What's an integrationist? A study of self-identified integrative and (occasionally) eclectic psychologists

Department of Psychology, University of Scranton, Scranton, PA 18510-4596, USA.
Journal of Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.12). 12/2005; 61(12):1587-94. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20203
Source: PubMed


We examined the views and practices of self-identified eclectic and integrative psychologists, particularly in the context of historical changes since 1977 and 1988. Results from 187 eclectic clinical psychologists indicated that 50% previously adhered to another theoretical orientation, the majority preferred the term integrative to eclectic, and 85% conceptualized eclecticism/integration as the endorsement of a broader orientation. The most common paths toward integration were theoretical integration, common factors, and assimilative integration, as opposed to technical eclecticism. The most frequent theoretical contributor to integrative practice was cognitive therapy.

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Available from: John C. Norcross
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    • "The rest of them held the opinion that young therapists should study integration from the beginning of their careers. Norcross & Halgin (2005) are probably most realistic in saying it is just as naive to expect a novice therapist to think integratively as it is to expect trainees to enter a training as tabula rasa, still devoid of any theoretical concepts of their own. "
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