Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) persists in continental North America

Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, 159 Sapsucker Woods Road, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA.
Science (Impact Factor: 33.61). 07/2005; 308(5727):1460-2. DOI: 10.1126/science.1114103
Source: PubMed


The ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis), long suspected to be extinct, has been rediscovered in the Big Woods region of eastern Arkansas. Visual encounters during
2004 and 2005, and analysis of a video clip from April 2004, confirm the existence of at least one male. Acoustic signatures
consistent with Campephilus display drums also have been heard from the region. Extensive efforts to find birds away from the primary encounter site
remain unsuccessful, but potential habitat for a thinly distributed source population is vast (over 220,000 hectares).

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    • "This methodology is adapted to identify some groups of species like baleen whales (Mellinger and Clark, 1997) or bats (Henriquez et al., 2014), to monitor acoustic habitats at large spatio-temporal scales in terrestrial and marine environments (Boebel et al., 2006;Mason et al., 2008;Qi et al., 2008;André et al., 2011;Gage et al., 2015;Merchant et al., 2015), and to be a part of the species and habitat conservation strategies. For instance, passive acoustic recording has been used in South Carolina byMoskwik et al. (2013)to search for the ivory-billed woodpeckers (Campephilus principalis), which is considered critically endangered or possibly extinct, and is a species living in old growth forests of the southeastern United States (Fitzpatrick et al., 2005;Bird Life International, 2013). A real-time bioacoustics-monitoring project with automated species identification has been proposed byAide et al. (2013)with the use of cellphone technologies to transmit and successively identify species. "
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    • "RemaRks: There has been much discussion in the rediscovery of this species in eastern Arkansas (see Fitzpatrick et al. 2005, 2006a,b, 2007, Hill et al. 2006, Jackson 2006, Sibley et al. 2006, 2007, Lynch 2011). Greenway (1958) mentioned only 11 museums worldwide, excluding La Châtre, housing specimens of this species. "
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