Alternative Splicing Microarrays Reveal Functional Expression of Neuron-specific Regulators in Hodgkin Lymphoma Cells
Alternative splicing provides a versatile mechanism of gene regulation, which is often subverted in disease. We have used customized oligonucleotide microarrays to interrogate simultaneously the levels of expression of splicing factors and the patterns of alternative splicing of genes involved in tumor progression. Analysis of RNAs isolated from cell lines derived from Hodgkin lymphoma tumors indicate that the relative abundance of alternatively spliced isoforms correlates with transformation and tumor grade. Changes in expression of regulators were also detected, and a subset sample was confirmed at the protein level. Ectopic expression of neuron-specific splicing regulatory proteins of the Nova family was observed in some cell lines and tumor samples, correlating with expression of a neuron-specific mRNA isoform of JNK2 kinase. This microarray design can help assess the role of alternative splicing in a variety of biological and medical problems and potentially serve as a diagnostic tool.