Correlates and Determinants of Child Antrophometrics in Latin America: Background and Overview of the Symposium

Population Studies Center, Economics Department, McNeil 160, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297, USA.
Economics & Human Biology (Impact Factor: 1.9). 01/2005; 2(3):335-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.ehb.2004.10.002
Source: PubMed


In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) about one in six children under 5 years of age--or about 9 million children--suffer from longer-run undernourishment reflected in stunting. This paper introduces, places in perspective and presents a common micro analytical framework for the seven papers in this symposium that investigate the household and community determinants of child malnourishment in eight countries in LAC. These papers are the outcomes of a research project supported by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Research Department Latin American and Caribbean Research Network Project on "Child Health, Poverty and the Role of Social Policies" in 2003-2004.

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Available from: Emmanuel Skoufias
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    • "4 Other studies in this area have also studied the effect of community factors. Behrman and Skoufias (2004) have used the terms 'community characteristics' and 'public factors' interchangeably. Attanasio et al. (2004) have found that presence of a public hospital in a municipality and the extent of piped water network significantly affect child health in Columbia. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the absence of large scale survey data to form a comprehensive index of child wellbeing in India, we select nutritional status as the sole indicator reflecting overall child well-being, since ability to be well-nourished is the one of the most relevant capabilities, particularly for very young children. A puzzling aspect of child nutrition in India is that it is far worse than in countries with comparable and lower levels of income. This paper attempts to shed light on whether the public sector can be blamed for the poor nutritional outcomes of Indian children. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we have attempted to delineate the roles of private income and public infrastructure in explaining children’s well-being in rural areas, as indicated by their nutritional status at various points of the distribution. Who are the children receiving the benefits of public facilities? Do public facilities cater to the worst affected segments of child population? How does private wealth interact with public facilities in determining child nutrition? Do children from wealthier households utilize public facilities better? Alternatively, do public facilities compensate for the absence of private wealth? Do these interaction effects vary at different parts of the distribution of children? Second, we attempt to find out the roles of private income and public facilities in equalizing child well-being. We try to explain what causes pure or univariate inequality in nutritional outcomes of children.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Child Indicators Research
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    • "Se estima que uno de cada seis preescolares de la región -alrededor de 9 millones de niños-sufre de stunting moderado o severo. Esta prevalencia difiere ampliamente entre los países, presentando porcentajes máximos en Guatemala y Honduras y muy bajos en Chile (Behrman y Skoufias, 2004). En la Argentina, según el informe " La Salud en las Américas " emitido por la Oficina Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) en 1998, entre 4 y 12% de los niños de seis años que ingresan a la escuela primaria padecen alguna forma de desnutrición. "

    Full-text · Dataset · Mar 2013
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    • "Access to preventive health services, including preventive check-up and immunization, is expected to improve child nutritional status by reducing the incidence and severity of illness (Alderman and Garcia, 1994; Behrman and Skoufias, 2004; Bredenkamp, 2009). Childhood disease may lead to decreased dietary intake, poor absorption of nutrients or increased calorie needs to combat disease, and result in rapid depletion of nutritional stores and consequently growth faltering, particularly for younger children (Scrimshaw & SanGiovanni, 1997; Weisz et al., 2011; Rodríguez et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes urban-rural disparities of China's child health and nutritional status using the China Health and Nutrition Survey data from 1989 to 2006. We investigate degrees of health and nutritional disparities between urban and rural children in China as well as how such disparities have changed during the period 1989-2006. The results show that on average urban children have 0.29 higher height-for-age z-scores and 0.19 greater weight-for-age z-scores than rural children. Urban children are approximately 40% less likely to be stunted (OR=0.62; p<0.01) or underweight (OR=0.62; p<0.05) during the period 1989-2006. We also find that the urban-rural health and nutritional disparities have been declining significantly from 1989 to 2006. Both urban and rural children have increased consumption of high protein and fat foods from 1989 to 2006, but the urban-rural difference decreased over time. Moreover, the urban-rural gap in child preventive health care access was also reduced during this period.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Economics and human biology
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