Analysis: Effects of temperature on blood glucose readings

Diabetes Care, BD Medical, 1 Becton Drive-MC 380, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417-1883, USA.
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 2.11). 09/2005; 7(4):602-3. DOI: 10.1089/dia.2005.7.602
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive literature search in multiple databases yielded 2926 hits for the search terms thermometry and thermography. Therefore, this literature survey is based only on publications listed in the databases Embase and Medline between 1.1.2005 and 31.12.2005 and matching with one of the following 8 keywords: “thermograpy”, “thermology“, “ “thermal imaging”, “infrared imaging”, thermometry”, “temperature measurement”, “skin temperature” and “core temperature”. After restricting the number of hits by combining the search terms with the key word “human, 735 references were obtained. Thermal imaging was the main subject of 169 papers, all other publications were related to temperature measurements in humans. This literature survey has demonstrated a continuously high interest in both temperature related physiology and temperature related treatment mainly hypothermia for patients in a critical state of health.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Thermology International
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    ABSTRACT: Implementing strict glycemic control can reduce the risk of serious complications in both diabetic and critically ill patients. For this reason, many different analytical, mainly electrochemical and optical sensor approaches for glucose measurements have been developed. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) has been recognised as being an indispensable tool for intensive diabetes therapy. Recent progress in analytical instrumentation, allowing submicroliter samples of blood, alternative site testing, reduced test time, autocalibration, and improved precision, is comprehensively described in this review. Continuous blood glucose monitoring techniques and insulin infusion strategies, developmental steps towards the realization of the dream of an artificial pancreas under closed loop control, are presented. Progress in glucose sensing and glycemic control for both patient groups is discussed by assessing recent published literature (up to 2006). The state-of-the-art and trends in analytical techniques (either episodic, intermittent or continuous, minimal-invasive, or noninvasive) detailed in this review will provide researchers, health professionals and the diabetic community with a comprehensive overview of the potential of next-generation instrumentation suited to either short- and long-term implantation or ex vivo measurement in combination with appropriate body interfaces such as microdialysis catheters.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: To examine whether hand contamination with fruit results in a false blood glucose (BG) reading using capillary fingertip blood sample. The study subjects were healthy volunteers with normal glucose tolerance test. Capillary BG samples were collected from the fingertip after peeling orange, grape, or kiwi fruit, followed by no action, washing hands with tap water, or rubbing the fingertip with an alcohol swab, then analyzed with glucose monitors. The BG levels measured after peeling any of the fruits, followed by washing hands, were similar to the control subjects (no fruit handling), but the levels after fruit peeling, followed by no washing, were abnormally and significantly high, even when the fingertip was cleaned once or five times with an alcohol swab before blood sampling. To avoid overestimation of blood glucose using portable monitors, the hands should be washed before monitoring capillary BG, especially after fruit has been handled.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Diabetes care