Clear cell fibrous papule with NKI/C3 expression: clinical and histologic features in six cases
Fibrous papule of the nose is a common benign lesion of dermal fibroblast lineage. Two unusual variants have been described, namely, fibrous papule with granular cells and fibrous papule with clear fibrocytes. We report a second case series (six cases) of clear cell fibrous papule to add to the first series of 9 cases. Clinical and histologic features in our cases are similar to those in the first series. All of our specimens were dome-shaped, 2- to 5-mm skin-colored to slightly erythematous papules on the faces of three male and three female adults ranging from 18 to 48 years of age. All but one lesion were on the nose. Clinical differential diagnoses included fibrous papule, verruca, basal cell carcinoma, and a variety of other neoplasms. Histologically, dermal aggregates of clear cells with finely granular to vacuolated cytoplasm, and centrally located nuclei, were found. Most specimens also contained ectatic capillaries, and all showed evidence of irritation or trauma. Periodic acid-Schiff stain was negative in all specimens to which it was applied (5/6). Neural, melanocytic, and epithelial origins were eliminated by negative staining with S-100, Mart-1, cytokeratins, epithelial membrane antigen, and carcinoembryonic antigen, performed on some of the specimens. A mesenchymal nature was confirmed in one specimen staining strongly positive for vimentin. Five of six cases stained positively for CD68, and all five cases studied were strongly and diffusely positive for NKI/C3. Factor XIIIa stain highlighted scattered dendritic cells within the lesion but was otherwise negative in all six cases studied. Recognition of this variant of fibrous papule is important to distinguish this benign lesion from other clear cell neoplasms.
Available from: Carlos Alberto Galliani
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ABSTRACT: In this study we apply multi-fold (MF) techniques to image and characterize layered sediments and rocks. We exploit macro-model dependent and independent imaging methods to achieve enhanced imaging. Depth converted time-domain RMS velocity maps and V-Z macro models provide further information about physical properties of the sediments and rocks and are used to characterize the sedimentary sequence and extract geological information from radar stratigraphy. Gravel and sand deposits in paleochannels are effectively identified and characterized by MF methods due to the sensitivity of such methods to velocity variations associated with porosity and water content. The velocity difference between silt loams and gravel/sand deposits is an effective indicator and allows imaging of the paleochannels limits as well as identification of filling deposits. Velocity models obtained by different techniques (prestack depth migration velocity analysis, CRS based velocities) provide further quantitative indications on water content.
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ABSTRACT: NKI/C3 originally was described as a marker for melanoma. Recently, it resurfaced as a marker to separate cellular neurothekeoma from other dermal tumors in the differential diagnosis. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of NKI/C3, we evaluated its staining pattern in 709 normal and neoplastic tissues, including 92 dermal tumors, using tissue microarrays and conventional sections. We found that although NKI/C3 is positive in only a few normal tissues, it stains a broad spectrum of neoplastic tissues. NKI/C3 is also positive in many dermal tumors of possible histiocytic origin, including juvenile xanthogranuloma (6/10), atypical fibroxanthoma (4/12), cellular fibrous histiocytoma (5/10), reticulohistiocytoma (3/6), and xanthoma (8/10). However, it is negative in epithelioid cell histiocytomas (0/7) and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (0/9). Given the wide spectrum of positive staining in morphologic mimics of cellular neurothekeomas, pathologists should be cautious when making this diagnosis based solely on positive staining with NKI/C3.
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