A Case of a Young Woman with Tuberculous Peritonitis Diagnosed Owing to High Value of ADA
Department of General Internal Medicine, Okayama University Hospital.Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 11/2004; 78(10):916-22. DOI: 10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.78.916
A 26-year-old woman visited the first hospital due to ascites in August 2003, She had continual abdominal pain diagnosed as Irritable bowel disease after a gastrointestinal and colon fiberscopy was performed. Chest-abdominal CT scan revealed normal chest, massive ascites and swollen ovary. To rule out malignancy, surgical biopsy was performed, which brought no significant findings. We focused on the high value of Adenosin deaminase (ADA) in ascites and strongly suspected tuberculotic peritonitis. Consequently, pathologist confirmed the existence of bacterial bodies stained by acid-fast stain after our consultation. Compared with the poor diagnostic accuracy of surgical biopsy, the value of ADA in ascites has a very high sensitivity and specificity. Considering the high risk of being infertile, to begin diagnostic medication of tuberculotic peritonitis is an acceptable choice for young women with a high value of ADA in the ascites.
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ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old man, who lived alone, was hospitalized due to rapid deterioration of the general condition over a three-week period caused by alcoholic cirrhosis. One month after he left hospital, he was found dead in his house by his friend. Three days before he was found dead, he had met his friend and seemed to be in poor condition. Autopsy was conducted by a medical examiner to clarify the cause of death. Externally, signs of severe jaundice were apparent over the whole body, along with extensive abdominal swelling and edema of the extremities. Autopsy findings demonstrated that the abdominal cavity contained an amount of massive turbid and slight pale reddish brown ascites (23 l). There were no findings of severe peritoneal inflammation. The liver (650 g) was elastic hard and had a micro-nodular surface, which showed severe atrophy. Microscopic examination of the liver showed clear pseudolobule with severe fibrosis in the stroma. There were no significant changes in the heart or brain. The stomach was empty and only a slight amount of intestinal contents. There was no ethanol detected in the blood or urine. The direct cause of his death was circulatory dysfunction due to massive accumulation of the ascites. The reasons for the massive ascites accumulation over 20 l in this case were (1) that he had no serious complications other than ascites; and (2) he did not have any medical treatment just before his death.