Insulin Resistance among HIV-Infected Patients: Unraveling the Mechanism

Clinical Infectious Diseases (Impact Factor: 8.89). 12/2005; 41(9):1341-2. DOI: 10.1086/496990
Source: PubMed

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    ABSTRACT: With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in mid-1995, the prognosis for HIV-infected individuals has brightened dramatically. However, the conjunction of potent antiviral therapy and longer life expectancy may engender a variety of health risks that, heretofore, HIV specialists have not had to confront. The long-term effects of HIV infection itself and exposure to antiretroviral agents is unknown. Several aspects of aging, including psychiatric disease, neurocognitive impairment, and metabolic and hormonal disorders, may be influenced by chronic exposure to HIV and/or HIV therapeutics. In this paper, we discuss the health issues confronting HIV-infected older adults and areas for future research.
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    ABSTRACT: Since the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), there have been, many conflicting reports linking its use to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Most antiretroviral drugs have been associated with the development of lipid abnormalities to some degree. However, whereas several large observational studies have reported a link between the use of cART (particularly protease inhibitors) and CVD, evidence linking specific antiretroviral drugs to CVD is limited. Much of the evidence linking cART to the development of dyslipidemia derives from randomized trials. However, given the relative infrequency of CVD in most HIV-positive populations, these may be inadequately powered to demonstrate a link with clinical events. In contrast, large observational studies have greater power to describe the development of clinical events but may be affected by bias. This review will describe the current literature linking cART to CVD as well as the limitations of some of the published studies.
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