Article

The Longitudinal Effects of Work-Family Conflict and Positive Spillover on Depressive Symptoms Among Dual-Earner Couples.

Department of Psychology, Portland State University, OR 97207, USA.
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.07). 05/2005; 10(2):138-54. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.10.2.138
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

This study assessed longitudinal and cross-sectional relationships between work-family conflict, positive spillover, and depression in a national sample of 234 dual-earner couples. The authors also assessed crossover effects (i.e., the transmission of emotions, affect, or stress from 1 member of a dyad to another) of work-family conflict and positive spillover on spouses' depression. Two general findings of the study were that (a) positive spillover has a stronger impact on depression than does work-family conflict, and (b) the effects of spouses' positive spillover were more strongly related to decreased depression than were the effects of one's own positive spillover. Significant longitudinal effects were related to the crossover of positive spillover on decreased spouse depression.

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    • "Future research should also include more organisations to generalise the findings sufficiently. Organisations should consider workrelated activities, policies and practices that facilitate work-family enrichment so that they can benefit from the positive outcomes which their employees experience (Hammer, Cullen, Neal, Sinclair, & Shafiro, 2005). It is also recommended that longitudinal research designs are used in work-family enrichment research, because levels of this type of enrichment undoubtedly fluctuate over time for different people . "
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    • "Though there have been several versions of positive spillover (e.g. Grzywacz and Bass, 2003; Grzywacz and Marks, 2000; Hammer et al., 2005; Hill, 2005), the work-family enrichment construct generally contains developmental, affective, and capital/efficiency components (Carlson et al., 2006). Of the dispositional antecedents that predict work-family linkages, affect has been of particular prominence in the literature. "
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