Omura, K. et al. Recovery of blood-nerve barrier in crush nerve injury - a quantitative analysis utlizing immunohistochemistry. Brain Res. 1001, 13-21
The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the application of immunohistochemical examinations to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) can be a reliable method for the quantitative analysis of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) and the relationship between restoration of BNB and nerve regeneration. Sciatic nerves in rats were examined after nerve crush. Immunohistochemical staining with anti-rat endothelial cell antigen-1 (anti-RECA-1) that recognizes endothelial cells and anti-endothelial barrier antigen (anti-EBA) for the detection of barrier-type endothelial cells were used. Neurofilament for staining axons was also performed. A quantitative analysis of the BNB was assessed using the ratio of EBA positive cells and RECA-1 positive cells. The ratio of EBA/RECA-1 decreased significantly 3 days postoperatively and reached its lowest level at day 7 in the segment 5 mm proximal and the entire distal stump. The ratio gradually recovered from the proximal and the regeneration of axons started a week earlier than BNB. The ratio of EBA/RECA-1 applied to the PNS can be a reliable method for the quantitative analysis of BNB. In crush injuries, the breakdown of BNB occurred simultaneously in the segment 5 mm proximal and the entire distal stump; restoration began from the proximal to distal and followed a week later to nerve regeneration.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.