Coming Home From Jail: The Social and Health Consequences of Community Reentry for Women, Male Adolescents, and Their Families and Communities

Urban Public Health, Hunter College, City University of New York, 425 E 25th Street, New York, NY 10010, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.55). 11/2005; 95(10):1725-36. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.056325
Source: PubMed


Each year, more than 10 million people enter US jails, most returning home within a few weeks. Because jails concentrate people with infectious and chronic diseases, substance abuse, and mental health problems, and reentry policies often exacerbate these problems, the experiences of people leaving jail may contribute to health inequities in the low-income communities to which they return. Our study of the experiences in the year after release of 491 adolescent males and 476 adult women returning home from New York City jails shows that both populations have low employment rates and incomes and high rearrest rates. Few received services in jail. However, overall drug use and illegal activity declined significantly in the year after release. Postrelease employment and health insurance were associated with lower rearrest rates and drug use. Public policies on employment, drug treatment, housing, and health care often blocked successful reentry into society from jail, suggesting the need for new policies that support successful reentry into society.

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    • "At least two recent studies in the United States have investigated the link between recidivism and other health and social factors (Freudenberg et al. 2005; Fu et al. 2013). In a study of adult women and adolescent males, Freudenberg et al. (2005) found that having health insurance after release greatly reduced the odds of re-arrest up to 15 months later. For males, employment post-release reduced the risk of re-arrest, and for females, homelessness increased this risk. "

    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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    • "Alternative post-correctional options, including substance abuse or mental health treatment programs are often discussed (Freudenberg et al. 2005; Gumurku 1968; Glaze and Bonczar 2006) among existing forms of community supervision are residential homes, which represent a community-based effort to facilitate offender reentry to society. While a small percentage of these facilities are private or "for-profit," most are funded with governmental money through stipends or tax subsidies (Byrne and Taxman 2005; Pratt and Winston 1999; Weisner and Room 1984). "
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    ABSTRACT: This article seeks to identify short and long term effects of halfway house completion on parole success and subsequent recidivism from a sample of offenders released from a northeastern state’s correctional facilities between 2004 and 2008. Using propensity score matching techniques, we compare parolees released to parole after successfully completing a residential treatment program to a matched group of parolees released directly into the community from a correctional facility. Analyses show that parolees who successfully complete a halfway house program are more likely to successfully complete parole but the effect on residential programming on long-term recidivism are negligible. Keywords: Alternative Corrections, Community Corrections, Halfway Houses, Parole, Recidivism
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015
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    • "Regarding the sentence imposed for first felony arrest, results in Table 2 indicate that, consistent with previous literature addressing the disparities in treatment and rehabilitation among black female offenders (Mann, 1995; Sims and Jones, 1997), African American women had fewer behavioral conditions imposed including drug and alcohol treatment and mental health counseling treatment when compared to European-American women (53.3% and 35.3%, respectively). Among those women receiving alcohol/drug treatment and mental health counseling treatment after their arrest, larger percentages of African American women were unsuccessful with treatment compared to European American women (72.7% and 88.9%, respectively), indicating a greater risk of repeat offending among these women, many of whom are subjected to the harsh realities of poverty, racism, and sexism (Arditti and Few, 2008; Olphen et al., 2009; White, 2010; Imber-Black, 2008; Freudenberg et al., 2005; Richie, 2000). "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses racial differences in risk factors and behavioral conditions among 200 women placed on probation between 2011 and 2013. Emphasis is placed on the factors that place these women at a greater risk of recidivism including prior drug abuse, socioeconomic status (employment), and previous felony convictions. Disparities in treatment measures among women on probation, particularly women of color, such as alcohol/drug treatment and mental health counseling treatment are also discussed.
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