Enhanced Fcγ receptor I, α Mβ 2 integrin receptor expression by monocytes and neutrophils in rheumatoid arthritis: Interaction with platelets

Department of Clinical Chemistry, Capio Diagnostik, St. Göran's Hospital, 11281 Stockholm, Sweden.
The Journal of Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 3.19). 01/2005; 31(12):2347-55.
Source: PubMed


To investigate platelet and leukocyte activation and interaction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the effect of methotrexate (MTX) or anti-tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) treatment on these variables.
Four-color flow cytometry analysis was performed for quantitative measurement of platelet (P-selectin, PAC-1) and leukocyte (CD11b, CD64) activation markers and estimation of percentage of leukocyte-platelet complexes in whole blood in 20 patients with RA before and after 6 weeks of therapy and in 20 controls. In addition, measures of soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin), beta-thromboglobulin, fibrinogen, prothrombin fragment 1+2, D-dimer, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and TNF-a and tender and swollen joint counts were carried out.
Before therapy, PAC-1 binding, expression of CD11b and CD64 on monocytes and neutrophils, circulating levels of monocyte (CD11b+ or CD64+)-platelet complexes, monocyte-PAC-1+ platelet complexes, CRP, ESR, IL-6, TNF-a, fibrinogen, D-dimer and sP-selectin were significantly higher in RA patients compared to controls. The anti-TNF-a therapy significantly reduced levels of monocyte-PAC-1+ platelet complexes, sP-selectin, CRP, ESR, IL-6, TNF-a, fibrinogen, and D-dimer and tender and swollen joint counts. CD64 expression on monocytes was significantly decreased by MTX therapy. PAC-1 binding was not inhibited by MTX or anti-TNF-a.
Increased platelet and leukocyte activation and increased formation of leukocyte-platelet complexes in patients with RA suggest a status of simultaneous activation of the immune and hemostatic systems.

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