Open-Label Study of Pemetrexed Alone or in Combination with Cisplatin for the Treatment of Patients with Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Outcomes of an Expanded Access Program

Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Clinical Lung Cancer (Impact Factor: 3.1). 07/2005; 7(1):40-6. DOI: 10.3816/CLC.2005.n.020
Source: PubMed


To date, few large studies have been reported of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma, and treatment of this disease has been largely extrapolated from the treatment of pleural disease. Hence, it was considered important to study and report on this specific patient population. Before the regulatory approval of pemetrexed, an expanded access program (EAP) provided access to eligible patients with malignant pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma.
Patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 alone or in combination with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 once every 21 days for > or = 6 cycles. All patients received folic acid, vitamin B12, and steroid prophylaxis. Serious adverse events (SAEs) were compiled in a pharmacovigilance database, which included all patients in the EAP with pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma. From June 12, 2002 to February 18, 2004, 1056 patients with malignant mesothelioma were enrolled and received > or = 1 dose of treatment at 462 sites in the United States. Of these patients, 98 (9.3%) had peritoneal mesothelioma (57 previously treated, 38 chemotherapy-naive, and 3 with missing data).
Response data were available for 73 patients (43 previously treated, 28 chemotherapy-naive, and 2 not classified), indicating response rates of 23.3% for previously treated patients (0 complete responses [CRs], 10 partial responses [PRs], 21 cases of stable disease [SDs], 12 cases of progressive disease [PDs]) and 25% for chemotherapy-naive patients (3 CRs, 4 PRs, 12 SDs, and 9 PDs). Median survival was 13.1 months for previously treated patients and has not been reached for chemotherapy-naive patients. The most commonly reported SAEs for the total EAP were dehydration (7.2%), nausea (5.2%), and vomiting (4.9%).
Pemetrexed with or without cisplatin had a favorable safety profile, and the disease control rate (CR + PR + SD) of 71.2% in the subset of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma indicated activity in this patient population.

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    • "About 71.2% of the disease control rate reported which includes partial responses or stable disease. Complete responses are not reported from this chemotherapy.33 Other regimens like Vinorelbine and Gemcitabine, either alone or combined with platinum compounds are also used for unresectable disease.32 "
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) is a rare but rapidly fatal and aggressive tumor of the pleura and peritoneum with limited knowledge of its natural history. The incidence has increased in the past two decades but still it is a rare tumor. Etiology of all forms of mesothelioma is strongly associated with industrial pollutants, of which asbestos is the principal carcinogen. Mesothelioma is an insidious neoplasm arising from mesothelial surfaces i.e., pleura (65%-70%), peritoneum (30%), tunica vaginalis testis, and pericardium (1%-2%). The diagnosis of peritoneal and Pleural mesothelioma is often delayed, due to a long latent period between onset and symptoms and the common and nonspecific clinical presentation. The definite diagnosis can only be established by diagnostic laparoscopy or open surgery along with biopsy to obtain histological examination and immunocytochemical analysis. Different treatment options are available but Surgery can achieve a complete or incomplete resection and Radical resection is the preferred treatment. Chemotherapy has an important role in palliative treatment. Photodynamic therapy is also an option under trial. Patients who successfully underwent surgical resection had a considerably longer median survival as well as a significantly higher 5-year survival. Source of Data/Study Selection: The data were collected from case reports, cross-sectional studies, Open-label studies and phase –II trials between 1973-2012. Data Extraction: Web sites and other online resources of American college of surgeons, Medline, NCBI and Medscape resource centers were used to extract data. Conclusion: Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) is a rare but rapidly fatal and aggressive tumor with limited knowledge of its natural history. The diagnosis of peritoneal and Pleural mesothelioma is often delayed, so level of index of suspicion must be kept high.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Online
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    • "Although carboplatin has been shown to be less effective than cisplatin in other malignancies like Non Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) [6], when cisplatin is contraindicated for comorbidities, it may be replaced by carboplatin; moreover several phase I and II trials where carboplatin was combined with pemetrexed or gemcitabine in malignant mesothelioma have given interesting results [7-9]. Due to similar histologic features, treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma has followed the same recommendations [10,11]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Although first-line therapy for patients affected by advanced mesothelioma is well established, there is a lack of data regarding the impact of second-line treatment. Methods We retrospectively collected data of patients affected by advanced mesothelioma, already treated with first-line therapy based on pemetrexed and platin, with a response (partial response or stable disease) lasting at least 6 months, and re-treated with a pemetrexed-based therapy at progression. The primary objective was to describe time to progression and overall survival after re-treatment. Results Overall across several Italian oncological Institutions we found 30 patients affected by advanced mesothelioma, in progression after a 6-month lasting clinical benefit following a first-line treatment with cisplatin and pemetrexed, and re-challenged with a pemetrexed-based therapy. In these patients we found a disease control rate of 66%, with reduction of pain in 43% of patients. Overall time to progression and survival were promising for a second-line setting of patients with advanced mesothelioma, being 5.1 and 13.6 months, respectively. Conclusions In our opinion, when a patient has a long-lasting benefit from previous treatment with pemetrexed combined with a platin compound, the same treatment should be offered at progression.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · BMC Research Notes
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    • "In vitro studies have shown that pemetrexed inhibits thymidylate synthase, dihydrofolate reductase, and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase, all folate-dependent enzymes involved in the de novo biosynthesis of thymidine and purine nucleotides [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51]. Pemetrexed has demonstrated activity in multiple tumor types including mesothelioma , non-small cell lung cancer, breast, colorectal, pancreas, bladder, head and neck cancers [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58]. Pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin is indicated for the treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma whose disease is unresectable or who are otherwise not candidates for curative surgery. "
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate the anti-tumor activity of pemetrexed in patients with advanced or recurrent carcinoma of the cervix that failed on higher priority treatment protocols and to determine the nature and degree of toxicity. A multicenter Phase II trial was conducted by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG). Patients must have had advanced or recurrent measurable carcinoma of the cervix, and failed one prior chemotherapy regimen. Pemetrexed at a dose of 900 mg/m(2) was to be administered as an IV infusion over 10 min every 21 days. From July 6, 2004 to April 3, 2006, twenty-nine patients were entered by ten member institutions of the GOG. Two patients did not receive treatment and thus were inevaluable. A total of 128 cycles were administered with 37% of patients receiving six or more cycles. The treatment was well tolerated overall. More serious toxicities (grade 3 and 4) included anemia in 41%, leukopenia in 30%, neutropenia in 26%, and infection in 26%. No treatment related deaths were reported. Four patients (15%) had partial responses with a median response duration of 4.4 months. The response rate for non-radiated or radiated disease sites was 25% and 7% respectively. Sixteen patients (59%) had stable disease and seven (26%) patients had increasing disease. Median progression free survival (PFS) was 3.1 months and overall survival (OS) was 7.4 months. Pemetrexed at this dose and schedule showed moderate activity against advanced or recurrent cervical cancer that has failed prior chemotherapy. Data from other tumor sites has suggested synergy between pemetrexed and cisplatin and should be considered for further study.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Gynecologic Oncology
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