Education as a Determinant of Career Retention and Job Satisfaction Among Registered Nurses

College of Nursing & Health Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.
Journal of Nursing Scholarship (Impact Factor: 1.64). 02/2005; 37(2):185-92. DOI: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2005.00031.x
Source: PubMed


To compare job satisfaction and career retention in two cohorts of RNs, those whose highest degrees were the associate degree (AD) or the bachelor's degree (BS) in nursing.
Instruments included a career satisfaction scale and questions based on the ongoing U.S. Health and Retirement Survey. Three-thousand nurses in the U.S. state of Vermont were surveyed with a resulting response rate of 56.7%. Of these respondents, 878 RNs fit the study criteria.
BS RNs started their nursing careers earlier, were employed longer, had held more positions, and in the largest age cohort (age 40-54), were more likely to have been in their current positions at least 10 years. BS RNs scored significantly higher in job satisfaction related to: (a) opportunity for autonomy and growth, (b) job stress and physical demands, and (c) job and organizational security. AD and BS nurses were not significantly different in their satisfaction with supervision; career, continuing education, and promotion opportunities; or pay and benefits.
These findings indicate support of bachelor's level education for individual and social return on investment, and they show that AD education might have unintended consequences. Implications for the nursing shortage and educational policy are discussed.

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Available from: Betty Rambur, Nov 07, 2014
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    • "It is an emotional state of individuals that is enhanced by achieving desired results at work [14] and the feeling of belonging to an efficiently functioning work community [15-19]. Job satisfaction is also influenced by working conditions [19,20], internal factors in the workplace, as well as employee attitudes and behaviour [10,21]. "
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    • "Consistent with the findings of Dunn et al. (2005), there was no statistically significant difference between nurses with diplomas and those with Bachelor's degrees in mean total job satisfaction scores. However , some studies have found a positive association between nurses' educational level and job satisfaction (Ingersoll et al. 2002, Monjamed et al. 2004, Rambur et al. 2005, Mogharab et al. 2006, AL-Hussami 2008) and others have reported a negative association (Battu et al. 2000, Robinson et al. 2006). A possible explanation for this study's findings may be that there is not much difference between the salary structures of the two groups of nurses in some hospitals in Iran. "
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