• Source
    • "The significance of the King et al. (2005) study is heightened by the reality that the participants all suffered from diseases such as cancer and HIV. King and her colleagues found that individuals struggling with these incurable diseases were often misled about the difference between research, which is intended to produce knowledge, and therapeutic treatment, which is intended to produce a cure or alleviate symptoms. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mapping of the human genome and scientific discoveries regarding genetic contribu - tions to disease hold great promise for the prevention and treatment of an array of conditions. Social workers and other professionals must keep abreast of these developments and the ethi - cal dimensions of such progress. Familiar ethical provisions such as confidentiality, informed consent, self-determination, and social justice take on new meaning in light of innovations in genetic science. This article reviews ethical issues and practice implications emerging from advances in genetics knowledge, and it suggests mechanisms for continuing professional devel - opment and involvement in this important area. ETHICS
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · Families in society: the journal of contemporary human services
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To date, ethics discussions about stem cell research overwhelmingly have centered on the morality and acceptability of using human embryonic stem cells. Governments in many jurisdictions have now answered these “first-level questions” and many have now begun to address ethical issues related to the donation of cells, gametes, or embryos for research. In this commentary, we move beyond these ethical concerns to discuss new themes that scientists on the forefront of NRM development anticipate, providing a preliminary framework for further discussion between scientists and ethicists. Fostering strong partnerships between neuroscientists and ethicists that operate and collaborate within this evolving framework will maximize the translation of NRM discoveries on the brain into cures that are safe and address the needs of science and society.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Neuroethics
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Scientific progress in human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research and increased funding make it imperative to look ahead to the ethical issues generated by the expected use of hESCs for transplantation. Several issues should be addressed now, even though phase I clinical trials of hESC transplantation are still in the future. To minimize the risk of hESC transplantation, donors of materials used to derive hESC lines will need to be recontacted to update their medical history and screening. Because of privacy concerns, such recontact needs to be discussed and agreed to at the time of donation, before new hESC lines are derived. Informed consent for phase I clinical trials of hESC transplantation also raises ethical concerns. In previous phase I trials of highly innovative interventions, allegations that trial participants had not really understood the risk and benefits caused delays in subsequent trials. Thus, researchers should consider what information needs to be discussed during the consent process for hESC clinical trials and how to verify that participants have a realistic understanding of the study. Lack of attention to the special ethical concerns raised by clinical trials of hESC transplantation and their implications for the derivation of new hESC lines may undermine or delay progress toward stem cell therapies.
    Full-text · Article · · Stem Cells
Show more