Spectroscopic features of radiolytic intermediates induced in gamma irradiated sulfatiazole: An ESR study

Physics Engineering Department, Hacettepe University, 06800 Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey.
International Journal of Pharmaceutics (Impact Factor: 3.65). 12/2004; 285(1-2):1-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2004.06.026
Source: PubMed


Sulfonamides are used as active ingredients in different drugs to treat infections caused by bacteria. Sulfatiazole (STZ) is one of the commonly used sulfonamides as antibacterial agent in drugs, which constitute potential candidates for radiosterilization. However, the crucial point in this respect is to monitor the amount and characteristic features of the radiolytic intermediates produced after irradiation. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy is extensively used for this purpose due to its high sensitivity toward intermediates exhibiting radicalic nature. Thus, the aim of the present work is to investigate the spectroscopic and kinetic features of the species having unpaired electrons induced in gamma irradiated STZ at room and different temperatures in the dose range of 5-50kGy using ESR spectroscopy. Spectra of irradiated STZ consisted of many resonance peaks in the studied dose and temperature ranges. Heights of the peaks measured with respect to the base line were used to monitor microwave, temperature, time-dependent features of the radical species contributing to the experimental ESR spectra. Four tentative species of different spectroscopic and structural features assigned as A, B, C and D were found well explaining the experimental ESR spectra of gamma irradiated STZ. Comparison between the principal IR bands of unirradiated and gamma irradiated samples showed no detectable changes and appearance of new bands.

8 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to investigate the feasibility of radiation sterilization of ketoprofen from a chemical point of view. Although irradiated ketoprofen has already been studied in the literature [Katusin-Razem et al., Radiat. Phys. Chem. 73 111-116 (2005)], new results, on the basis of electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements and the use of hyphenated techniques (GC-MS and LC-MS), are obtained. The ESR spectra of irradiated ketoprofen consists of four unresolved resonance peaks and the mean G-value of ketoprofen is found to be 4 +/- 0.9 nmoles/J, which is very small. HPLC-UV analyses indicate that no significant loss of ketoprofen is detected after irradiation. LC-MS-MS analyses show that the structures of the non-volatile final products are similar to ketoprofen. Benzaldehyde is detected in the irradiated samples after dynamic-extraction GC-MS. The analyses show that ketoprofen is radioresistant and therefore might be radiosterilized.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present work, effects of gamma radiation on solid meropenem trihydrate (MPT), which is the active ingredient of carbapenem antibiotics, were investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Irradiated MPT presents an ESR spectrum consisting of many resonance peaks. Heights measured with respect to the spectrum baseline of these resonance peaks were used to explore the evolutions of the radicalic species responsible for the experimental spectrum under different conditions. Variations of the denoted 11 peak heights with microwave power, sample temperature and applied radiation doses and decay of the involved radicalic species at room and at high temperatures were studied. On the basis of the results derived from these studies, a molecular model consisting of the presence of four different radicalic species was proposed, and spectroscopic parameters of these species were calculated through spectrum simulation calculations. The dosimetric potential of MPT was also explored and it was concluded that MPT presents the characteristics of normal and accidental dosimetric materials.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2006 · Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present work, characteristic features of the radiolytical intermediates produced in gamma-irradiated solid sulfamethazine (SMH) were investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The heights of the resonance peaks, measured with respect to the spectrum baseline, were used to monitor microwave saturation, temperature and time-dependent kinetic features of the radical species contributing to the formation of recorded experimental ESR spectra. Three species having different spectroscopic and kinetic features were observed to be produced in gamma-irradiated SMH. SO2, which is the most sensitive group of radiation in the SMH molecule, was found to be at the origin of radiation-produced ionic radical species. Based on the experimental results derived from the present study, the applicability of ESR spectroscopy to radiosterilization of SMH was discussed. In the dose range of interest (0.5–10 kGy), the radiation yield of solid SMH was calculated to be very low (G=0.45) compared with those obtained for sulfonamide aqueous solutions (G=3.5–5.1). Based on these findings, it was concluded that SMH and SMH-containing drugs could be safely sterilized by gamma radiation and that ESR spectroscopy could be successfully used as a potential technique for monitoring their radiosterilization.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids
Show more