A Depressive Symptom Scale for the California Psychological Inventory: Construct Validation of the CPI-D.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
Psychological Assessment (Impact Factor: 2.99). 10/2004; 16(3):299-309. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.16.3.299
Source: PubMed


To facilitate life span research on depressive symptomatology, a depressive symptom scale for the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) is needed. The authors constructed such a scale (the CPI-D) and compared its psychometric properties with 2 widely used self-report depression scales: the Beck Depression Inventory and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Construct validity of the CPI-D was examined in 3 studies. Study 1 established content validity, classifying CPI-D items into Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition depressive symptoms. Study 2 used 3 large samples to gather evidence for reliability and validity: correlational analyses demonstrated alpha reliability and convergent and discriminant validity; factor analysis provided evidence for discriminant validity with anxiety; and regression analyses demonstrated comparative validity with existing standard PI scales. Study 3 used clinician ratings of depression and anxiety as criteria for external validity.

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    • "Consistent with this philosophy, the inventory's 15 original folk scales (Gough, 1957) have been revised several times, and the third edition of the inventory's manual (Gough & Bradley, 1996) supplements these scales with five additional folk scales, three vector scales, and 11 special-purpose scales, such as a Narcissism scale (Wink & Gough, 1990). Even newer scales have been successfully developed since the third edition (e.g., Adams & John, 1997; Jay & John, 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present research developed a new, multi-step approach for hierarchically assessing the Big Five personality domains from a large and diverse pool of existing questionnaire items: those of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). First, the Abridged Big Five Circumplex (AB5C) structural model was used to organize the CPI item pool in Big Five factor space. Using the 10 resulting CPI-AB5C circumplexes as starting points, 16 facet scales were then developed to assess specific personality characteristics within the broad Big Five domains. Finally, principal components analysis with validimax rotation was used to score the five domains from the facet scales. In three independent samples, the resulting CPI-Big Five measure demonstrated strong reliability, convergence with self- and peer-reports, and discriminant validity. Availability of the new measure brings more than a half-century’s worth of archival CPI data to bear on contemporary research questions about the Big Five. Additionally, the process of developing the CPI-Big Five measure illustrates some of the challenges that may arise when attempting to assess new psychological constructs from existing measures, as well as methods for addressing such challenges.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Journal of Research in Personality
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    ABSTRACT: Resumo Objetivo: Mensurar a prevalência de sintomas depressivos de acordo com Inventário de Depressão de Beck em pacientes portadores do HIV/Aids em um hospital de referência na cidade de Florianópolis – SC. Método: Foi realizado um estudo transversal que avaliou 27 portadores do HIV/Aids atendidos em enfermaria médica, ambulatório e Hospital Dia do Hospital Nereu Ramos (HNR) -Florianópolis – SC. Foram avaliadas variáveis sociodemográficas e relacionadas aos transtornos depressivos. Foi utilizado o Inventário de Depressão de Beck, e como ponto de corte o seguinte índice: <18 normal, e maior ou igual à 18 possível depressão. Resultados: O ponto de corte considerado como sugestivo para depressão foi atingido por 11(40,7%) dos participantes. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa quando avaliada a presença de sintomas depressivos de acordo com o tipo de atendimento que o paciente estava recebendo (p 0,143), e de acordo com o gênero (p 0,102). Abstract Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression based on Beck Depression Inventory in patients with HIV/ Aids in a referential hospital located in Florianópolis-SC. Methods: It was made a transversal study witch evaluated 27 patients with HIV/Aids treated in Nereu Ramos Hospital, in Florianópolis-SC. It was evaluated social demographic data and also data related with depression disorders. It was used the Beck Depression Inventory and the levels used were: <18 normal and e" 18 possible depression. Results: The cut-off score considered as depression diagnose was reached by 11 (40,7%) patients. There were no statistical significance when it was evaluated the occurrence of depression in association with kind of attainment that this patients were receiving (p 0,102). There was, also, no statistical difference according to gender. Conclusions: The prevalence of depression according to Beck Depression Inventory in HIV/Aids patients was 40,7%.
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