Omura, K. et al. Recovery of blood-nerve barrier in crush nerve injury - a quantitative analysis utlizing immunohistochemistry. Brain Res. 1001, 13-21

ArticleinBrain Research 1001(1-2):13-21 · April 2004with37 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.84 · DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2003.10.067 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the application of immunohistochemical examinations to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) can be a reliable method for the quantitative analysis of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) and the relationship between restoration of BNB and nerve regeneration. Sciatic nerves in rats were examined after nerve crush. Immunohistochemical staining with anti-rat endothelial cell antigen-1 (anti-RECA-1) that recognizes endothelial cells and anti-endothelial barrier antigen (anti-EBA) for the detection of barrier-type endothelial cells were used. Neurofilament for staining axons was also performed. A quantitative analysis of the BNB was assessed using the ratio of EBA positive cells and RECA-1 positive cells. The ratio of EBA/RECA-1 decreased significantly 3 days postoperatively and reached its lowest level at day 7 in the segment 5 mm proximal and the entire distal stump. The ratio gradually recovered from the proximal and the regeneration of axons started a week earlier than BNB. The ratio of EBA/RECA-1 applied to the PNS can be a reliable method for the quantitative analysis of BNB. In crush injuries, the breakdown of BNB occurred simultaneously in the segment 5 mm proximal and the entire distal stump; restoration began from the proximal to distal and followed a week later to nerve regeneration.