Efficacy of three ELISA measurements of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies in the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
The objective of the present study was to determine the efficacy of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody detection in the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as well as to compare three commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits used to detect such antibodies. We analysed the presence of anti-CCP antibodies in the sera of 78 patients who had been newly referred from primary healthcare centres to the Early Polyarthritis Unit. We also included in the study a group of 50 healthy controls. None of the patients had previously received treatment for the disease. After 1-year follow-up, the diagnosis of RA was confirmed in 53 of these patients. The ELISA kits under study were IMMUNOSCAN RA (Euro-Diagnostica AB), QUANTA Lite CCP IgG ELISA (INOVA Diagnostic) and DIA-STAT Anti-CCP (Axis-Shield Diagnostics); the sensitivity obtained was 52.8%, 58.5% and 52.8%, respectively, with 100% specificity for all three kits. Anti-CCP antibodies detected the presence of RA in 26% of patients without positive rheumatoid factor (RF). The sum of anti-CCP antibodies or the presence of RF gave a sensitivity of up to 67%, with specificity ranging between 94 and 97%. Anti-CCP antibodies show high specificity for the diagnosis of RA. The three ELISAs analysed offer the same degree of diagnostic accuracy.
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