Virtual Blood Banking A 7-Year Experience

Department of Pathology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.51). 07/2005; 124(1):124-8. DOI: 10.1309/13CUJ61YRB50B1CT
Source: PubMed


The operating theater blood transaction system (OTBTS) is a virtual blood banking system that allows computer crossmatch-compatible blood ordering and delivery in the operating theater remote from the hospital blood bank. It was developed and implemented in our hospital in 1997 and was expanded in 2002 to include an unmatched blood module that allows ordering and issuing unmatched RBCs for intraoperative transfusion. During the past 7 years, the system has handled 6,333 crossmatch requests for intraoperative transfusion and issued 20,073 units of RBCs, including 100 units of unmatched RBCs (group O, 72 units; group-identical, 28 units). The OTBTS has proven to be efficient (with a turnaround time for blood ordering and issuing < 30 seconds), effective (with a reduced crossmatch/transfusion ratio and blood wastage), and error free (no delay or error in transfusion or postponement of operation). Furthermore, our experience with the unmatched blood module has attested to the safety and efficacy of computer-controlled, online ordering and real-time, on-site delivery of unmatched RBCs for emergency transfusion.

    • "Some systems can release group O blood for unmatched transfusion.[6] Our group has pioneered the provision of group-identical unmatched blood for intraoperative transfusion during dire emergency.[4] Group O blood will be issued if the blood group of the recipient is not yet known. "
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    ABSTRACT: Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood component identification and to enhance personnel traceability and system security. The built-in logics and process constraints in the design of the virtual blood bank can guide the selection of appropriate blood and minimize transfusion risk. The quality of blood inventory is ascertained and monitored, and an audit trail for critical procedures in the transfusion process is provided by the paperless system. Thus, the virtual blood bank can help ensure that the right patient receives the right amount of the right blood component at the right time.
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    • "While most blood within hospitals is housed within the blood bank, at some sites blood products may also be stored throughout the hospital (e.g. in operating rooms or the emergency department) to be made available in emergent situations. Such remote refrigerators have been shown to facilitate “virtual blood banking” with “elf-service” ordering and electronic remote blood issue (ERBI).[2122] ERBI has been shown to help reduce the time it takes to make blood available for surgical patients, decreases the workload of both blood bank and clinical staff, and improves the efficiency (e.g. "
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    ABSTRACT: The Transfusion Medicine Service (TMS) covers diverse clinical and laboratory-based services that must be delivered with accuracy, efficiency and reliability. TMS oversight is shared by multiple regulatory agencies that cover product manufacturing and validation standards geared toward patient safety. These demands present significant informatics challenges. Over the past few decades, TMS information systems have improved to better handle blood product manufacturing, inventory, delivery, tracking and documentation. Audit trails and access to electronic databases have greatly facilitated product traceability and biovigilance efforts. Modern blood bank computing has enabled novel applications such as the electronic crossmatch, kiosk-based blood product delivery systems, and self-administered computerized blood donor interview and eligibility determination. With increasing use of barcoding technology, there has been a marked improvement in patient and specimen identification. Moreover, the emergence of national and international labeling standards such as ISBT 128 have facilitated the availability, movement and tracking of blood products across national and international boundaries. TMS has only recently begun to leverage the electronic medical record to address quality issues in transfusion practice and promote standardized documentation within institutions. With improved technology, future growth is expected in blood bank automation and product labeling with applications such as radio frequency identification devices. This article reviews several of these key informatics issues relevant to the contemporary practice of TMS.
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