Adherence to guidelines is a predictor of outcome in chronic heart failure: The MAHLER survey

University of Cologne, Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
European Heart Journal (Impact Factor: 15.2). 08/2005; 26(16):1653-9. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehi251
Source: PubMed


The impact on outcome of the implementation of European guidelines for the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) has not been evaluated. We investigated the consequences of adherence to care by cardiologists on the rate of CHF and cardiovascular (CV) hospitalizations and time to CV hospitalization.
We constructed class adherence indicators for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors, beta-blockers, spironolactone, diuretics, and cardiac glycosides and GAIs (GAI3 adherence to first three classes of heart failure medication, GAI5 adherence to five classes). In the study, 1410 evaluable patients (mean age 69, 69% males, New York Heart Association (NYHA) II: 64%, III: 34%, IV: 2%) were enrolled and followed up for 6 months by 150 randomly selected cardiologists/cardiology departments from six European countries (France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain, and UK). Overall, adherence to treatment guidelines was 60 (GAI3) and 63% (GAI5) and was better for ACE-I (88%) or diuretics (82%) than for cardiac glycosides (52%), beta-blockers (58%), and spironolactone (36%). In the three tertiles of the population defined by a decreasing mean adherence score value, CHF and CV hospitalization rates were, respectively, 6.7, 9.7, and 14.7% and 11.2, 15.9, and 20.6% (P<0.002 and P<0.001, respectively). Global adherence indicator GAI3 was an independent predictor of time to CV hospitalization in a multi-variable model together with NYHA Class, history of CHF hospitalization, ischaemic aetiology, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension.
We demonstrate that adherence of physicians to treatment guidelines is a strong predictor of fewer CV hospitalizations in actual practice. There is a need to develop further quality improvement programmes in this condition.

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    • "Dose adjustment is generally based on the clinical assessment of the patient and altering pharmacological treatment based on the status of the patient. However, the clinically guided up-titration approach has been reported to be suboptimal in achieving target doses of evidenced-based therapies [58] [59] [60]. This of course limits the therapeutic effectiveness of these HF therapies. "
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    ABSTRACT: The B-type natriuretic peptides are now available on many automated clinical analysers. Clinical practice guidelines for heart failure include recommendations for where the B-type natriuretic peptides are possibly useful for clinical practice. A number of systematic reviews considering B-type natriuretic peptides in relation to heart failure patients have been published.Methods This review will consider the evidence presented in the systematic reviews and how this can be applied to clinical practice.ResultsTwenty-six systematic reviews are summarised in tables considering applications to diagnostic, prognostic and guiding therapy. Important clinical considerations for these applications are discussed to facilitate appropriate implementation in the clinical laboratory.Conclusion Most clinical laboratories should be considering the appropriate implementation of the B-type natriuretic peptide as a diagnostic test to assist in ruling out heart failure. In the application of prognosis and guiding therapy a number of questions remain to be answered.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Clinical Biochemistry
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    • "In clinical practice, dose titration of these drugs is usually driven by assessment of patients’ clinical and volume status. However, up-titration of medications in chronic HF remains suboptimal in clinical practice, with administered doses often lower than those utilized in clinical trials, preventing achievement of the full benefit of evidence-based therapies [5], [6]. Thus, development of strategies to enhance adherence to guidelines recommended doses of drugs would be much needed to reduce the burden of mortality and morbidity in chronic HF patients. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background The role of cardiac natriuretic peptides in the management of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether natriuretic peptide-guided therapy, compared to clinically-guided therapy, improves mortality and hospitalization rate in patients with chronic HF. Methodology/Principal Findings MEDLINE, Cochrane, ISI Web of Science and SCOPUS databases were searched for articles reporting natriuretic peptide-guided therapy in HF until August 2012. All randomized trials reporting clinical end-points (all-cause mortality and/or HF-related hospitalization and/or all-cause hospitalization) were included. Meta-analysis was performed to assess the influence of treatment on outcomes. Sensitivity analysis was performed to test the influence of potential effect modifiers and of each trial included in meta-analysis on results. Twelve trials enrolling 2,686 participants were included. Natriuretic peptide-guided therapy (either B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP]- or N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]-guided therapy) significantly reduced all-cause mortality (Odds Ratio [OR]:0.738; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]:0.596 to 0.913; p = 0.005) and HF-related hospitalization (OR:0.554; CI:0.399 to 0.769; p = 0.000), but not all-cause hospitalization (OR:0.803; CI:0.629 to 1.024; p = 0.077). When separately assessed, NT-proBNP-guided therapy significantly reduced all-cause mortality (OR:0.717; CI:0.563 to 0.914; p = 0.007) and HF-related hospitalization (OR:0.531; CI:0.347 to 0.811; p = 0.003), but not all-cause hospitalization (OR:0.779; CI:0.414 to 1.465; p = 0.438), whereas BNP-guided therapy did not significantly reduce all-cause mortality (OR:0.814; CI:0.518 to 1.279; p = 0.371), HF-related hospitalization (OR:0.599; CI:0.303 to 1.187; p = 0.142) or all-cause hospitalization (OR:0.726; CI:0.609 to 0.964; p = 0.077). Conclusions/Significance Use of cardiac peptides to guide pharmacologic therapy significantly reduces mortality and HF related hospitalization in patients with chronic HF. In particular, NT-proBNP-guided therapy reduced all-cause mortality and HF-related hospitalization but not all-cause hospitalization, whereas BNP-guided therapy did not significantly reduce both mortality and morbidity.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    • "Disease management programs can be effective in improving the outcomes of HF patients and are therefore advised in recent HF guidelines [5,6]. Since the introduction of those guidelines for both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of HF patients, more patients have been treated with evidence based medication, [7-9] and clinical outcomes of fewer cardiovascular hospitalizations have been observed [10]. However, healthcare providers still experience difficulties when implementing those guidelines in daily practice [11]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) can support guideline adherence in heart failure (HF) patients. However, the use of CDSSs is limited and barriers in working with CDSSs have been described as a major obstacle. It is unknown if barriers to CDSSs are present and differ between HF nurses and cardiologists. Therefore the aims of this study are; 1. Explore the type and number of perceived barriers of HF nurses and cardiologists to use a CDSS in the treatment of HF patients. 2. Explore possible differences in perceived barriers between two groups. 3. Assess the relevance and influence of knowledge management (KM) on Responsibility/Trust (R&T) and Barriers/Threats (B&T). Methods A questionnaire was developed including; B&T, R&T, and KM. For analyses, descriptive techniques, 2-tailed Pearson correlation tests, and multiple regression analyses were performed. Results The response- rate of 220 questionnaires was 74%. Barriers were found for cardiologists and HF nurses in all the constructs. Sixty-five percent did not want to be dependent on a CDSS. Nevertheless thirty-six percent of HF nurses and 50% of cardiologists stated that a CDSS can optimize HF medication. No relationship between constructs and age; gender; years of work experience; general computer experience and email/internet were observed. In the group of HF nurses a positive correlation (r .33, P<.01) between years of using the internet and R&T was found. In both groups KM was associated with the constructs B&T (B=.55, P=<.01) and R&T (B=.50, P=<.01). Conclusions Both cardiologists and HF-nurses perceived barriers in working with a CDSS in all of the examined constructs. KM has a strong positive correlation with perceived barriers, indicating that increasing knowledge about CDSSs can decrease their barriers.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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