Analysis of prothrombotic mutations and polymorphisms in children who developed thrombosis in the perioperative period of congenital cardiac surgery
In this study, we investigated some of the prothrombothic mutations and polymorphisms in 15 children with congenital cardiac malformations who developed severe thrombosis in the perioperative period following surgical repair. The mutations and polymorphisms included in the study were Factor V Leiden, prothrombin G20210A, methylentetrahydrofolate reductase C677T, endothelial nitric oxide synthase intron 4 VNTR, alpha-fibrinogen Thr312Ala, Factor XIII Val34Leu, and insertion or deletion of angiotensin 1 converting enzyme. Compared to the healthy Turkish subjects, our patients had a similar rate of mutation of Factor V Leiden, Factor XIII Val34Leu, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase a/b polymorphisms, but higher frequency of the prothrombotic angiotensin 1 converting enzyme deletion/deletion genotype, and lower frequency of the antithrombotic alpha fibrinogen Thr/Thr genotype. None of the patients exhibited mutations involving prothrombin G20210A or methylentetrahydrofolate reductase C677T. The results of our study suggest that, in addition to prothrombotic mutations such as Factor V Leiden, single-nucleotide polymorphisms should be considered in all children with congenital cardiac malformations who develop thrombosis.