Article

Audit of outcome in 455 consecutive patients treated with homeopathic medicines

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Abstract

This paper reports an audit of clinical outcome in 455 consecutive patients (1100 consultations) presenting for private homeopathic treatment of a chronic illness in which conventional treatment had either: failed, reached a plateau in effect, or was contra-indicated by side effects, age or condition of the patient. Three hundred and four patients (66.8%) derived benefit from homeopathic treatment. One hundred and forty-eight patients (32.5%) were able to stop or maintain a substantial reduction in their conventional drugs. The 10 most frequent clinical conditions treated were eczema, anxiety, depression, osteoarthritis, asthma, back pain, chronic cough, chronic fatigue, headaches and essential hypertension. These 195 patients constitute 43% of the total, 151 of them (77%) were improved. The success rate of treatment is similar between age ranges. There was a difference in outcome between the sexes in adults: 296 females treated, success rate 71.3%; 159 males treated, success rate 58.5%. Two patients (0.4%) had prolonged aggravation of their presenting complaints apparently attributable to homeopathic treatment.

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... Results of the literature search are presented in Fig. 1, reported according to PRISMA [15]. Eighteen original studies were identified, including three placebo-controlled double-blind trials [16][17][18], a non-placebo controlled randomised trial [19], a non-randomised trial [20], an observational cohort [21], and 12 uncontrolled studies and surveys [22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33]. ...
... Twelve uncontrolled studies (Table 3) reported outcomes in a total of 595 patients (median 33, range 22-201) during or after treatment provided by homeopaths, including eight prospective uncontrolled studies [23,[26][27][28][29][31][32][33], three surveys [24,25,30], and a retrospective case series [22]. Studies were highly heterogeneous and could only to a limited extent be presented in an aggregated form. ...
... Six uncontrolled studies and surveys included 391 depressed patients (median 43, range 28-201) who were subsets of larger patient groups with various diagnoses [24,28,[30][31][32][33]. Patient-reported numerical rating scales showed at least moderate improvement (+2, +3 or +4 on seven-and nine-point numerical rating scales) in 50% to 86% of patients (median 67%), and slight or no improvement in 7% to 50% of patients (median 22%) following individualised treatment provided by homeopaths. ...
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Aim To systematically review surveys of 12-month prevalence of homeopathy use by the general population worldwide. Methods Studies were identified via database searches to October 2015. Study quality was assessed using a six-item tool. All estimates were in the context of a survey which also reported prevalence of any complementary and alternative medicine use. Results A total of 36 surveys were included. Of these, 67% met four of six quality criteria. Twelve-month prevalence of treatment by a homeopath was reported in 24 surveys of adults (median 1.5%, range 0.2–8.2%). Estimates for children were similar to those for adults. Rates in the USA, UK, Australia and Canada all ranged from 0.2% to 2.9% and remained stable over the years surveyed (1986–2012). Twelve-month prevalence of all use of homeopathy (purchase of over-the-counter homeopathic medicines and treatment by a homeopath) was reported in 10 surveys of adults (median 3.9%, range 0.7–9.8%) while a further 11 surveys which did not define the type of homeopathy use reported similar data. Rates in the USA and Australia ranged from 1.7% to 4.4% and remained stable over the years surveyed. The highest use was reported by a survey in Switzerland where homeopathy is covered by mandatory health insurance. Conclusions This review summarises 12-month prevalence of homeopathy use from surveys conducted in eleven countries (USA, UK, Australia, Israel, Canada, Switzerland, Norway, Germany, South Korea, Japan and Singapore). Each year a small but significant percentage of these general populations use homeopathy. This includes visits to homeopaths as well as purchase of over-the-counter homeopathic medicines.
... Results of the literature search are presented in Fig. 1, reported according to PRISMA [15]. Eighteen original studies were identified, including three placebo-controlled double-blind trials [16][17][18], a non-placebo controlled randomised trial [19], a non-randomised trial [20], an observational cohort [21], and 12 uncontrolled studies and surveys [22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33]. ...
... Twelve uncontrolled studies (Table 3) reported outcomes in a total of 595 patients (median 33, range 22-201) during or after treatment provided by homeopaths, including eight prospective uncontrolled studies [23,[26][27][28][29][31][32][33], three surveys [24,25,30], and a retrospective case series [22]. Studies were highly heterogeneous and could only to a limited extent be presented in an aggregated form. ...
... Six uncontrolled studies and surveys included 391 depressed patients (median 43, range 28-201) who were subsets of larger patient groups with various diagnoses [24,28,[30][31][32][33]. Patient-reported numerical rating scales showed at least moderate improvement (+2, +3 or +4 on seven-and nine-point numerical rating scales) in 50% to 86% of patients (median 67%), and slight or no improvement in 7% to 50% of patients (median 22%) following individualised treatment provided by homeopaths. ...
Article
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Introduction: Depression is a common reason for patients to consult homeopaths. This review aims to assess the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of homeopathy in depression. Methods: Thirty databases/sources were used to identify studies reporting on homeopathy in depression, published between 1982 and 2016. Studies were assessed for their risk of bias, model validity, aspect of homeopathy and comparator. Results: Eighteen studies assessing homeopathy in depression were identified. Two double-blind placebo-controlled trials of homeopathic medicinal products (HMPs) for depression were assessed. The first trial (N = 91) with high risk of bias found HMPs were non-inferior to fluoxetine at 4 (p = 0.654) and 8 weeks (p = 0.965); whereas the second trial (N = 133), with low risk of bias, found HMPs was comparable to fluoxetine (p = 0.082) and superior to placebo (p < 0.005) at 6 weeks. The remaining research had unclear/high risk of bias. A non-placebo-controlled RCT found standardised treatment by homeopaths comparable to fluvoxamine; a cohort study of patients receiving treatment provided by GPs practising homeopathy reported significantly lower consumption of psychotropic drugs and improved depression; and patient-reported outcomes showed at least moderate improvement in 10 of 12 uncontrolled studies. Fourteen trials provided safety data. All adverse events were mild or moderate, and transient. No evidence suggested treatment was unsafe. Conclusions: Limited evidence from two placebo-controlled double-blinded trials suggests HMPs might be comparable to antidepressants and superior to placebo in depression, and patients treated by homeopaths report improvement in depression. Overall, the evidence gives a potentially promising risk benefit ratio. There is a need for additional high quality studies.
... Homeopaths usually employ highly diluted remedies in order to stimulate the self-healing properties of the body. 1 Thus homeopathy is used for many, if not most, chronic conditions, including eczema. [2][3][4][5][6] Despite the facts that homeopathy originates from the prescientific era of medicine 7 and that its value for treating eczema (or any other condition) is doubtful 5,8,9 and based on little else than experience or anecdotal data, [10][11][12][13][14][15][16] it is still highly popular. 4,17 This may be due to a range of reasons, 18 not least the fact that positive findings from case reports and other uncontrolled data continue to be published which are often misinterpreted as sound evidence of efficacy. ...
... 4,17 This may be due to a range of reasons, 18 not least the fact that positive findings from case reports and other uncontrolled data continue to be published which are often misinterpreted as sound evidence of efficacy. 12,[19][20][21][22][23] Such results could, of course, be due to a range of unrelated causes, including the natural history of the disease, regression towards the mean, placebo effect or other nonspecific effects. 24 This systematic review is aimed at summarizing and critically evaluating the evidence from controlled clinical trials testing the efficacy of homeopathy as a treatment of eczema. ...
Article
Homeopathy is often advocated for patients with eczema. This article systematically reviews the evidence from controlled clinical trials of any type of homeopathic treatment for any type of eczema. Electronic searches were conducted in Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library with no restrictions on time or language. In addition, the bibliographies of the retrieved articles and our departmental files were hand searched. All controlled trials of homeopathy in patients with eczema were considered. Their methodological quality was estimated using the Jadad score. One randomized and two nonrandomized clinical trials met the inclusion criteria. All were methodologically weak. None demonstrated the efficacy of homeopathy. The evidence from controlled clinical trials therefore fails to show that homeopathy is an efficacious treatment for eczema.
... The use of complementary therapies is widespread and expanding in both the United States and Europe. Patients suffering from immune-system disorders such as allergies and asthma, enhanced susceptibility to recurrent infections, or chronic inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system often turn to homeopathy as an "alternative" medicine, in the hope of resolving ailments not successfully cured by conventional drugs, or as a "complementary" treatment to reduce their consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids that may have adverse effects, to relieve certain symptoms and improve their quality of life (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8). There is accordingly a need for clinical trials demonstrating the safety and effectiveness of homeopathic remedies in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases, which often originate from abnormalities (excess, deficiency, disorders) of the immune system. ...
... In contrast with the mixed results of RCT studies of homeopathy, observational studies of all types reveal outcomes consistently favorable to homeopathy. [81][82][83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][92][93][94] Types of observational study designs range from prospective longitudinal cohort to case-control to cross-sectional to case series. Researchers consider the case report, which is the most common way in which homeopaths report their clinical findings, to be the weakest observational design from a scientific perspective, 1 even though it may help other clinicians better to understand their own individual patients. ...
... Several other investigations from different countries in Europe or America report similar health effects in various diseases within the first year after homeopathic treatment. Here the percentages of patients who experienced substantial improvements were consistently above 50%, [15,1819202122232425262728, although conventional medication was reduced [20,23,24]. ...
Article
Full-text available
Homeopathy is a highly debated but often used medical treatment. With this cohort study we aimed to evaluate health status changes under homeopathic treatment in routine care. Here we extend former results, now presenting data of an 8-year follow-up. In a prospective, multicentre cohort study with 103 homeopathic primary care practices in Germany and Switzerland, data from all patients (age >1 year) consulting the physician for the first time were observed. The main outcome measures were: The patients' perceived change in complaint severity (numeric rating scales from 0 = no complaint to 10 = maximal severity) and quality of life as measured by the SF-36 at baseline, and after 2 and 8 years. A total of 3,709 patients were studied, 73% (2,722 adults, 72.8% female, age at baseline 41.0 +/- 12.3; 819 children, 48.4% female, age 6.5 +/- 4.0) contributed data to the 8-year follow-up. The most frequent diagnoses were allergic rhinitis and headache in adults, and atopic dermatitis and multiple recurrent infections in children. Disease severity decreased significantly (p < 0.001) between baseline, 2 and 8 years (adults from 6.2 +/- 1.7 to 2.9 +/- 2.2 and 2.7 +/- 2.1; children from 6.1 +/- 1.8 to 2.1 +/- 2.0 and 1.7 +/- 1.9). Physical and mental quality of life sores also increased considerably. Younger age, female gender and more severe disease at baseline were factors predictive of better therapeutic success. Patients who seek homeopathic treatment are likely to improve considerably. These effects persist for as long as 8 years.
... Homoeopathy is the system of treatment chronic illness by using homeopathic treatment. [19] Taylor-Reilly demonstrated that homeopathy works in asthma triggered by a specific and known allergen such as house dust mite. [13] According to Skinner (2001), homeopathic specialists anecdotally reported that childhood asthma is generally curable with advanced constitutional treatment. ...
Article
Full-text available
Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by episodes of acute branchocontriction causing shortness of breath, cough, chest tightness, wheezing and rapid respirations, which is influenced by multiple genetic developmental and environmental factor, that affect over 300 million people around the world and one in four urban children. Alternative approaches to asthma management include different systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Naturopathy. A holistic approach helps the body to come into balance naturally and can be used as a long term therapy with minimal side effects. The holistic approach includes different systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Herbal drugs, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani and other therapies. Holistic treatment can be an effective solution for treating asthma Substantial scientific evidence is not available on these therapies and further trials need to be conducted to prove their efficacy and encourage the patients to use this approach in the management of asthma.
... In comparison to conventional medicine the body of peer-reviewed research on homeopathy for URTIs, OME and AOM is small. 50 Nevertheless a body of research exists which supports the view that homeopathy could be at least as effective as a standard treatment, has effects which can be arguably differentiated from placebo, 51e53 can lead to reduced conventional drug use 54 and can fill effectiveness gaps in conventional medical treatment. 55 Two randomized placebo-controlled trials of AOM have been conducted to date, 56,57 the first comparing homeopathic and conventional treatment for AOM in Seattle. ...
Data
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... Successful practice audit or multicentre clinical data collection of homeopathy in the medical practice setting in the United Kingdom has been reported. [6][7][8] To our knowledge, however, no reports of this type exist in the veterinary homeopathy literature, though some non-controlled clinical research exists for a few medical conditions and species. [9][10][11] This pilot study was designed to lay the foundation for a larger-scale veterinary clinical data collection project in the Faculty of Homeopathy. ...
Article
Background and aimsTargeted research development in veterinary homeopathy is properly informed by the systematic collection and analysis of relevant clinical data obtained by its practitioners. We organised a pilot data collection study, in which 8 Faculty of Homeopathy veterinarians collected practice-based clinical and outcomes data over a 6-month period.MethodsA specifically designed Excel spreadsheet enabled the recording of consecutive clinical appointments under the following headings: date; identity of patient and owner (anonymised); age, sex and species of patient; medical condition/complaint treated; whether confirmed diagnosis, chronic or acute, new or follow-up case; owner-assessed outcome (7-point Likert scale: –3 to +3) compared with first appointment; homeopathic medicine/s prescribed; other medication/s for the condition/complaint. Spreadsheets were submitted monthly by e-mail to the project organisers for data checking, synthesis and analysis.ResultsPractitioners submitted data regularly and punctually, and most data cells were completed. A total of 767 individual patients were treated (547 dogs, 155 cats, 50 horses, 5 rabbits, 4 guinea-pigs, 2 birds, 2 goats, 1 cow, and 1 tortoise). Outcomes from two or more homeopathic appointments per patient condition were obtained in 539 cases (79.8 % showing improvement, 6.1 % deterioration, 11.7 % no change; outcome not recorded in 2.4 % of follow-ups). Strongly positive outcomes (scores of +2 or +3) were achieved in: arthritis and epilepsy in dogs and, in smaller numbers, in atopic dermatitis, gingivitis and hyperthyroidism in cats.ConclusionsSystematic recording of data by veterinarians in clinical practice is feasible and capable of informing future research in veterinary homeopathy. A refined version of the spreadsheet can be used in larger-scale research-targeted veterinary data collection.
... Successful practice audit or multicentre clinical data collection of homeopathy in the medical practice setting in the United Kingdom has been reported. [6][7][8] To our knowledge, however, no reports of this type exist in the veterinary homeopathy literature, though some non-controlled clinical research exists for a few medical conditions and species. [9][10][11] This pilot study was designed to lay the foundation for a larger-scale veterinary clinical data collection project in the Faculty of Homeopathy. ...
Article
Targeted research development in veterinary homeopathy is properly informed by the systematic collection and analysis of relevant clinical data obtained by its practitioners. We organised a pilot data collection study, in which 8 Faculty of Homeopathy veterinarians collected practice-based clinical and outcomes data over a 6-month period. A specifically designed Excel spreadsheet enabled recording of consecutive clinical appointments under the following headings: date; identity of patient and owner (anonymised); age, sex and species of patient; medical condition/complaint treated; whether confirmed diagnosis, chronic or acute, new or follow-up case; owner-assessed outcome (7-point Likert scale: -3 to +3) compared with first appointment; homeopathic medicine/s prescribed; other medication/s for the condition/complaint. Spreadsheets were submitted monthly by e-mail to the project organisers for data checking, synthesis and analysis. Practitioners submitted data regularly and punctually, and most data cells were completed. 767 individual patients were treated (547 dogs, 155 cats, 50 horses, 5 rabbits, 4 guinea-pigs, 2 birds, 2 goats, 1 cow, and 1 tortoise). Outcome from two or more homeopathic appointments per patient condition was obtained in 539 cases (79.8% showing improvement, 6.1% deterioration, 11.7% no change; outcome not recorded in 2.4% of follow-ups). Strongly positive outcomes (scores of +2 or +3) were achieved in: arthritis and epilepsy in dogs and, in smaller numbers, in atopic dermatitis, gingivitis and hyperthyroidism in cats. Systematic recording of data by veterinarians in clinical practice is feasible and capable of informing future research in veterinary homeopathy. A refined version of the spreadsheet can be used in larger-scale research-targeted veterinary data collection.
... The ORIDL (Outcome in Relation to Impact on Daily Living ) instrument measures patients' views of the outcome of care [5]. Created initially for evaluating experimental clinics [6], its increasing adoption under its former name, the Glasgow Homoepathic Hospital Outcome Scale (GHHOS), in a number of centres7891011 and studies121314151617 has created a need to study its validity which has not previously been explored. It differs from many other scales by asking about change directly, and by relating outcome to the effect of the intervention on impact on daily life. ...
Article
Full-text available
The challenge of finding practical, patient-rated outcome measures is a key issue in the evaluation of health care systems and interventions. The ORIDL (Outcome in Relation to Impact on Daily Living) instrument (formerly referred to as the Glasgow Homoeopathic Hospital Outcomes Scale or GHHOS) has been developed to measure patient's views of the outcome of their care by asking about change, and relating this to impact on daily life. The aim of the present paper is to describe the background and potential uses of the ORIDL, and to report on its preliminary validation in a series of three studies in secondary and primary care. In the first study, 105 patients attending the Glasgow Homoeopathic Hospital (GHH) were followed-up at 12 months and changes in health status were measured by the EuroQol (EQOL) and the ORIDL. In the second study, 187 new patients at the GHH were followed-up at 3, 12, and 33 months, using the ORIDL, the Short Form 12 (SF-12), and the Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile (MYMOP). In study three, 323 patients in primary care were followed for 1 month post-consultation using the ORIDL and MYMOP. In all 3 studies the Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI) was also used as an outcome measure. Study 1 showed substantial improvements in main complaint and well-being over 12 months using the ORIDL, with two-thirds of patients reporting improvements in daily living. These improvements were not significantly correlated with changes in serial measures of the EQOL between baseline and 12 months, but were correlated with the EQOL transitions measure. Study 2 showed step-wise improvements in ORIDL scores between 3 and 33 months, which were only weakly associated with similar changes in SF-12 scores. However, MYMOP change scores correlated well with ORIDL scores at all time points. Study 3 showed similar high correlations between ORIDL scores and MYMOP scores. In all 3 studies, ORIDL scores were also significantly correlated with PEI-outcome scores. There is significant agreement between patient outcomes assessed by the ORIDL and the EQOL transition scale, the MYMOP, and the PEI-outcome instrument, suggesting that the ORIDL may be a valid and sensitive tool for measuring change in relation to impact on life.
... The use of complementary therapies is widespread and expanding in both the United States and Europe. Patients suffering from immune-system disorders such as allergies and asthma, enhanced susceptibility to recurrent infections, or chronic inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system often turn to homeopathy as an "alternative" medicine, in the hope of resolving ailments not successfully cured by conventional drugs, or as a "complementary" treatment to reduce their consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids that may have adverse effects, to relieve certain symptoms and improve their quality of life (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8). There is accordingly a need for clinical trials demonstrating the safety and effectiveness of homeopathic remedies in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases, which often originate from abnormalities (excess, deficiency, disorders) of the immune system. ...
... They consider homeopathic medicine no more than as a placebo [21,22]. Furthermore, many researcher believes homeopathy as a system of treatment based on anecdotal data with no proper mechanisms [23][24][25][26][27][28][29]. Most of the systemic analysis, regarding homeopathy research as well as clinical trials, also produced a little support for homeopathy as an effective treatment system for a specific condition [30]. ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Homeopathy, as an alternative treatment system for the treatment of various diseases, is widely used in various regions of the world. However the clinical benefits of homeopathy remains controversial. Aim of the Study: This review highlights the most up-to-date and current clinical trials and research carried out in the field of homeopathy and to compare its effectiveness in combating various diseases. Methodology: A retrospective literature search was performed from 2012 to 2017. All the articles, containing clinical trials in human subjects, were searched in different databases such as google scholar, science direct, web of science, Scopus, Springer Link and Sci Finder etc. using the keywords i.e. clinical trials in homeopathy, current clinical status of homeopathy, homeopathy and treatment of diseases, clinical cases in homeopathy and clinical studies in homeopathy. Results: Twenty one articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. The results of these clinical studies showed an effective outcome for homeopathy treatment in various diseases such as atopic dermatitis, eczema, respiratory tract infections, asthma, hay fever and pulmonary tuberculosis etc. However, for some of the diseases such as depression, mental fatigue, cancer, HIV, anxiety, dementia, induction of labor, osteoarthritis, migraine and insomnia etc. no proper clinical evidence for a safe and effective use of homeopathy exists. Furthermore, the research quality of most the homeopathy clinical trials are objectionable and negatively analyzed by various authors in terms of sample size, reproducibility and replication of data as well as lack of proper guidelines for performing homeopathy research. Conclusion: To build credibility in health care system and attract more patients as well as professional practitioners towards this system of alternative treatment, more focus in terms of quality research and practically applicable clinical trials i.e. efficacy trials (near to optimal laboratory conditions) is needed.
... Despite of all sayings, homeopathy is accepted worldwide due to its safety profiles [4,5]. Most of the people of Pakistan and across the world use homeopathy for different ailments like skin diseases, influenza, headache and gastro-intestinal and musculo-skeletal problems [6][7][8]. ...
... Homeopathic medicines are often used in the hope of resolving ailments not successfully cured by conventional drugs, or as a complementary treatment to reduce the consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids that may have adverse effects, to relieve certain symptoms and improve the quality of life [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]. A worldwide median of 1.5% of patients are reported to use homeopathy, with great differences among nations (range 0.2-8.2%) ...
Article
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Please note that the journal name is: “Journal of Alternative, Complementary and Integrative Medicine”. Introduction Homeopathy is a therapeutic natural medical alternative that is widely and increasing-ly being used, even for pediatric patients. Given this trend, it is essential that clinicians have the re-sources to advise their patients as to the potential benefits and harms of this complementary therapy. The aim of this work is to describe the available literature cited in PubMed concerning the ho-meopathic treatments on human subjects (both children and adult) for common upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), otitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, rhinosinusitis, pharyngitis and tonsillitis. Methods The PubMed search made use of the keywords “homeopathy” or “homeopathic”, and the names of the indicated diseases. The report covers all forms of homeopathic therapy, namely: a) classical individualized homeopathy, b) ailment-specific medicines and complexes. In order to take into account the whole mass of literature, the evidence of the clinical effectiveness is summarized according to semi-quantitative criteria, based on the number of randomized and non-randomized papers published in each group of ailments. The medicines used in the various studies are classified and described. Results A total of 40 clinical studies, published until the end of 2018, which assess the effective-ness of the homeopathic treatment in one of the abovementioned conditions are reported and classi-fied. The studies are randomized or equivalence studies with control group (n=21), non randomized or observational (n=19) and concern different clinical approaches, namely individualized using high homeopathic dilutions or non-individualized using complex drug formulations. Studies have re-vealed mixed results, suggesting that some homeopathic formulations may have significant effects in URTI and otorhinolaryngological infections. Several studies have demonstrated benefits to pa-tients’ quality of life and symptom scoring, or equivalence with the conventional medical approach. Scarcity of data and uncertainty still exists in literature on the effectiveness of individualized ap-proach in URTIs. 21 different medicines were used in a minimum of two published reports. Conclusion Homeopathic formulations in upper respiratory tract and otorhinolaryngological infec-tions are likely effective and the individualized approach in non severe otitis is possibly effective. Homeopathic treatments may help when use of antibiotics is not indicated. Due to the heterogeneity of approaches and of drugs used, additional studies will be required to evaluate the possible integra-tion of homeopathy into the standard of care for the treatment of respiratory and otorhinolaryngo-logic ailments.
... Homeopathic medicines are often used in the hope of resolving ailments not successfully cured by conventional drugs, or as a complementary treatment to reduce the consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids that may have adverse effects, to relieve certain symptoms and improve the quality of life [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]. A worldwide median of 1.5% of patients are reported to use homeopathy, with great differences among nations (range 0.2-8.2%) ...
... Majority of fatal diseases that have not been cured by conventional drugs are often cured by homoeopathic drugs. [2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] Similarly, homoeopathic drugs play an important role in the treatment of common respiratory infections. [10][11][12] In this article, I wish to discuss the possibility of homoeopathic medicines like Lachesis and Gripp Heel which will be more effective to cure corona patient. ...
Article
Full-text available
From December 2019, a new pandemic named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-2019) has become a key topic of discussion across the world. The reason behind this discussion is the rapid increase in human death due to COVID-19 which has stunned the world. The pathogen of COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which is similar to SARS CoV. SARS-CoV-2 infects mainly the respiratory system which causes the death because there is no effective vaccines or therapeutics against COVID-19. Homoeopathic drugs like Lachesis and Gripp Heel may play an effective role to cure corona patients.
... The use of complementary therapies is widespread and expanding in both the United States and Europe. Patients suffering from immune-system disorders such as allergies and asthma, enhanced susceptibility to recurrent infections, or chronic inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system often turn to homeopathy as an "alternative" medicine, in the hope of resolving ailments not successfully cured by conventional drugs, or as a "complementary" treatment to reduce their consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids that may have adverse effects, to relieve certain symptoms and improve their quality of life (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8). There is accordingly a need for clinical trials demonstrating the safety and effectiveness of homeopathic remedies in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases, which often originate from abnormalities (excess, deficiency, disorders) of the immune system. ...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper reviews the clinical research carried out over the past three decades to evaluate the effectiveness of homeopathy for the treatment of respiratory allergies, common upper respiratory tract infections, otorhinolaryngologic complaints, and rheumatic diseases. We include in the analysis both randomised and non-randomised trials, assigning them different weightings in the final balance of evidence, on the basis of semi-quantitative criteria. Overall, the literature concerning a total of 83 original studies suggests that homeopathy may have significant effects in some conditions, e.g. Galphimia glauca (low homeopathic dilutions/dynamizations) in allergic oculorhinitis, Anas barbariae (high homeopathic dilution/dynamization) in influenza-like syndromes, classical individualised homeopathy in otitis, in allergic complaints and in fibromyalgia, and a few low-potency homeopathic complexes in sinusitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, arthritis. The evidence for individualised homeopathic therapy in the field of upper respiratory tract infections and for homeopathic immunotherapy in respiratory allergies is more conflicting. Pragmatic equivalence trials suggest that, in primary care, homeopathic treatment is not inferior to conventional treatment. A larger number of observational studies and of clinical trials -- conducted in a methodologically correct manner without altering the treatment setting-- are needed before sure conclusions concerning the application of homeopathy for specific diseases can be drawn.
... In comparison to conventional medicine the body of peer-reviewed research on homeopathy for URTIs, OME and AOM is small. 50 Nevertheless a body of research exists which supports the view that homeopathy could be at least as effective as a standard treatment, has effects which can be arguably differentiated from placebo, 51e53 can lead to reduced conventional drug use 54 and can fill effectiveness gaps in conventional medical treatment. 55 Two randomized placebo-controlled trials of AOM have been conducted to date, 56,57 the first comparing homeopathic and conventional treatment for AOM in Seattle. ...
Article
Otitis media with effusion (OME) or 'glue ear' is the most common cause of pediatric hearing loss, and a drain on global healthcare resources. It is associated with frequent episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) and upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and linked with environmental and social factors, including diet, smoking households, overcrowding and day care use. Current conventional treatment for OME is unsatisfactory, the area constitutes an 'effectiveness gap'. Homeopathy is a relatively common and popular choice of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment for childhood conditions, including otitis media. Antibiotic resistance is now a major global problem, homeopathy may have a role to play in combating its further development. Systematic review of the literature for clinical studies of homeopathy for AOM and upper respiratory tract disorders. Discussion in the context of current treatment options and public health issues including antibiotic resistance. Several randomized trials and outcome studies of homeopathy for AOM and upper respiratory tract disorders have been published. The results are encouraging, but the volume of research is small and insufficient to draw definitive conclusions. A strategy based on multi-centre or multiple, linked clinical trials of homeopathy for OME, using a pragmatic framework and evaluating long-term effects in different settings, in conjunction with other healthcare and social services should be considered. Reduction of antibiotic use is an important outcome.
Article
This study sought to assess the effectiveness of individualized homeopathic treatment on dermatological complaints in a public outpatient clinic. Children and adults spontaneously seeking for homeopathic treatment for dermatological complaints were prescribed single individualized remedies and followed up for a minimum of 3 months; assessment was clinical and recorded graphically. Forty-nine patients met the inclusion criteria. Outcomes were positive (59%); no effect (4%); drop-out (37%), from which 6% was due to homeopathic aggravation. No manifestations of suppression were observed. Outcome studies are useful to point out to the effectiveness of individualized homeopathic treatment in dermatological complaints. Outcomes suggest that actions focusing on pathological categories do not lead to homeopathic suppression.
Article
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Asthma is an inflammatory disease which is prevalent throughout the world. Allopathic medicines are commonly used for its treatment. Although allopathic medicines provide immediate relief to most patients but low risk, non drug strategies would provide a valuable adjunct or alternative treatment in Asthma Management. A holistic approach helps the body to come into balance naturally and can be used as a long term therapy with minimal side effects. The holistic approach includes different systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Herbal drugs, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani and other therapies. Holistic treatment can be an effective solution for treating asthma Substantial scientific evidence is not available on these therapies and further trials need to be conducted to prove their efficacy and encourage the patients to use this approach in the management of asthma.
Article
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To explore the characteristics of patients and their gender influences concerning the use of homeopathic medicine, visiting both homeopathic and conventional medicine (allopathic) clinics. This cross sectional study was carried out on 200 patients who attended private and public homeopathic and allopathic clinics or hospitals in Karachi using a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. Data for demographic variables of frequencies and associations between variables were analyzed on SPSS version 12.0. Significance level was p < 0.05. Out of the total, 64.5% respondents, more among females than males (p < 0.01) believed in homeopathy. Although slightly more than a quarter preferred homeopathic treatment than allopathic treatment, 67.5% participants had had homeopathic consultation and treatment in the past. Amongst participants who had opted for homeopathy in any of their illnesses, the majority had it for chronic conditions which included skin lesions and problems of rheumatology. In this modern era, where people have the choice to decide newer and advanced forms of medical treatment and scientific methods, a large proportion of people still rely on alternative forms of treatment like homeopathy. More awareness regarding use of homeopathic treatment is needed among general population.
Article
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly prevalent chronic inflammatory skin disease which usually develops during childhood. Despite being a condition frequently treated with homeopathy, the evidence is still insufficient to define homeopathic treatment's efficacy and the best therapeutic strategies. To evaluate the effectiveness of homeopathic treatment of AD in a general homeopathic practice setting. Patients spontaneously seeking homeopathic treatment meeting Hanifin and Rajka's criteria were prospectively treated. Severity of disease was evaluated by Rajka and Langeland's score and a set of four Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) evaluating disease severity, itch, general and psychological wellbeing and quality of sleep. Assessed outcomes were: change in AD extension, change in VASs, and a categorical scale for global subjective perception of evolution. Forty two patients were eligible. Twenty-one had other atopic comorbidities and 28 (66.7%) were moderate or severe cases. Sixteen (38.1%) patients dropped out. Significant differences were found comparing first and last consultations in mean percentage (95%CI) of affected skin area, 21.1% (10.9; 31.4) versus 5.5% (1.3; 9.7) respectively, P=0.002, and in the change or the four VASs: [mm (95%CI)] AD 31.1 (20.6; 41.7), P<0.0001; Itch 35.0 (23.6; 46.4), P<0.0001; General wellbeing 11.1 (1.2; 20.9), P<0.0188, and Sleep 17.4 (5.0; 29.8), P<0.0073. Homeopathic aggravations were reported after 29.8% of prescriptions. Twelve individualized homeopathic medicines were prescribed; Sulphur accounted for 60% of cases with good treatment response. This study suggests that in a general medical practice setting, homeopathic treatment could be regarded as an effective choice for patients with AD.
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Drosera rotundifolia has been traditionally used for the treatment of respiratory diseases in phytotherapy and homeopathy. The mechanisms of action recognized so far are linked to the known effects of specific components, such as flavonoids, but are not completely understood. In this study, the biological functions of D. rotundifolia were explored in vitro following the treatment of bronchial epithelial cells, which are the potential targets of the pharmacological effects of the herbal medicine. To do so, the whole plant ethanolic extract was 1000-fold diluted in water (D. rotundifolia 3×) and added to a 16HBE human cell line culture for 3 h or 6 h. The effects on gene expression of the treatments and corresponding controls were then investigated by RNA sequencing. The differentially expressed genes were validated through RT-qPCR, and the enriched biological functions involved in the effects of treatment were investigated. D. rotundifolia 3× did not impair cell viability and was shown to be a stimulant of cell functions by regulating the expression of dozens of genes after 3 h, and the effects were amplified after 6 h of treatment. The main differentially expressed genes encoded ligands of epithelial growth factor receptor, proteins involved in xenobiotic detoxification and cytokines, suggesting that D. rotundifolia 3× could stimulate self-repair systems, which are impaired in airway diseases. Furthermore, D. rotundifolia 3× acts on a complex and multifaceted set of genes and may potentially affect different layers of the bronchial mucosa.
Article
To study the characteristics of people visiting homeopaths in a total adult population in Norway. Data from a total population cross sectional health survey conducted in 1995-1997 in Central Norway (HUNT 2) with 65,495 participants. Variables included in the analysis were age, marital status, education, being a social welfare recipient, lifestyle (daily smoker), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-T), global health perception, self-reported health complaints and a variety of diseases. Significance level p<0.01. 40,027 persons over 20 years answered the question on visits to a homeopath. 4.3% had consulted a homeopath during the last 12 months. The likelihood of a person consulting a homeopath was most strongly associated with being female (adjusted odds ratio 2.3, 95% confidence interval 2.1-2.6) and having a lower perceived global health (increasing from 1.5, 1.2-1.8 for good global health to 2.9, 1.9-4.3 for poor global health). There was a weaker but significant association between increased likelihood of visiting a homeopath and being 30-39 years (1.3, 1.1-1.4), having a HADS-T score between 10-14 (1.3, 1.1-1.6) and 15-19 (1.6, 1.3-2.0), having a health complaint the last year (1.5, 1.2-1.7), hay fever (1.7, 1.5-2.0), consulted for a psychiatric complaint (1.5, 1.3-1.8) and another chronic disease than the ones asked about in this study (1.3, 1.1-1.6). Being a smoker was significantly associated with decreased likelihood of consulting a homeopath (0.7, 0.6-0.7). There was also a trend for increased likelihood of visits to homeopaths (p<0.1) for those 60 years and over, social welfare recipients, having a chronic complaint and HADS-T score of 20 or higher, and decreased likelihood for widow(er)s. CONCLUSIONS AND PROPOSALS: Being female and having a lower perceived global health were the variables most strongly associated with visits to a homeopath. More studies on visits to homeopaths from other populations (countries, children and adolescent) are needed.
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The evidence-based research of the effectiveness of homeopathic medicines in common immunologic disorders is reviewed. In part 1, we introduce methodological issues of clinical research in homeopathy, and criteria utilized to evaluate the literature. Then 24 studies (12 randomized and 12 non-randomized) on common upper respiratory tract infections and otorhinolaryngologic complaints are described. In part 2, the focus will be on allergic diseases and the effectiveness of homeopathy will be globally evaluated and discussed using the criteria of evidence-based medicine.
Article
A base for targeted research and development in homeopathy can be founded on systematic collection and analysis of relevant clinical data obtained by doctors in routine practice. With these longer-term aims in mind, we conducted a pilot data collection study, in which 14 homeopathic physicians collected clinical and outcomes data over a 6-month period in their practice setting. A specifically designed Excel spreadsheet enabled recording of consecutive clinical appointments under the following main headings: date, patient identity (anonymised), age and gender, medical condition/complaint treated, whether chronic or acute, new or follow-up case, patient-assessed outcome (7-point Likert scale: -3 to +3) compared with first appointment, homeopathic medicine/s prescribed, whether any other medication/s being taken for the condition. Spreadsheets were submitted monthly via email to the project co-ordinator for data synthesis and analysis. Practitioners typically submitted data regularly and punctually, and most data cells were completed as required, enabling substantial data analysis. The mean age of patients was 41.5 years. A total of 1,783 individual patient conditions were treated overall. Outcome from two or more homeopathic appointments per patient condition was obtained in 961 cases (75.9% positive, 4.6% negative, 14.7% no change; 4.8% outcome not recorded). Strongly positive outcomes (scores of +2 or +3) were achieved most notably in the frequently treated conditions of anxiety, depression, and irritable bowel syndrome. This multi-practitioner pilot study has indicated that systematic recording of clinical data in homeopathy is both feasible and capable of informing future research. A refined version of the spreadsheet can be employed in larger-scale research-targeted clinical data collection in the medical practice setting--particularly in primary care.
Article
Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that has reached nearly epidemic proportions in childhood. Moreover, it is a difficult disease to control and, with its onset in childhood, is often the first manifestation of atopy. The clinical features of eczema include itchy red skin accompanied by dryness and lichenification. In the past, treatment options consisted primarily of avoidance of soap and water. These options have considerably improved with both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic approaches. However, eczema is still a treatment challenge. Part of the problem in developing new treatment options has been the relative failure in translating basic science information into clinical application. It is hoped that the newer biologics will help bridge this gap and lead to greater success rates.
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This article summarizes a network and complex systems science model for research on whole systems of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) such as homeopathy and traditional Chinese medicine. The holistic concepts of networks and nonlinear dynamical complex systems are well matched to the global and interactive perspectives of whole systems of CAM, whereas the reductionistic science model is well matched to the isolated local organ, cell, and molecular mechanistic perspectives of pharmaceutically based biomedicine. Whole systems of CAM are not drugs with specific actions. The diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of whole systems of CAM produce effects that involve global and patterned shifts across multiple subsystems of the person as a whole. For homeopathy, several characteristics of complex systems, including the probabilistic nature of attractor patterns, variable sensitivity of complex systems to initial conditions, and emergent behaviors in the evolution of a system in its full environmental context over time, could help account for the mixed basic science and controlled clinical trial research findings, in contrast with the consistently positive outcomes of observational studies in the literature. Application of theories and methods from complex systems and network science can open a new era of advances in understanding factors that lead to good versus poor individual global outcome patterns and to rational triage of patients to one type of care over another. The growing reliance on complex systems thinking and systems biology for cancer research affords a unique opportunity to bridge between the CAM and conventional medical worlds with some common language and conceptual models.
Article
Context Economic evaluations of commonly used complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies such as homeopathy are needed to contribute to the evidence base on which policy makers, clinicians, health-care payers, as well as patients base their health-care decisions in an era of constrained resources. Objectives To review and assess existing economic evaluations of homeopathy. Methods Literature search was made to retrieve relevant publications using AMED, the Cochrane Library, CRD (DARE, NHS EED, HTA), EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the journal Homeopathy (former British Homoeopathic Journal). A hand search of relevant publications was carried out. Homeopathy researchers were contacted. Identified publications were independently assessed by two authors. Results Fifteen relevant articles reported on 14 economic evaluations of homeopathy. Thirteen studies reported numbers of patients: a total of 3,500 patients received homeopathic treatment (median 97, interquartile range 48–268), and 10 studies reported on control group participants (median 57, IQR 40–362). Eight out of 14 studies found improvements in patients’ health together with cost savings. Four studies found that improvements in homeopathy patients were at least as good as in control group patients, at comparable costs. Two studies found improvements similar to conventional treatment, but at higher costs. Studies were highly heterogeneous and had several methodological weaknesses. Conclusions Although the identified evidence of the costs and potential benefits of homeopathy seemed promising, studies were highly heterogeneous and had several methodological weaknesses. It is therefore not possible to draw firm conclusions based on existing economic evaluations of homeopathy. Recommendations for future research are presented.
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Paper aims at considering all important aspects of the scientific framework of homeopathic practice, looking at the levels of scientific evidence of each aspect in an objective way, through an extensive review of literature. Levels of evidence considered are: I) existence of meta-analyses and/or systematic positive reviews of literature; IIa) multiple positive randomized controlled trials (RCTs); IIb) some positive RCTs; IIIa) positive multiple cohorts studies; IIIb) positive studies with some cohorts; IV) opinion of experts (clinical and daily practice cases). Conclusions are clear: homeopathy must stay within the framework of medical practice, and it is even a necessity for public health.
Article
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of physician practicing preferences (PPP) in primary care for homeopathy (Ho), CAM (Complementary and alternative medicines) with conventional medicine (Mx) or exclusively conventional medicine (CM) on patients with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), with reference to clinical progression, drug consumption, side effects and loss of therapeutic opportunity. Methods: The EPI3-MSD study was a nationwide observational cohort of a representative sample of general practitioners (GP) and their patients in France. Recruitment of GP was stratified by PPP, which was self-declared. Diagnoses and comorbidities were recorded by GP at inclusion. Patients completed a standardized telephone interview at inclusion, one, three and twelve months, including MSD-functional scales and medication consumption. Results: 1153 MSD patients were included in the three PPP groups. Patients did not differ between groups except for chronicity of MSDs (>12 weeks), which was higher in the Ho group (62.1%) than in the CM (48.6%) and Mx groups (50.3%). The twelve-month development of specific functional scores was identical across the three groups after controlling for baseline score (p > 0.05). After adjusting for propensity scores, NSAID use over 12 months was almost half in the Ho group (OR, 0.54; 95%CI, 0.38-0.78) as compared to the CM group; no difference was found in the Mx group (OR, 0.81; 95% CI: 0.59-1.15). Conclusion: MSD patients seen by homeopathic physicians showed a similar clinical progression when less exposed to NSAID in comparison to patients seen in CM practice, with fewer NSAID-related adverse events and no loss of therapeutic opportunity.
Keywords:Clinical outcome studies;effectiveness;evaluation;evidence;homoeopathy;placebo
Keywords:Effectiveness;evaluation;evidence;homoeopathy;placebo;randomised clinical trials;systematic reviews
Article
Although the field of clinical psychology has strived to build a foundation of evidence-based therapies, patients with psychological disorders have increasingly sought out natural alternatives to prescription drugs and sometimes to psychotherapy, with many of these treatments failing to meet the American Psychological Association’s standards for being “efficacious” or “possibly efficacious” at present. Data show that between 36 to 42% of Americans use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) each year, most commonly for depression, anxiety, headaches, and pain disorders, all problems treated by psychologists. This paper reviews 3 traditions to which many Americans are turning to help with their mental health needs—homeopathy, botanical medicine, and nutrition—and describes what psychologists should know about these disciplines. After considering each tradition’s foundations, published literature about its efficacy or lack thereof, and potentials for drug-natural product interactions, the author recommends minimal educational standards in CAM for psychologists in general, and especially for psychopharmacological prescribers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Article
Background Almost all health care interventions have the potential to be associated with risk to patient safety. Different terminologies are used to define treatment induced risk to patient safety and a common definition is the term adverse effect. Beyond the concept of adverse effect and specific to homeopathy is the concept of homeopathic aggravation. Homeopathic aggravation describes a transient worsening of the patients’ symptoms, which is not understood as an adverse effect. In order to ensure patient safety within a homeopathic treatment setting, it is important to identify adverse effects, as well as homeopathic aggravations, even though it may be challenging to distinguish between these two concepts. To date there is an obvious lack of systematic information on how adverse effects and homeopathic aggravations are reported in studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis focuses on observational studies, as a substantial amount of the research base for homeopathy are observational. Method Eight electronic databases, central webpages and journals were searched for eligible studies. The searches were limited from the year 1995 to January 2020. The filters used were observational studies, human, English and German language. Adverse effects and homeopathic aggravations were identified and graded according to The Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Effects (CTCAE). Meta-analysis was performed separately for adverse effects and homeopathic aggravations. Results A total of 1,169 studies were identified, 41 were included in this review. Eighteen studies were included in a meta-analysis that made an overall comparison between homeopathy and control (conventional medicine and herbs). Eighty-seven percent (n = 35) of the studies reported adverse effects. They were graded as CTCAE 1, 2 or 3 and equally distributed between the intervention and control groups. Homeopathic aggravations were reported in 22,5% (n = 9) of the studies and graded as CTCAE 1 or 2. The frequency of adverse effects for control versus homeopathy was statistically significant (P < 0.0001). Analysis of sub-groups indicated that, compared to homeopathy, the number of adverse effects was significantly higher for conventional medicine (P = 0.0001), as well as other complementary therapies (P = 0.05). Conclusion Adverse effects of homeopathic remedies are consistently reported in observational studies, while homeopathic aggravations are less documented. This meta-analysis revealed that the proportion of patients experiencing adverse effects was significantly higher when receiving conventional medicine and herbs, compared to patients receiving homeopathy. Nonetheless, the development and implementation of a standardized reporting system of adverse effects in homeopathic studies is warranted in order to facilitate future risk assessments.
Article
Aim The aim of this study was to summarize twelve years of homeopathic clinical practice in the Homeopathic Clinic of Lucca Public Hospital (Italy) with particular attention to socio-demographic features of the patients, distribution of the different diagnoses, follow-up and clinical outcome. Methods Data was reviewed from 2592 consecutive patients between 1998 and 2010 for a variety of clinical problems. A smaller sample of 1129 patients returning for at least one follow up visit were analysed in order to evaluate changes in their clinical symptoms as assessed by Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital Outcome Score. Results The mean age of patients was 31 years, they were predominantly female and in many cases had already used conventional medicine for their diseases. The most common presentations were for symptoms concerning respiratory (29.4%), digestive tract (17%) and dermatological (14.7%) diseases. A total of 47% of patients reported major improvement or even resolution of their clinical picture (GHHOS +3 +4); an extremely low percentage of treatment with no results (10%); and a negligible percentage of worsening (0.5%). The younger the age the more successful the therapy outcome (p < 0.001) and longer treatment appeared to give better results (p < 0.001). Conclusions The results support previous findings suggesting that homeopathy may be associated with symptom improvement for a range of chronic and recurring diseases, although this claim needs to be supported by more thorough, randomized and controlled studies. The integration of homeopathy in a Public Health System can ensure mostly safety and the equity in access for the patient
Article
Background The most commonly recommended treatments for depression are psychological/psychotherapeutic treatments, and antidepressant drugs. However, 38 percent of patients with depression do not use these recommended treatments. Some patients seek homeopathic treatment for depression, but insufficient evidence exists to conclude as to the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of treatment by homeopaths for patients with depression. The aim of this trial is to evaluate the acceptability and comparative clinical and cost-effectiveness of the offer of adjunctive treatment provided by homeopaths for patients with self-reported depression. Method This pragmatic randomised controlled trial is embedded within the population based South Yorkshire Cohort (SYC) of whom nine percent self-report long-term depression. The SYC is designed to facilitate ‘cohort multiple’ randomised controlled trials (cmRCT). A self-completed questionnaire will be used to both screen and collect baseline data from potential trial participants. The primary outcome is PHQ-9. One-hundred-and-sixty-two participants will be randomly selected to the intervention group (Offer of treatment by a homeopath). The results of the Offer and the No Offer groups will be compared at 6 and 12 months using both an intention to treat (ITT) and complier average causal effect (CACE) analysis. Cost-effectiveness analysis will involve calculation of quality adjusted life year (QALY). In order to help interpret the quantitative findings a selection of up to 30 patients in the offer group will be invited to participate in qualitative interviews after the first consultation and after a minimum of 6 months. Interviews will be assessed by two researchers and results will be analysed using thematic analysis. Triangulation will be used to combine results from qualitative and quantitative methodologies at the interpretation stage, to see if results agree, offer complementary information on the same issue or contradict each other.
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Background: There are serious challenges for treatment of depression in the war veterans. Complementary therapies; such as homeopathy, are proposed to incease successful of their treatment. In one study, ultrahigh-dilution of NaCl (Natrium muriaticum) was used in depressed war veterans for this aim and in this study, their homeopathic dynamisms were evaluated for preparing the special treatment protocols. Methods: The patients got the remedies every 2-3 weeks and changing of their symptoms after using natruium muriaticum were evaluated. One homeopath diagnosed their homeopathic dynamisms via discussing about their mental and somatic symptoms with the help of software. Aggravations were defined as both, increasing of previous or appearing new trouble symptoms. Accessory symptoms related to remedy proving were omitted by waiting. At the end of study, data were extracted from the patients’ files and classified. Findings: Files of 28 patients had adequate information and in 7 of them, had not. The most common homeopathic dynamisms were similar to Sulphurous, with rage and eczema as main symptoms, and Belladaonna, with headache and anger. The other dynamisms were Phosphorous, Aconitum, and Calcarea, respectively. 25 percent of patients reported mild to moderate aggravation. They were headache, desquamation of skin eruptions, anxiety and obstinacy with their families. Conclusion: Trend of clinical course of war survivor depressed, after getting a homeopathic remedy, indicated various polycrest myazmatic dynamisms. This is an opportunity to prepare a special protocol with speed use of remedies for treatment of them in another research.
Article
From December 2019, a new pandemic named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-2019) has become a key topic of discussion across the world. The reason behind this discussion is the rapid increase in human death due to COVID-19 which has stunned the world. The pathogen of COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which is similar to SARS CoV. SARS-CoV-2 infects mainly the respiratory system which causes the death because there is no effective vaccines or therapeutics against COVID-19. Homoeopathic drugs like Lachesis and Gripp Heel may play an effective role to cure corona patients.
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S100 proteins are small calcium-binding proteins interacting with numerous intra- and extra cellular targets involved in diverse physiological functions. In particular, S100 proteins may be involved in the regulation of anxiety-related behaviour. In the present study, the effects of affinity-purified antibodies to S100 proteins administered orally at ultra-low doses were evaluated in pre-clinical tests for anxiolytic-like activity in the adult rat. In the Vogel conflict test in the rat, antibodies to S100 proteins increased punished drinking (anti-conflict effect) at 5 and 7.5 mL kg(-1), but not at 2.5 or 10 mL kg(-1). Antibodies to S100 proteins increased the percentage of entries into the open arms of an elevated plus-maze at 10 mL kg(-1), but not at lower doses. Taken together, these results indicate the presence of anxiolytic-like activity for antibodies to S100 proteins over the dose range 5-10 mL kg(-1) in the adult rat.
Article
A retrospective evaluation of the results of the homoeopathic treatment of 62 patients suffering from bronchial asthma showed a very significant statistical improvement in the condition. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied after a random trawl of cases from our files. The results were evaluated in terms of the general population and according to age at start of treatment, to take account of the high incidence of spontaneous remission in children. The clinical approach of the homoeopath is discussed, with reference to the prescribing of medicines.
Article
A retrospective study of rheumatological patients seen in a private homoeopathic practice was conducted. 3,555 computerized patient files were surveyed, yielding 99 patients with a primary diagnosis of arthritis. Patient files were analysed by diagnosis, demographic variables and duration of follow-up. Response to treatment, level of similarity, medicines and dilutions prescribed are presented. Forty-three patients were able to stop all conventional medication, most of the treatment failures were in-patients with relatively brief follow-up. Some representative case histories are described.
Homeopathy is a well-established therapeutic system with potential relevance to psychiatry, but as yet it is largely untested. To report the use of homeopathic treatment in patients with depression and anxiety. Individually selected homeopathic remedies were used on an outpatient basis to treat 12 adults who had major depression, social phobia, or panic disorder. The patients either requested homeopathic treatment or received it on a physician's recommendation after partial or poor response to conventional therapies. Duration of treatment was 7 to 80 weeks. Response was monitored by using a clinical global scale (n = 12), the self-rated SCL-90 scale (n = 8), and the Brief Social Phobia Scale (n = 4). Overall response rates were 58% according to the clinical global improvement scale and 50% according to the SCL-90 or the Brief Social Phobia Scale. Homeopathy may be useful in the treatment of affective and anxiety disorders in patients with mildly to severely symptomatic conditions.
Article
The aim of the study was to examine the activity of a new service providing a homeopathy clinic at a community hospital. This was initiated in a limited way and was served by a relatively inexperienced practitioner. A range of presenting complaints, treatments and outcomes are described. Funding has been maintained by the Health Authority and referrals have continued to be made by the local eligible General Practitioners. The outcomes have been quite good but the default rate has been disappointingly high.
Article
An audit was conducted of 829 consecutive patients presenting for homeopathic treatment of a chronic illness, conventional treatment had either failed, plateaued in effect, or was contraindicated by adverse effects, age or condition of the patient. Of the 829 patients, 503 (61%) had a sustained improvement from homeopathic treatment, of these:
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Reilly D. The Evidence for Homeopathy. (Produced for Grampian Health Board.) Glasgow: Academic Departments of Homeopathy, 1995.