Interleukin-10 attenuates the response to vascular injury

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Health, Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA.
Journal of Surgical Research (Impact Factor: 1.94). 11/2004; 121(2):206-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2004.03.025
Source: PubMed


The inflammatory response to vascular injury is characterized by expression of cytokines, growth factors, and chemokines that conspire to promote vessel remodeling and intimal hyperplasia (IH). Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifunctional cytokine that has several anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. Few studies have evaluated the effects of IL-10 in experimental atherosclerosis. The purpose of the present study was to determine the influence of IL-10 on vascular inflammation and IH following mechanical injury.
Wire carotid injury was performed in wild-type (WT) mice with and without IL-10 treatment. Immunohistochemistry, PCR, and ELISA assays were used to examine vessel production of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB). Vessels were morphometrically analyzed for IH.
Carotid injury induced early expression of MCP-1 and bFGF that was abrogated in mice treated with IL-10. Similarly, injury-induced expression of NFkappaB message and protein was attenuated in mice receiving exogenous IL-10. Compared to untreated mice, IL-10 markedly decreased levels of IH. Interestingly, carotid injury in IL-10-deficient mice resulted in an augmented IH response compared to injured WT mice.
In an in vivo model of direct vascular injury, IL-10 decreased expression of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor, NFkappaB, and the mitogenic chemokine and growth factor, MCP-1 and bFGF, respectively. These observations were associated with IL-10-induced attenuation of IH. Furthermore, endogenous IL-10 appeared to suppress the injury response. In conclusion, exogenously delivered IL-10 may represent a clinically relevant anti-inflammatory strategy for post-injury intimal hyperplasia.

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