Liver histology of Asian patients with chronic hepatitis B on prolonged lamivudine therapy

Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 5.73). 05/2005; 21(7):841-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2005.02410.x
Source: PubMed


Long-term effect of YMDD mutations on liver histology in Chinese hepatitis B patients is unknown.
To examine the effect of prolonged lamivudine treatment on liver histology in Chinese patients with and without YMDD mutations.
Liver histology was assessed in 85 patients on long-term lamivudine at baseline and year 1, and at year 3 for 25 patients.
Comparing patients with and without YMDD mutations at year 1, the former had higher baseline median necroinflammatory (11 vs. six respectively, P = 0.014) and fibrosis scores (three vs. one respectively, P = 0.001). The proportion of patients with improvement in necroinflammation and worsening of fibrosis was comparable for patients with and without YMDD mutations at year 1 (57.1%, 14.3% vs. 55%, 15% respectively) and year 3 (57.9%, 26.3% vs. 50%, 16.7% respectively). Comparing the histology at year 1 and 3, more patients with YMDD mutations developing after year 1 had worsening of necroinflammation than patients with persistent YMDD wild type (53.8% vs. 25% respectively).
Patients who developed YMDD mutations had higher baseline histological scores. With YMDD mutations, the liver histology became less favourable after 3 years than at the first year, although there was still improvement when compared with that at baseline.

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