Article

Prospective Longitudinal Associations Between Persistent Sleep Problems in Childhood and Anxiety and Depression Disorders in Adulthood

University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.48). 05/2005; 33(2):157-63. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-005-1824-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to examine the associations between persistent childhood sleep problems and adulthood anxiety and depression. Parents of 943 children (52% male) participating in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study provided information on their children's sleep and internalizing problems at ages 5, 7, and 9 years. When the participants were 21 and 26 years, adult anxiety and depression were diagnosed using a standardized diagnostic interview. After controlling for childhood internalizing problems, sex, and socioeconomic status, persistent sleep problems in childhood predicted adulthood anxiety disorders (OR (95% CI) = 1.60 (1.05-2.45), p = .030) but not depressive disorders (OR (95% CI) = .99 (.63-1.56), p = .959). Persistent sleep problems in childhood may be an early risk indicator of anxiety in adulthood.

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    • "The mean level of family conflict at 7–15 years of age also predicted insomnia at 18 years of age after controlling for sex, socioeconomic status, sleep problems at nine years, and self-reported health[31]. However, it should be noted that these studies2728293031did not provide a specific definition of " sleep problems " . Sleep problems were identified based on answers to general non-specific questions. "
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    ABSTRACT: There is a wealth of evidence that disrupted sleep and circadian rhythms, which are common in modern society even during the early stages of life, have unfavorable effects on brain function. Altered brain function can cause problem behaviors later in life, such as truancy from or dropping out of school, quitting employment, and committing suicide. In this review, we discuss findings from several large cohort studies together with recent results of a cohort study using the marshmallow test, which was first introduced in the 1960s. This test assessed the ability of four-year-olds to delay gratification and showed how this ability correlated with success later in life. The role of the serotonergic system in sleep and how this role changes with age are also discussed. The serotonergic system is involved in reward processing and interactions with the dorsal striatum, ventral striatum, and the prefrontal cortex are thought to comprise the neural basis for behavioral patterns that are affected by the quantity, quality, and timing of sleep early in life.
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    • "Family systems are dynamic, with reciprocal interactions that could have impact in child sleep, as well as child sleep problems can lead to family conflicts [13]. Not least important is the role of children's sleeping disorders in their mental health in adulthood [14]. The high prevalence of sleep problems, their negative implications for children and family and the success of educational interventions emphasize the need for early screening of Sleep Disorders [15]. "
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    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Sleep Science
    • "Of note, patterns vary between samples investigated (Alfano et al., 2009; Gregory & Eley, 2005) – and further research is necessary before conclusions about specificity can be drawn. Longitudinal studies between sleep disturbances and anxiety have reported that certain early sleep problems (conceptualised in different studies in different ways) can forecast anxiety symptoms or disorders in later childhood (Jansen et al., 2011; Shanahan, Copeland, Angold, Bondy, & Costello, 2014) and even adulthood (Gregory et al., 2005). As with the depression literature, bidirectional associations have been reported (Kelly & El-Sheikh, 2014; Shanahan et al., 2014), although there is also some evidence that sleep disturbances are more predictive of later anxiety than vice versa (Jansen et al., 2011; "
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