[Risk factors of atherosclerosis in end-stage renal disease patients]
Patients with end-stage renal disease have greatly elevated risks of atherosclerotic disease. Vascular calcification in advanced atherosclerosis is a common feature in ESRD patients. Risk factors of atherosclerosis in ESRD patients are coronary risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia and hyperphosphatemia. Bone associated proteins including osteopontin, matrix Gla protein and osteoprotegerin may be involved in the progression of atherosclerosis.