The Effects of Femoral Nerve Blockade in Conjunction with Epidural Analgesia After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cornell University, Итак, New York, United States
Anesthesia & Analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.47). 09/2005; 101(3):891-5, table of contents. DOI: 10.1213/01.ANE.0000159150.79908.21
Source: PubMed


Either epidural analgesia or femoral nerve blockade improves analgesia and rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. No study has evaluated the combination of femoral nerve blockade and epidural analgesia. In this prospective, randomized, blinded study we investigated combining femoral nerve blockade with epidural analgesia. Forty-one patients received a single-injection femoral nerve block with 0.375% bupivacaine and 5 microg/mL epinephrine; 39 patients served as controls. All patients received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and patient-controlled epidural analgesia with 0.06% bupivacaine and 10 microg/mL hydromorphone. Average duration of epidural analgesia was 2 days. All patients received the same standardized physical therapy intervention. Median visual analog scale (VAS) scores with physical therapy were significantly lower for 2 days among patients who received a femoral nerve block versus controls: 3 versus 4 (day 1), 2.5 versus 4 (day 2); P < 0.05. Median VAS pain scores at rest were 0 in both groups on days 1 and 2. Flexion range of motion was improved on postoperative day 2 (70 degrees versus 63 degrees ; P < 0.05). No peripheral neuropathies occurred. We conclude that the addition of femoral nerve blockade to epidural analgesia significantly improved analgesia for the first 2 days after total knee arthroplasty.

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Available from: Jacques T YaDeau, Oct 01, 2015
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    • "In addition to anesthesia, postoperative pain management can be preemptively performed via PCEA well before the patient feels pain after the surgery.11,12 Numerous studies using epidural analgesia have demonstrated effective analgesia both at rest and upon movement as a single mode of pain management regimen;12,13 however, in our institution, we have frequently noticed inadequate pain relief with PCEA alone, especially on POD 1 when the pain has the highest intensity, and breakthrough rescue analgesic agents, usually intravenous opioids, were often required in order to alleviate intolerable pain. In this regard, it is unclear whether epidural analgesia alone is sufficient to provide complete pain control on POD 1. "
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