Free vascularised iliac crest graft: An audit of 26 consecutive cases

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guy's Hospital Tower, London SE1 9 RT, UK.
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.08). 07/2005; 43(3):210-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2004.11.015
Source: PubMed


Over an 18 month period 26 vascularised myo-osseus, and one myo-osseus-cutaneous iliac crest flaps were used to reconstruct 18 mandibular and eight maxillary defects. During the operation one flap failed to reperfuse and was removed. Postoperatively three patients were returned to theatre for appraisal and reanastomoses, which in two cases involved thrombolysis. In all three salvage was deemed successful but in all there was partial muscle necrosis. There were 10 cases of anaesthesia of the skin supplied by the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh, three incisional hernias, one wound dehiscence in the thigh, two oronasal fistulas, one wound dehiscence in the neck, one infection by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the thigh, and two long-term and one medium-term disturbances of gait. Complications were graded as severe (4%), intermediate (27%), and minor (46%).

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