Waters BM, Jensen L, Fedorak RN. Effects of formal education for patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a randomized controlled trial
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) suffer physical dysfunction and impaired quality of life (QOL), and need frequent health care. They often lack knowledge about their disease and desire more education. Educational interventions for other chronic diseases have demonstrated reduced health care use and increased knowledge, medication adherence and QOL.
Sixty-nine participants were randomly assigned to formal IBD education and standard of care (pamphlets and ad hoc physician education) or standard of care alone. Assessment of IBD knowledge and QOL occurred at baseline, immediately posteducation and eight weeks posteducation. Participants documented medication adherence and health care use in diaries. Patient satisfaction was assessed at the end of the study.
The education group had higher knowledge scores (P=0.000), perceived knowledge ratings (P=0.01) and patient satisfaction (P=0.001). There was a lower rate of medication nonadherence and health care use for the education group, but the differences were not significant. QOL indices did not change. Significant correlations were found for increased health care use in patients with poorer medication adherence (P=0.01) and lower perceived health (P=0.05).
Formal IBD patient education improves knowledge, perceived knowledge and patient satisfaction. Further study of long-term effects may better demonstrate potential benefits for QOL, medication adherence and health care use.
Available from: Stanton Newman
- "Only where there are no differences found between the two disease groups is it then justified in analyzing them together as one IBD group. In the studies reviewed, only 6 of the 14 studies that combined these two populations report separate analyses (Borgaonkar et al., 2004; Mussel et al., 2003; Oxelmark et al., 2007; Schwarz & Blanchard, 1991; Smith et al., 2002; Waters et al., 2005). Of the two, better outcomes were found in the CD group (Schwarz & Blanchard, 1991; Smith et al., 2002), suggesting that with some interventions, patients in the two disease groups may respond differently. "
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine self-management and educational interventions developed to support people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to identify which type of intervention seems to be most effective. The search was deliberately overinclusive to capture studies that evaluated educational and self-management interventions. The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the National Research Register, and Cochrane. Twenty-three studies were included. Thirteen of these were randomized controlled trials. The content of the interventions reviewed varied widely. As expected, it is the three studies that have explicitly labeled themselves as self-management interventions that have incorporated the greatest number of self-management techniques. Two of these studies reported the greatest number of improved outcomes in relation to symptom reporting, psychological well-being, and healthcare resource use. There is clearly a role for information in IBD, but this review supports research in other conditions that shows that education cannot be assumed to lead to improvements in health and well-being. Much of the research in this area focuses on education rather than self-management. Where self-management techniques have been applied, the findings tend to be more promising. Gastroenterology nurses (or in the United Kingdom, IBD specialist nurses) may be best placed to facilitate self-management in this group.
Available from: Hans Christian Deter
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ABSTRACT: Background: Few published studies examine the influence of psychological treatment on health care utilization in Crohn's disease.Methods: The present substudy of a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial conducted in 69 of 488 consecutive Crohn's disease (CD) patients was designed to investigate the way in which healthcare utilization is influenced by psychotherapy and relaxation in addition to standardized glucocorticoid therapy. Before and after a 1-year period of standardized somatic treatment the psychotherapy and control groups were compared with regard to hospital and sick-leave days. Predictors of healthcare utilization were analyzed.Results: The comparison between groups before and after psychological treatment showed a significantly higher decrease of mean hospital days (P < 0.03) and sick-leave days in the treatment group compared with the controls. When a covariate analysis was applied to compare the data at randomization, the difference in hospital days remained statistically a trend (P < 0.1). Multivariate regression analysis detected a significant gender and depression effect for hospital days (cor r2 = 0.114) and a significant gender and age effect for sick-leave days (cor r2 = 0.112).Conclusion: A significant drop in healthcare utilization after psychological treatment demonstrates a clear benefit of this additional therapy. This is important, since the study failed to demonstrate significant changes in the psychosocial status or somatic course of study patients. Clinical and psychological factors influencing these outcomes are discussed.(Inflamm Bowel Dis 2007)
Available from: Jörn von Wietersheim
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ABSTRACT: Two distinct factors have lead in the past to the development of several psychotherapeutic treatments for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). First, clinicians and researchers believe that psychologic and somatic factors in chronic IBD, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis) are connected. In addition, IBD reduces the health-related quality of life for these patients. The purpose of the psychotherapies is to influence the somatic course of the disease, the psychological state of the patients, or the patients' health related quality of life. This report evaluates the existing studies with regard to the effectiveness of psychotherapy IBD patients received in addition to medical treatment. We have identified 10 psychotherapy studies and 4 additional studies on self management and patient education on this topic. The studies significantly differ from each other in regard to psychotherapeutic methods, inclusion criteria, and outcome assessments. The results so far lead to the conclusion that psychotherapy does not have an impact on the course of the disease but, in some cases, positively influences the patient's psychologic state (such as depression, anxiety, and health related quality of life or coping with the disease). Thus, psychotherapy cannot, in general, be recommended for all patients with chronic IBD. Patients, however, that display a tendency toward psychologic problems, especially as it pertains to their illness, might profit from it.
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