This study examined the validity of psychological measures used in screening for the U.S. Army with 885 soldiers before a 6-month peacekeeping rotation in Kosovo. Content validity and construct validity were assessed by evaluating the clinical domains, comparing clinician assessments of functioning, and assessing risk factors for screening positive. Construct validity and content validity were demonstrated. Risks, benefits, and future directions of the Army's psychological screening research program are discussed.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: When soldiers return from combat and peacekeeping operations, the United States and many NATO and Partnership for Peace countries conduct some form of postdeployment mental health assessment. To date, however, no research has been published examining changes in prevalence rates of mental health problems in the first several months after returning from combat duty. In this study, the authors examined the degree to which timing was related to reported prevalence rates of mental health problems in a matched sample of 509 US Army soldiers returning from combat in Iraq. Results showed significant increases in mental health problems at 120 days postdeployment relative to immediate reintegration. The findings are discussed in terms of providing mental health services to soldiers returning from combat. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Psychological screening can be conducted using global screens, single items, symptom-based scales, or composite measures. These four different approaches were evaluated against structured clinical interviews in studies with U.S. soldiers preparing to deploy and returning from combat operations in Iraq. Three samples (N = 337, N = 574, and N = 348) were screened to assess the effectiveness of a short global measure of distress, a single self-referral item, symptom-specific scales selected for the target population, and a composite instrument that included a combination of clinical domains. A composite screen with measures of posttraumatic stress, depression, and alcohol problems, along with a single self-referral item, performed most effectively.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Journal of Traumatic Stress