Sherman SG, German D, Cheng Y, Marks M, Bailey-Kloche M. The evaluation of the JEWEL project: an innovative economic enhancement and HIV prevention intervention study targeting drug using women involved in prostitution

Department of epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
AIDS Care (Impact Factor: 1.6). 02/2006; 18(1):1-11. DOI: 10.1080/09540120600838480
Source: PubMed


The JEWEL (Jewellery Education for Women Empowering Their Lives) pilot study examined the efficacy of an economic empowerment and HIV prevention intervention targeting illicit drug-using women (n=50) who were involved in prostitution in Baltimore, Maryland. The intervention was comprised of six 2-hour sessions that taught HIV prevention risk reduction and the making, marketing and selling of jewellery. Bivariate comparisons examined behaviour change pre- and 3-months post-intervention. The intervention's effect on the change in the number of sex trade partners from baseline to follow-up was explored with multiple linear regression. Participants were 62.0% African American, 5.0% were currently employed, and the median age was 39 years old (Inter Quartile Range [IQR]: 34-45). Women attended an average of six (IQR: 4.5-6.0) sessions. The women sold over $7,000 worth of jewellery in eleven sales. In comparing self-reported risk behaviours pre and 3-month post intervention participation, we found significant reductions in: receiving drugs or money for sex (100% versus 71.0%, p<0.0005); the median number of sex trade partners per month (9 versus 3, p=0.02); daily drug use (76.0% vs. 55.0%, p=0.003); the amount of money spent on drugs daily (US$52.57 versus US$46.71, p = 0.01); and daily crack use (27.3% versus 13.1.0%, p = 0.014). In the presence of other variables in a multivariate linear model, income from the jewelry sale was associated with a reduction in the number of sex trade partners at follow-up. The pilot indicated effectiveness of a novel, HIV prevention, economic enhancement intervention upon HIV sexual risk behaviours and drug utilization patterns.

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Available from: Marie Bailey-Kloch, Jul 10, 2014
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    • "The economic vulnerability of women engaged in sex work is also closely related to their HIV risk (Choi and Holroyd, 2007; Reed et al., 2010). Women who engage in sex work and who have limited economic means may have inhibited power to negotiate safe sex practices with clients due to the higher premium gained through unprotected sex, the price of condoms, and urgent requirement for income in times of crisis or immediate need (Odek et al., 2009; Sherman et al., 2006). Women engaging in sex work who report having debt or other economic hardships have been more likely to report unsafe sex practices and sexually transmitted infection (STI) symptoms (Ngo et al., 2007; Reed et al., 2010). "
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    • "Session Three. Stress Management Compared to men, low-income African American women have reported greater levels of physiological and psychological stress as they are confronted with " triple oppression associated with discriminations based on race, sex, and class " (Bova, et al. 2008; Sherman, et al. 2006; Braxton, et al. 2007; Williams & Williams-Morris, 2000; Hooks, 1993). This in turn, resulted in several exaggerated and negative coping mechanisms, including the tendency to engage in highrisk behaviors, and the reluctance to seek help and treatment (Murry, et al. 2003). "
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