School bullying and suicidal risk in Korean middle school students. Pediatrics
University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States PEDIATRICS
(Impact Factor: 5.47).
03/2005; 115(2):357-63. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2004-0902
Being a victim or a perpetrator of school bullying, the most common type of school violence, has been frequently associated with a broad spectrum of behavioral, emotional, and social problems. In a Korean middle school community sample, this study specifically investigated the prevalence of suicidal ideations and behaviors in victims, perpetrators, and victim-perpetrators of school bullying and compared them with a group of students who were in the same schools and were not involved with bullying.
In a cross-sectional study, 1718 seventh- and eighth-grade students in 2 middle schools participated in the study in October 2000. Students completed demographic information, Korean Peer Nomination Inventory, and Korean Youth Self-Report.
Compared with the students who were not involved with school bullying, victim-perpetrators reported more suicidal/self-injurious behaviors and suicidal ideation in the previous 6 months (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9 and 1.9, respectively). In female students, all 3 school bullying groups had increased suicidal ideation for the previous 2 weeks (OR: 2.8, 2.0, and 2.8, respectively) but not in male students (OR: 0.9, 1.1, and 1.3, respectively).
Students who were involved in school bullying, especially victim-perpetrators and female students, had significantly higher risks for suicide ideation and suicidal behavior when compared with individuals who were not involved in school bullying. In addition to attempting to decrease bullying in a community, students who are involved in school bullying should be the targets for suicide monitoring and prevention programs.
Available from: Renan Pereira Monteiro
- "Resumidamente, estima-se que o bullying pode ser uma variável antecedente de diversos problemas, com efeitos imediatos ou tardios, tanto para quem é vítima quanto para quem agride (Sourander et al., 2007). Desse modo, assevera-se que o bullying tornou-se um problema de saúde pública (Kim et al., 2005), podendo acarretar diversos problemas biopsicossociais aos envolvidos (Lemos, 2007). Diante do exposto, evidencia-se a necessidade de identificar, por meio de instrumentos avaliativos eficazes , pessoas que estão envolvidas em situações de bullying, seja no papel de agressor ou vítima. "
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ABSTRACT: This work aimed to develop the Bullying Behaviors Scale (BBS), checking evidences of validity and reliability. 455 elementary school students from public and private schools in Parnaíba (PI), Brazil, participated in the study. Their mean age was 11.3, being mostly female (53.5%). All participants completed a preliminary version of the measure, composed by 30 items, and demographic questions. A Principal Axis Analysis was performed (PAF; Varimax rotation), the Scree test, and parallel analysis indicated the existence of a four-factor structure, consistent with the literature (verbal, physical, relational and virtual). Next, a new PAF was performed, establishing the extraction of four factors, which account for 47.7% of total variance, and Cronbach alphas ranged from .60 to .79. These findings reveal that the BBS meets favorable evidence of validity and reliability, and it is suitable for use in future studies aiming to understand the antecedents and consequences of bullying.
Available from: Tsukasa Sasaki
- "A school-based survey across 40 countries, including a number of European countries, Turkey, Israel and North American countries, found that 8.6–45.2% of children(11–15 years)were involved in bullying . Several cross-sectional school-based studies observed that being bullied may be associated with the risk of suicidal behaviors in Finland, Korea and the U.S. , –. Longitudinal population-based cohort studies observed the association between victimization by bullying in childhood or adolescence and later mental disorders and suicidal behavior, including completed suicide, in the U.K. and Finland –. However, help-seeking behavior in bullied adolescents generally still remains to be studied. "
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Being bullied is associated with the manifestation of suicidal feelings, which sharply increase in middle(-late) adolescence. Whether or not bullied middle(-late) adolescents with suicidal feelings seek help is therefore a critical issue, given that help-seeking plays a key role in the prevention of suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of bullying, suicidal feelings and the interaction between these two factors on help-seeking behavior in adolescents.
Japanese middle(-late) adolescents (aged 15–18 years; n = 9484) were studied using self-report questionnaires. The rate of adolescents who actually sought help was examined for bullying status and suicidal feelings.
The rate of adolescents who sought help was significantly higher when they were bullied (p<0.001) and also when they had mild suicidal feelings (p<0.001), but not when they displayed serious suicidal feelings. In the case of adolescents who were bullied, however, having suicidal feelings significantly decreased the rate of help-seeking (OR = 0.47, p<0.05 and OR = 0.32, p = 0.002 for having mild and serious suicidal feelings, respectively). The decrease was remarkable when suicidal feelings were serious. Specifically, the decrease was significant in seeking help from peers and family members, who are the most frequent source of the help for adolescents, when they had serious suicidal feelings (OR = 0.21, p<0.01 and OR = 0.13, p<0.001, respectively).
Suicidal feelings may interfere with help-seeking behavior, which could be critical in suicide prevention in bullied middle(-late) adolescents.
- "The abuse experience from parent results in a serious crisis in adolescent's development process, and affects suicide directly or indirectly . Also school violence from peers led to suicide of a student, it has become a serious social problem . Peer group in the developmental stages of adolescent is very important, peer relationship appeared to be the most influential factors associated with suicidal ideation, adolescents who have experienced low intimacy and high rejection from peers have serious thoughts of suicide , whereas it appeared not to be a direct effect on suicidal ideation of adolescents, but indirectly affected through a sense of alienation and low self-esteem . "
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ABSTRACT: Gratitude disposition is positively associated with happiness.
The purpose of this study was to identify influencing factors on gratitude disposition by gender differences in middle school students.
Cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires were administered to participants (n=372) aged between 13 ∼ 15 years in Seoul and Chungnam Province in Korea. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS18.0 statistical program, and frequency analysis and logistic regression analysis were used in the research.
The mean score of family abuse of boys was significantly higher than girl' score (t=3.016, p=0.003). In subscales of development assets, empowerment (t=2.264, p=0.024), boundaries and expectation (t=2.476, p=0.014), and commitment to learning (t=1.971, p=0.049) were significantly higher in boys. The Results of logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR 0.334, CI 0.130∼0.862), peer relationship (OR 2.280, CI 1.124∼4.623), social support (OR 2.584, CI 1.176∼5.676), positive identity (OR 3.138, CI 1.256∼7.840) significantly associated with gratitude disposition for boys, while school violence (OR 0.050, CI 0.003∼0.907) and positive identity (OR 2.937, CI 1.313∼6.567) significantly associated with gratitude disposition for girls.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that it is important to protect adolescents from family abuse and school violence, furthermore, developmental assets should be developed to increase to gratitude disposition.
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