Competitive and cooperative adsorption behaviors of phenol and aniline onto nonpolar macroreticular adsorbents
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China.Journal of Environmental Sciences (Impact Factor: 2). 02/2005; 17(4):529-34.
The adsorption behaviors of phenol and aniline on nonpolar macroreticular adsorbents (NDA100 and Amberlite XAD4) were investigated in single or binary batch system at 293K and 313K respectively in this study. The results indicated that the adsorption isotherms of phenol and aniline on both adsorbents in both systems fitted well Langmuir equation, which indicated a favourable and exothermic process. At the lower equilibrium concentrations, the individual amount adsorbed of phenol or aniline on macroreticular adsorbents in single-component systems was higher than those in binary-component systems because of the competition between phenol and aniline towards the adsorption sites. It is noteworthy, on the contrast, that at higher concentrations, the total uptake amounts of phenol and aniline in binary-component systems were obviously larger than that in single-component systems, and a large excess was noted on the adsorbent surface at saturation, which is presumably due to the cooperative effect primarily arisen from the hydrogen bonding or weak acid-base interaction between phenol and aniline.
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ABSTRACT: The adsorption equilibria of phenol and aniline on nonpolar polymer adsorbents (NDA-100, XAD-4, NDA-16 and NDA-1800) were investigated in single- and binary-solute adsorption systems at 313 K. The results showed that all the adsorption isotherms of phenol and aniline on these adsorbents can be well fitted by Freundlich and Langmuir equations, and the experimental uptake of phenol and aniline in all binary-component systems is obviously higher than predicted by the extended Langmuir model, arising presumably from the synergistic effect caused by the laterally acid-base interaction between the adsorbed phenol and aniline molecules. A new model (MELM) was developed to quantitatively describe the synergistic adsorption behavior of phenol/aniline equimolar mixtures in the binary-solute systems and showed a marked improvement in correlating the binary-solute adsorption of phenol and aniline by comparison with the widely used extended Langmuir model. The newly developed model confirms that the synergistic coefficient of one adsorbate is linearly correlated with the adsorbed amount of the other, and the larger average pore size of adsorbent results in the greater synergistic effect of phenol/aniline equimolar mixtures adsorption.
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ABSTRACT: The competitive adsorption effect by chitosan bead and alpha-cyclodextrin-linked chitosan bead on a mixture of six phthalate esters (PAEs) was investigated. The adsorption efficiency of short-chain hydrophilic PAEs was reduced when long-chain hydrophobic PAEs co-existed in the solution. Moreover, the adsorption efficiency of adsorbents for PAE is correlated to the distribution ratio (Kd), which shows that the Kd of hydrophobic PAEs is higher than that of hydrophilic PAEs. Both chitosan bead and alpha-cyclodextrin-linked chitosan bead exhibit the same phenomenon. The effect of alpha-cyclodextrin (CD)-linked chitosan bead is more significant compared with that of chitosan bead. Furthermore, it is observed that both adsorbents spontaneously adsorb PAEs by free energy (deltaG0), but the hydrophilic PAE co-existing with DMP (dimethyl phthalate) results in less entropy (deltaS0) change compared with a hydrophobic PAE co-existing with DMP. In a continuous system to treat a PAE mixture, hydrophobic PAE shows a higher breakthrough capacity than hydrophilic PAE. Moreover, the competitive adsorption results in the laboratory were comparable with those in field studies.
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