Efficacy, safety, and treatment satisfaction of tadalafil versus placebo in patients with erectile dysfunction evaluated at tertiary-care academic centers. Trial Evaluating the Activity of Tadalafil for Erectile Dysfunction-United States (TREATED-US) Study Group

Columbia University, New York, New York, United States
Urology (Impact Factor: 2.19). 03/2005; 65(2):353-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2004.09.056
Source: PubMed


To determine the efficacy, safety, and treatment satisfaction of tadalafil 20 mg for erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients evaluated at tertiary-care academic centers.
In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, patients were randomly allocated to receive fixed-dose tadalafil 20 mg (n = 146) or placebo (n = 49) for 12 weeks. Efficacy was assessed by the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP), and Global Assessment Question (GAQ); patient and partner treatment satisfaction by the Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS) and SEP; and safety by adverse events, laboratory values, and vital signs.
Mean baseline IIEF erectile function (EF) domain was 12.98. Fifty-one percent of enrolled patients had severe baseline ED, and 82% had organic ED. Pre-existing, ED-associated comorbid conditions were common. When compared with patients treated with placebo, those receiving tadalafil reported significant improvement from baseline in the IIEF EF domain (P <0.001), successful penetration attempts (SEP question 2; P <0.001), successful intercourse (SEP question 3; P <0.001), and all secondary efficacy outcomes (P <0.001). Patients and their sexual partners were also significantly more satisfied with tadalafil treatment (P <0.001), including overall satisfaction (P <0.001) and length of time the treatment worked (P <0.001). Mild or moderate headache, dyspepsia, and myalgia were the most frequent treatment-emergent adverse events reported.
Tadalafil significantly improved erectile function and patient and partner satisfaction and was well tolerated. These results were observed in a tertiary-care, academic center population with a high incidence of severe, organic ED, and comorbid medical conditions, factors known to compromise erectile function and treatment outcome.

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    • "Previous positive findings for psychosocial outcomes (e.g. sexual self-confidence) and treatment satisfaction on the EDITS have also been reported in 20 studies of on-demand tadalafil [44]. Tradamixina, however, shows improvement in the same areas because Biovis contains polymers of d-glucosamine and n-acetyl-d-glucosamine that act on both the non-adrenergic and non-colinergic system (NANC) and on the endothelial cell system as a strong nitric oxide synthetase (NOS) stimulator [32]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Reduced libido is widely considered the most prominent symptomatic reflection of low testosterone (T) levels in men. Testosterone deficiency (TD) afflicts approximately 30% of men aged 40-79 years. This study seeks to evaluate the effect of a new natural compound "tradamixina "in order to improve male sexual function in elderly men, particularly libido and possible erectile dysfunction, versus administration of tadalafil 5 mg daily. Seventy patients (67.3± 3.7 years) with stable marital relations and affected by reduced libido, with or without erectile dysfunction were recruited. They were randomly separated in 2 groups A-B of 35. Group A was administered twice a day a new compound "Tradamixina" (150 mg of Alga Ecklonia Bicyclis, 396 mg of Tribulus Terrestris and 144 mg of D-Glucosamine and N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine) for two months, while Group B was administered tadalafil 5 mg daily, for two months. At visit and after 60 days of treatment patients were evaluated by means of detailed medical and sexual history, clinical examination, laboratory investigations (Total and Free T), instrumental examination (NPTR- nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity test- with Rigiscan). Patients completed a self-administered IIEF questionnaire (The international index of erectile function) and SQoLM questionnaire (Sexual quality of life Questionnarie-Male). The results pre and post treatment were compared by Student t test (p<0.005). After 2 months of treatment in group A serum TT levels (230±18 ng/dl vs 671±14 ng/dl ) and FT levels(56± 2.4 pg/ml vs 120± 3.9pg/ml) increased, while in group B serum TT levels (245±12 ng/dl vs 247±15 ng/dl ) and FT levels(53± 0.3 pg/ml vs 55± 0.5pg/ml) increased not statistically significant. The patient's numbers with negative NPTR improved after treatment in group A and B (15 vs 18 and 13 vs 25 respectively). The IIEF total score in group A increased after treatment with tradamixina (15±1.5 vs 29.77±1.2); the IIEF total score in group B increased slightly (12±1.3 vs 23.40±1.2). The SQoLM total score improved in both groups (A:16±2,3 vs 33±4,1 and B: 16±3,4 vs 31±2,1). The treatment twice a day with "Tradamixina" for 2 months improved libido in elderly men without side effects of Tadalafil.
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    • "Once-daily tadalafil treatment also resulted in: 1) significantly higher treatment satisfaction on the EDITS at end point and 2) significantly improved psychosocial outcomes, as indicated by increases in the total score of the SEAR and 3 of the 4 SEAR subdomains compared with placebo. Previous positive findings for psychosocial outcomes (eg, sexual selfconfidence ) and treatment satisfaction on the EDITS have also been reported in studies of on-demand tadalafil (Skoumal et al, 2004; Carson et al, 2005; Martin-Morales et al, 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies established the efficacy of once-daily tadalafil for men with erectile dysfunction. However, no trial has focused on the effects of such treatment on men without previous experience using oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors. Subjects were randomized (2:1) to once-daily tadalafil 5 mg (with possible down-titration to 2.5 mg; n = 146) or placebo (n = 69) for 12 weeks. Among 215 subjects (mean age = 52 years), once-daily tadalafil treatment resulted in 61.7% of study participants reporting their ability to achieve and maintain erections being much better or very much better (vs. 21.7% on placebo; P < .001). Tadalafil significantly improved treatment satisfaction on the Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS; P < .001 vs. placebo at endpoint) and psychosocial outcomes on the Self-Esteem and Relationship (SEAR) questionnaire (least-squares mean difference in SEAR total score change from baseline = 11.8 [95% CI = 5.4-18.2; P < .001 vs. placebo]). Subjects receiving once-daily tadalafil also experienced a higher proportion of daily self-reported spontaneous morning erections at endpoint (58.7%) compared to placebo (42.2%; P < .001 for the between-treatment difference in changes from baseline). However, no significant differences in parameters of endothelial dysfunction (including biomarkers and peripheral arterial tonometric measures) or nocturnal erections as recorded by the nocturnal electrobioimpedance volumetric assessment were observed between treatment groups. Tadalafil was well tolerated; adverse events included back pain, headache, and dyspepsia. These findings may contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of once-daily tadalafil's effects on PDE5-inhibitor-naive men.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of Andrology
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    • "The overall EDITS score was 67 in the tadalafil group compared with 36 in the placebo group (p < 0.001), and a significant correlation was observed between the scores of the patient and his partner, demonstrating improved satisfaction with parallel improvement in partner satisfaction. This study concluded that even in a tertiary care population of patients with a higher incidence of severe, organic ED and comorbid medical conditions, tadalafil remains a safe and well tolerated drug that significantly improves ED treatment satisfaction for patients and partners (Carson et al 2005a). "
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) was revolutionized with the development of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors. Tadalafil (Cialis((R)); Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA) is the newest and most versatile PDE5 inhibitor in the clinical armamentarium for the treatment of ED. Its most unique characteristic is its long half-life of 17.5 hours, which lends itself to a longer therapeutic window with on-demand dosing and effective steady-state plasma concentrations with once-daily dosing. Clinical trials have proven its safety and efficacy with both dosing strategies for all severities and etiologies of ED, including difficult-to-treat ED. This thorough review will discuss ED, the physiology of penile erection and the role of PDE5, and all aspects of tadalafil, from its development, through its pharmacology, to its latest clinical studies and indications.
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