Implications of Work and Community Demands and Resources for Work-to-Family Conflict and Facilitation.

Raymond L. Fitz, S. M. Center for Leadership in Community, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469-1445, USA.
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.07). 11/2004; 9(4):275-85. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.9.4.275
Source: PubMed


Based on a differential salience approach, this article examines the combined effects of work and community demands and resources on work-to-family conflict and facilitation. The study uses information from 2,507 employed respondents from the 1995 National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States. The findings indicate that work demands are relatively strongly related to work-to-family conflict, whereas work resources are relatively more important in relation to work-to-family facilitation. Social incoherence and friend demands are positively related to work-to-family conflict, whereas sense of community and support from friends have positive effects on facilitation. Community resources also show weak amplifying effects on some of the positive relationships between work resources and work-to-family facilitation. The findings provide modest support for the hypotheses.

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    • "Although links between training and paid WFF have not been tested directly, support is available from studies of related concepts (e.g. learning opportunities; Voydanoff, 2004b) and evidence that training contributes to workplace learning (Arthur, Bennett, Edens, & Bell, 2003). Volunteer emergency services agencies provide their volunteers with a range of such opportunities. "
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    • "For example, WFC of the type " time-based WIF conflict " treats the time as a scarce resource postulating that " more time devoted to work leaves less time for the family " . A lot of evidence is found in support of the statement that work overload is acting for the formation or escalation of WFC (Voydanoff, 2004, 2005; Spector et al., 2004). Generally, the sources and consequences of WFC are presented in fig.1. "
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    • "The latter is a by-product of spending too much time working, perhaps as a result of trying to catch up on heavy workloads, thus leaving too little time remaining for family. Second, we included two measures of demands, working hours and a perceptual measure of workload, to adequately capture both time-based and strain-based work demands (Voydanoff, 2004, 2005). Working hours is a factual and relatively objective indicator of work demands. "
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