Prognostic impact ofBRCA1 pathogenic andBRCA1/BRCA2 unclassified variant mutations in patients with ovarian carcinoma

Leiden University, Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.89). 09/2005; 104(5):1004-12. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.21276
Source: PubMed


The clinical relevance of BRCA1/2 alterations in ovarian carcinoma patients is debatable. Our aim was to determine factors influencing the risk of recurrence and death in ovarian carcinoma patients with BRCA pathogenic and unclassified variant mutations.
A consecutive series of 205 women with primary ovarian carcinoma were screened for mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes using a conformational sensitive gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing. Data regarding medical and familial history were collected using questionnaires. Clinical and pathologic data were extracted from medical records.
Unclassified variant mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes were found in 16 (8%) patients, and BRCA1 pathogenic mutations were found in 18 (9%) patients. No pathogenic mutation was found in BRCA2 gene. Multivariate analysis showed that BRCA1 pathogenic mutation was an independent predictor of reduced risk of relapse and death (Hazard ratios [HR] 0.52 [confidence interval {CI} 0.28-0.98] and 0.38 [CI 0.10-0.96], respectively). Unclassified variant mutation did not affect recurrence and survival (HR 0.84 [CI 0.43-1.66] and 0.94 [CI 0.48-1.82], respectively). Other factors associated with reduced risk of relapse and death were complete pathologic remission at second-look laparotomy and family history of breast and ovarian carcinoma, respectively. Recurrence and death outcomes among unclassified variant mutation carriers did not differ significantly from those in sporadic cases.
Patients with BRCA1 pathogenic mutation seem to have reduced risk of recurrence and death. These results should be interpreted with caution as they may be influenced by more intensive treatment, better response to cisplatin, and younger age of mutation carriers. Clinical relevance of BRCA1/2 unclassified variant mutations warrants further studies.

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Available from: Jacek Jassem, Feb 02, 2015
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    • "The BRCA1 protein combines with numerous proteins to regulate transcription , chromatin remodelling, ubiquitination and repair of doublestrand DNA breaks induced by DNA crosslinking agents, radiation or other exposures and events via homologous recombination (Tutt and Ashworth, 2002; Venkitaraman 2002; Yoshida and Miki, 2004; Weberpals et al, 2009). Given the various ways that BRCA1 protein expression can be altered in cancers, there is accumulating interest in the contribution of BRCA1 dysfunction on the pathogenesis of EOC and sensitivity to chemotherapy (Cass et al, 2003; Majdak et al, 2005; Wilcox et al, 2005; Chetrit et al, 2008). There are data to suggest that patients with reduced BRCA1 expression may have improved survival after platinum-based (or DNA damage-based) chemotherapy, yet reduced response to taxane-based (antimicrotubule) therapy (Foulkes, 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Breast cancer 1, early onset (BRCA1) is a tumour-suppressor gene associated with familial epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Reduced BRCA1 expression is associated with enhanced sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. We sought to examine the prognostic relevance of BRCA1 expression in EOC patients treated with intraperitoneal platinum/taxane. Methods: The GOG-172 was a phase III, multi-institutional randomised trial of intravenous paclitaxel and cisplatin (IV therapy) vs intravenous paclitaxel, intraperitoneal cisplatin plus paclitaxel (IP therapy) in patients with optimally resected stage III EOC. The BRCA1 expression was assessed with immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining blinded to clinical outcome in archival tumour specimens. Slides with ⩽10% staining were defined as aberrant and >10% as normal. Correlations between BRCA1 expression and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analysed using Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression analysis. Results: Of the 393 patients, 189 tumours had aberrant expression, and 204 had normal BRCA1 expression. There was an interaction between BRCA1 expression and route of administration on OS (P=0.014) but not PFS (P=0.054). In tumours with normal BRCA1 expression, the median OS was 58 months for IP group vs 50 months for IV group (P=0.818). In tumours with aberrant BRCA1 expression, the median OS was 84 vs 47 months in the IP vs IV group, respectively (P=0.0002). Aberrant BRCA1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for better survival in women randomised to IP therapy (hazard ratio (HR)=0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.47–0.97, P=0.032). Similar survival was observed in the IV and IP patients with normal BRCA1 expression. Multivariate but not univariate modelling demonstrated that IV patients with aberrant vs normal BRCA1 expression had worse survival. Conclusion: Decreased BRCA1 expression is associated with a 36-month survival improvement in patients with EOC treated with IP chemotherapy. Although these results merit validation in future studies, the results suggest that decreased BRCA1 expression predicts for improved response to cisplatin-based IP chemotherapy with cisplatin and paclitaxel.
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    ABSTRACT: Thrall M, Gallion HH, Kryscio R, Kapali M, Armstrong DK, Deloia JA. BRCA1 expression in a large series of sporadic ovarian carcinomas: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. Int J Gynecol Cancer 2006;16(Suppl. 1):166–171. BRCA1 is a tumor suppressor gene that, when mutated, is associated with the development of hereditary ovarian cancer. A role for BRCA1 in the pathoetiology of sporadic ovarian epithelial cancer (OEC) development has been suggested, although spontaneous mutations of the BRCA1 gene in this disease are uncommon. Loss of gene function by epigenetic alteration is observed more commonly, while other means of gene inactivation have not been intensively investigated. We examined expression and localization of the BRCA1 gene product by immunohistochemistry and sought to clarify the relationship between protein expression and tumor stage, grade, histopathologic subtype, and outcome. Among 230 spontaneous OEC tumors, we found a statistically significant decrease in BRCA1 protein expression with advancing stages of OEC. There was no relationship between expression and tumor grade. There was a statistically significant relationship between the pathologic subtypes of OEC and BRCA1 expression. Minimal BRCA1 expression was protective for survival. These findings confirm a high rate of loss of BRCA1 protein expression in sporadic OEC and suggest a role of BRCA1 in the progression of sporadic ovarian carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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