Associations of body mass index with meniscal tears
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States American Journal of Preventive Medicine
(Impact Factor: 4.53).
05/2005; 28(4):364-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2005.01.013
Meniscal tears are common knee injuries, with limited reported data on associated factors, let alone risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine whether associations exist between increasing obesity and meniscal tears leading to surgery.
We performed frequency-matched case-control studies using surgical case data for years 1996 to 2000 from administrative databases of two large Utah hospitals; each case was matched with three controls from a large cancer screening trial. Meniscal tear cases (262 male and 282 female) were determined by surgical procedures. Inclusion criteria were age (50 to 79) and body mass index (BMI) (17.00 to 54.99 kg/m(2)). Gender-specific, age-adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for BMI categories from <20.00 to >/=40.00. The referent BMI category was 20.00 to 22.49.
Age-adjusted odds ratios for likelihood of meniscal surgery among those with a BMI of >/=40.00 were 15.0 (95% CI=3.8-59.0) for men, and 25.1 (95% CI=10.3-60.8) for women. All odds ratios for men and women with BMIs of >/=27.50 and >/=25.00, respectively, were statistically significantly elevated.
Significant associations were demonstrated between increasing BMI and meniscal surgeries in both genders, including obese and overweight adults.
Available from: Devdatta Neogi
- "A meniscal lesion has not only been associated with the presence of a degenerative knee, but BMI has also been shown as an independent risk factor for the development of meniscal tears [5, 25]. Menisci are believed to transmit more than half the load to the knee joint . Thus, there is a biomechanical relationship between BMI and meniscal tears . "
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Tears of the medial meniscus posterior root can lead to progressive arthritis, and its management has no consensus. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of supervised exercise therapy on patients with medial meniscus posterior root tears.
Materials and methods
Between January 2005 and May 2007, 37 patients with this tear verified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and osteoarthritis grade 1–2 by radiographic examination were treated by a short course of analgesics daily for up to 6 weeks and then as required during follow-up, as well as a 12-week supervised exercise program followed by a home exercise program. Final analysis was performed for 33 patients, average age 55.8 (range 50–62) years and average follow-up of 35 (range 26–49) months. Patients were followed up at 3, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter using the Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale, Tegner Activity Scale (TAS), and visual analog scale (VAS). The analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson’s correlation coefficient to determine the relationship between Lysholm score and body mass index (BMI).
Patients showed an improvement in Lysholm score, TAS, and VAS, which reached maximum in 6 months and later was accompanied by a decline. However, scores at the final follow-up were significantly better than the pretherapy scores. There was also a progression in arthritis as per Kellgren and Lawrence radiographic classification from median 1 preintervention to median 2 at the final follow-up. A correlation between BMI and Lysholm scores was seen (r = 0.47).
Supervised physical therapy with a short course of analgesics followed by a home-based program results in symptomatic and functional improvement over a short-term follow-up; however, osteoarthritis progression continues and is related to BMI.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "Osteoarthritis is a common condition related to overweight and obesity.10) Ford et al.11) reported a dose-response relationship between the BMI and meniscal surgery in middle-aged to older adults in both genders. Obesity is believed to increase the subchondral bony stiffness, transmitting more force to the overlying cartilage, suggesting a possible injury mechanism involving obesity.12,13) "
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ABSTRACT: The clinical and radiologic features of radial tears of the medial meniscus posterior horn were compared with those of horizontal tears.
From January 2007 to December 2008, 387 consecutive cases of medial meniscal tears were treated arthroscopically. Among these, 91 were radial tears in the medial meniscus posterior horn, and 95 were horizontal tears in the posterior segment of the medial meniscus. The patients' data (age, gender, duration of symptom, body mass index, and injury history), radiographic findings (Kellgren and Lawrence score, posterior tibial slope, and femorotibial angle), and chondral lesions were recorded.
The patient factors of age, gender, and body mass index were related to radial tears of the medial meniscus posterior horn. Radial tears were significantly correlated with Kellgren and Lawrence score, varus alignment, posterior tibial slope, and severity of the chondral lesion.
Radial tears of the medial meniscus posterior horn are a unique clinical entity that are associated with older age, females and obesity, and are strongly associated with an increased incidence and severity of cartilage degeneration compared to horizontal tears.
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ABSTRACT: To examine the associations between meniscal tear, knee structure, osteoarthritis (OA) risk factors, radiographic change, and symptoms in a largely non-osteoarthritic cohort.
This cross-sectional study included 294 subjects with mean age 47 (SD 6) years, body mass index (BMI) 28 (SD 5), and 58% were female. Meniscal tear, knee cartilage defect score, quantitative tibial and femoral cartilage volume, and tibial plateau bone area were determined using T1-weighted fat saturated magnetic resonance images.
In multivariable analysis, prevalence of meniscal tear was significantly associated with age (OR 1.06 to 1.12/year, all p < 0.05), BMI (OR 1.06 to 1.11/kg/m(2), all p < 0.05 with the exception of the lateral anterior horn), sex (women vs men: OR 4.14 to 4.23, p < 0.01 at the medial and lateral meniscal body site), and family history of OA (OR 1.97 to 2.01, p < 0.05 at the lateral meniscal anterior and posterior horns). Meniscal tear was associated with a higher tibiofemoral cartilage defect score at lateral body and all medial sites, lower tibial and femoral cartilage volume at the lateral compartment, markedly higher prevalent radiographic OA at medial compartment, and greater tibial bone area. Moreover, meniscal tear at the lateral posterior and anterior horns was significantly associated with WOMAC pain, stiffness, and function scores.
Meniscal tear at specific sites shares risk factors with knee OA. Importantly, meniscal tear is associated with cartilage defect, loss of cartilage volume, alteration in bone size, and prevalence of radiographic OA, suggesting that meniscal tear in non-OA subjects appears to be an early event in the disease process, and may be a risk factor for knee cartilage damage and articular structural changes.
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