A genomic screen in yeast implicates kynurenine 3-monooxygenase as a therapeutic target for Huntington disease

University of Washington Seattle, Seattle, Washington, United States
Nature Genetics (Impact Factor: 29.35). 06/2005; 37(5):526-31. DOI: 10.1038/ng1542
Source: PubMed


Huntington disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused by expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the protein huntingtin (Htt), which leads to its aggregation in nuclear and cytoplasmic inclusion bodies. We recently identified 52 loss-of-function mutations in yeast genes that enhance the toxicity of a mutant Htt fragment. Here we report the results from a genome-wide loss-of-function suppressor screen in which we identified 28 gene deletions that suppress toxicity of a mutant Htt fragment. The suppressors are known or predicted to have roles in vesicle transport, vacuolar degradation, transcription and prion-like aggregation. Among the most potent suppressors was Bna4 (kynurenine 3-monooxygenase), an enzyme in the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation that has been linked directly to the pathophysiology of Huntington disease in humans by a mechanism that may involve reactive oxygen species. This finding is suggestive of a conserved mechanism of polyglutamine toxicity from yeast to humans and identifies new candidate therapeutic targets for the treatment of Huntington disease.

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    • "From a therapeutic aspect, the inhibition of KMO, a key enzyme in the KP, results in an enhancement of KYNA production and inhibits the formation of neurotoxic metabolites . Accordingly, the application of KMO inhibitors reduced huntingtin-induced toxicity in animal models [104] [105] [106]. "
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