Advances in skeletal tissue engineering with hydrogels

ArticleinOrthodontics and Craniofacial Research 8(3):150-61 · September 2005with9 Reads
Impact Factor: 1.06 · DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-6343.2005.00335.x · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Tissue engineering has the potential to make a significant impact on improving tissue repair in the craniofacial system. The general strategy for tissue engineering includes seeding cells on a biomaterial scaffold. The number of scaffold and cell choices for tissue engineering systems is continually increasing and will be reviewed.
    Multilayered hydrogel systems were developed to coculture different cell types and develop osteochondral tissues for applications including the temporomandibular joint.
    Hydrogels are one form of scaffold that can be applied to cartilage and bone repair using fully differentiated cells, adult and embryonic stem cells.
    Case studies represent an overview of our laboratory's investigations.
    Bilayered scaffolds to promote tissue development and the formation of more complex osteochondral tissues were developed and proved to be effective.
    Tissue engineering provides a venue to investigate tissue development of mutant or diseased cells and potential therapeutics.