Management of chronic hepatitis C in French departments of internal medicine and infectious diseases

CHRU de Strasbourg, Strasburg, Alsace, France
Epidemiology and Infection (Impact Factor: 2.54). 04/2005; 133(2):305-14. DOI: 10.1017/S0950268804003486
Source: PubMed


This prospective, multicentre study was conducted during 2-30 April 2001 in the internal medicine/infectious diseases services in France and included data from 1858 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients, half of whom were HIV co-infected. The aims were to outline the type of pre-therapeutic evaluation of HCV infection performed (HCV RNA, genotype, liver biopsy); determine the proportion and characteristics of patients receiving antiviral treatment; and determine if any changes in these parameters had occurred between 1995 and 2001. Patients whom had a complete pre-therapeutic evaluation (39%, 709/1834) and received antiviral treatment (38%, 690/1830) were more likely to have abnormal liver biochemistry, cirrhosis and cryoglobulinaemia (P < 0.001). Injecting drug users and HIV-co-infected patients were less likely to have a complete pre-therapeutic evaluation or receive antiviral treatment (P < 0.001). A complete pre-therapeutic evaluation was more often performed in 2001 than in 1995 (39% vs. 6%, P < 0.001), including qualitative HCV RNA testing (91% vs. 68%, P < 0.001), genotyping (59% vs. 7%, P < 0.001) and a liver biopsy (60% vs. 29%, P < 0.001). The frequency of anti-HCV treatment approximately doubled between 1995 and 2001 (20% vs. 38%, P < 0001). Although adherence to consensus recommendations regarding pre-therapeutic evaluation is not ideal, a substantial improvement has occurred since 1995. Nevertheless, means of increasing the availability of antiviral therapies, particularly for patients with HIV co-infection or injecting drug use, require further study.

Download full-text


Available from: Patrice P Cacoub
  • Source
    • "Australia, only 1%–6% of current and former IVDUs have received HCV treatment [6] [7] [8] [9]. The reasons for exclusion from treatment are not based on evidence from the literature. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Barriers to management of HCV in injection drug users are related to patients, health providers, and facilities. In a primary care drug user's addiction centre we studied access to HCV standard of care before and after using an onsite total care concept provided by a multidisciplinary team and noninvasive liver fibrosis evaluation. A total of 586 patients were seen between 2002 and 2004. The majority, 417 patients, were HCV positive and of these patients 337 were tested positive for HCV RNA. In 2002, patients were sent to the hospital. with the Starting of 2003, patients were offered standard of care HCV management in the center by a team of general practitioners, a consultant hepatologist, psychiatrists, nurses, and a health counsellor. Liver fibrosis was assessed by a non invasive method. In 2002, 6 patients had liver fibrosis assessment at hospital facilities, 4 patients were assessed with liver biopsy and 2 patients with Fibrotest-Actitest. 2 patients were treated for HCV at hospital. In 2003 and 2004, 224 patients were assessed with Fibrotest-Actitest on site. Of these, 85 were treated for HCV. SVR was achieved in 43%. We conclude that the combination of an onsite multidisciplinary team with the use of a noninvasive assessment method led to improved management of HCV infection in drug users' primary care facility.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2010 · Gastroenterology Research and Practice
  • Source

    Preview · Article ·
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to determine mortality because of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) in a nationwide population of HIV-infected patients, 7 years following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). All departments of internal medicine and infectious diseases from the GERMIVIC Study Group prospectively recorded all deaths in HIV-infected patients during 2003. Fifty-nine departments, following a total of 20 940 HIV-infected patients, participated in the study. Results were compared with those of previous surveys conducted using similar methodology in 1995, 1997 and 2001. Among 215 deaths observed during 2003, 101 (46.9%) were related to AIDS, 27 (12.6%) to ESLD and 87 (40.5%) to other causes. Mortality because of ESLD represented 23.7% of non-AIDS-related deaths. Patients dying from ESLD had chronic hepatitis because of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 92.6% of cases and moderate (30-60 g) or high (>60 g) alcohol consumption (43.5% and 26.0%, respectively). In this population, deaths because of ESLD were 1.5% in 1995, 6.6% in 1997, 14.3% in 2001 and 12.6% in 2003. The prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma as a cause of death remained high in 2003 but stable when compared with 2001 (25%vs 14.8%). Treatment of hepatitis C in patients who died from ESLD was more frequent in 2003 (44.4%) than in 2001 (26.3%). Seven years after the introduction of HAART, ESLD associated with HCV infections is a leading cause of mortality in HIV-infected patients, which did not increase between the years 2001 and 2003.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Show more