Article

Criminal (In)Justice in the City and Its Associated Health Consequences

Dept of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.55). 11/2005; 95(10):1701-6. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.063768
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The American system of prisons and prisoners-described by its critics as the prison-industrial complex-has grown rapidly since 1970. Increasingly punitive sentencing guidelines and the privatization of prison-related industries and services account for much of this growth. Those who enter and leave this system are increasingly Black or Latino, poorly educated, lacking vocational skills, struggling with drugs and alcohol, and disabled. Few correctional facilities mitigate the educational and/or skills deficiencies of their inmates, and most inmates will return home to communities that are ill equipped to house or rehabilitate them. A more humanistic and community-centered approach to incarceration and rehabilitation may yield more beneficial results for individuals, communities, and, ultimately, society.

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    • "In addition, a larger case-control study found that the Chicago Child-Parent Center (CPC) program produced reductions in criminal behavior, an important predictor of premature death (Golembeski and Fullilove, 2005; Reynolds et al., 2001). The CPC was unique in that the program was large, with 989 carefully matched participants in the case and control groups. "
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    ABSTRACT: Recent research has found that children who attended pre-kindergarten programs in childhood were more likely to be healthy as adults. One intuitive way of improving population health and longevity may therefore be to invest in pre-kindergarten programs. However, much of the research linking pre-kindergarten programs to health is very recent and has not been synthesized. In this paper, I review the mechanisms linking pre-kindergarten programs in childhood to adult longevity, and the experimental evidence backing up these linkages. I conclude with a critical exploration of whether investments in pre-kindergarten programs could also serve as investments in public health.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Social Science & Medicine
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    • "Many members of this population lack knowledge about applying for health insurance and seeking healthcare referrals, while some distrust and avoid healthcare providers altogether (Binswanger, Nowels, Corsi, Long, & Booth, 2011; Morrissey, Cuddeback, Cuellar, & Steadman, 2007). Multiple social and psychological problems, limited access to programs and entitlements, unemployment, and social stigma may play a role in hindering this population's use of healthcare services (Binswanger et al., 2011; Golembeski & Fullilove, 2005; Morrissey et al., 2007; Petersilla, 2003; Visher & Mallki-Kane, 2007). Furthermore, former inmates often return to marginalized communities that create or exacerbate a host of concerns for these individuals (Adams, Nowels, Corsi, & Long, 2011; Binswanger et al., 2011; Olphen, Freudenberg, Fortin, & Galea, 2006; Freudenberg, Daniels, Crum, Perkins, & Richie, 2005). "

    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2013
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    • "Many members of this population lack knowledge about applying for health insurance and seeking healthcare referrals, while some distrust and avoid healthcare providers altogether (Binswanger, Nowels, Corsi, Long, & Booth, 2011; Morrissey, Cuddeback, Cuellar, & Steadman, 2007). Multiple social and psychological problems, limited access to programs and entitlements, unemployment, and social stigma may play a role in hindering this population's use of healthcare services (Binswanger et al., 2011; Golembeski & Fullilove, 2005; Morrissey et al., 2007; Petersilla, 2003; Visher & Mallki-Kane, 2007). Furthermore, former inmates often return to marginalized communities that create or exacerbate a host of concerns for these individuals (Adams, Nowels, Corsi, & Long, 2011; Binswanger et al., 2011; Olphen, Freudenberg, Fortin, & Galea, 2006; Freudenberg, Daniels, Crum, Perkins, & Richie, 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: Summary: Former inmates encounter a variety of challenges when returning to their community, including poor health status and limited access to healthcare services. This qualitative study examined how former male inmates with chronic conditions perceived, understood, managed, and coped with their illnesses. Findings: The participants were Black and Puerto Rican, with a mean age of 47 years, who were interviewed within three years of their release. Participants reported at least one chronic condition, with 21 HIV-negative men using chaos narratives to depict their approach to disease management. Nine HIV-positive men used quest narratives to present their illnesses and were immediately linked to supportive services, enabling them to overcome the barriers to community reintegration. Applications: Health interventions in the area of forensic social work ought to focus on conducting Medicaid outreach and enrollment efforts prior to correctional facility discharge.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of Social Work
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