Local Anesthetics for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain: On the Limits of Meta-Analysis

ArticleinAnesthesia & Analgesia 101(6):1736-7 · January 2006with11 Reads
DOI: 10.1213/01.ANE.0000184194.99110.80 · Source: PubMed

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    • "Hence, future studies with larger sample sizes are warranted. Intravenous lidocaine is used extensively in the clinical setting for the management of postoperative pain, refractory headache, postherpetic neuralgia, neuropathic and centrally mediated pain, and poststroke pain syndrome [22] [23] [33] [34] [35]. The results of a metaanalysis showed that IV administration of lidocaine can decrease postoperative pain intensity and the incidence of nausea and vomiting [36]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Renal colic (RC) is a common clinical presentation in the emergency department (ED). Prompt and effective pain control is one of the first responsibilities of emergency physicians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of adding lidocaine to morphine compared to morphine alone in patients presenting to the ED with RC. Methods: In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial, a total of 110 adult patients of both sexes, aged 18 to 50 years, who presented to the ED with signs and symptoms suggestive of RC were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. Patients in group A received morphine (0.1 mg/kg) plus lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg), whereas those in group B received morphine (0.1 mg/kg) plus normal saline 0.9% as placebo. All patients were asked to rate the intensity of their pain and nausea on a 0- to 10-point visual analog scale before and at 5, 10, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after intervention. Results: There was a statistically significant time trend decline in both groups for both pain and nausea scores (P < .01). Repeated-measures analysis showed a significant effect for the interaction between group and time of persistent pain (P = .034), but there was no significant group effect in this regard (P = .146). Median times to being pain free in the group receiving morphine plus lidocaine and in the group taking morphine alone were 87.02 minutes (95% confidence interval [CI], 74.23-94.82) and 100.12 minutes (95% CI, 89.95-110.23), respectively (P = .071). Repeated-measures analysis also showed a significant group effect for nausea (P = .038), but there was no interaction between group and time in this regard (P = .243). The median nausea-free times in the group receiving morphine plus lidocaine and the group receiving morphine alone were 26.6 minutes (95% CI, 14.16-39.03) and 58.33 minutes (95% CI, 41.85-74.82), respectively. This time difference was statistically significant (P < .001). Conclusions: Using lidocaine may be recommended as an effective, safe, and inexpensive adjuvant to morphine in improving nausea and reducing the time needed to achieve pain and nausea relief in patients visiting the ED with acute RC.
    Article · Dec 2015
    • "This pain-reducing response to lidocaine in our study and other studies can be a guide for treatment with Oralsodium channel blocking agents, such as Mexiletine, Gabapentin, or Duloxetine (antidepressant). [7,13,15,20,21] Opioids are the most common drugs used in patientcontrolled intravenous analgesia pumps (PCIA), but there has always been a concern about their overdose and side eff ects. This is the reason why lidocaine was examined in this study as an auxiliary medicine to morphine in PCIA, and its probable capacity for decreasing the need for opioids was tested. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Opiate is used in patient-controlled intravenous analgesia pumps (PCIA) for controlling pain in post-surgical patients. Other drugs are remarkably added to opioid pumps to enhance quality, lengthen analgesia, and reduce side effects. Lidocaine, a local anesthetic which inhibits sodium channels, has anesthetic and analgesic effects when injected locally or intravenously. The objective of this study is to evaluate the analgesic effects of adding lidocaine 1% to different doses of morphine via IV pump to patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) after orthopedic surgeries. Materials and Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 60 patients who had undergone orthopedic surgery of lower extremities were divided into three equal groups to control postoperative pain. Intravenous pump with 5 ml/h flow rate was used as the analgesic method. The solution consisted of lidocaine 1% plus 20 mg morphine for the first group, lidocaine 1% plus 10 mg morphine for the second group, and only 20 mg morphine for the third group (control group). Patients were checked every 12 h, and Visual Analog Scale (VAS), extra opioid doses, nausea/vomiting, and sedation scale were examined. Results: Pain score was lower in the first group compared to the other two groups. Mean VAS was 2.15 +/- 0.2, 2.75 +/- 0.2, and 2 +/- 0.25 on the first day and 1.88 +/- 0.1, 2.74 +/- 0.3, and 2.40 +/- 0.3 on the second day, respectively, in the three groups and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01 and < 0.05, respectively). Also, 10% of patients in the first group needed extra opioid doses, while this figure was 30% in the second group and 25% in the third group (P < 0.01). Nausea/vomiting and sedation scores were not statistically different among the three groups. Conclusion: Compared to lidocaine 1% plus 10 mg morphine or 20 mg morphine alone in PCIA, adding lidocaine 1% to 20 mg morphine decreases the pain score and opioid dose after orthopedic surgeries without having side effects.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014
    • "This pain-reducing response to lidocaine in our study and other studies can be a guide for treatment with Oralsodium channel blocking agents, such as Mexiletine, Gabapentin, or Duloxetine (antidepressant). [7,13,15,20,21] Opioids are the most common drugs used in patientcontrolled intravenous analgesia pumps (PCIA), but there has always been a concern about their overdose and side eff ects. This is the reason why lidocaine was examined in this study as an auxiliary medicine to morphine in PCIA, and its probable capacity for decreasing the need for opioids was tested. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Opiate is used in patient-controlled intravenous analgesia pumps (PCIA) for controlling pain in post-surgical patients. Other drugs are remarkably added to opioid pumps to enhance quality, lengthen analgesia, and reduce side effects. Lidocaine, a local anesthetic which inhibits sodium channels, has anesthetic and analgesic effects when injected locally or intravenously. The objective of this study is to evaluate the analgesic effects of adding lidocaine 1% to different doses of morphine via IV pump to patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) after orthopedic surgeries. In a randomized clinical trial, 60 patients who had undergone orthopedic surgery of lower extremities were divided into three equal groups to control postoperative pain. Intravenous pump with 5 ml/h flow rate was used as the analgesic method. The solution consisted of lidocaine 1% plus 20 mg morphine for the first group, lidocaine 1% plus 10 mg morphine for the second group, and only 20 mg morphine for the third group (control group). Patients were checked every 12 h, and Visual Analog Scale (VAS), extra opioid doses, nausea/vomiting, and sedation scale were examined. Pain score was lower in the first group compared to the other two groups. Mean VAS was 2.15 ± 0.2, 2.75 ± 0.2, and 2 ± 0.25 on the first day and 1.88 ± 0.1, 2.74 ± 0.3, and 2.40 ± 0.3 on the second day, respectively, in the three groups and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01 and <0.05, respectively). Also, 10% of patients in the first group needed extra opioid doses, while this figure was 30% in the second group and 25% in the third group (P < 0.01). Nausea/vomiting and sedation scores were not statistically different among the three groups. Compared to lidocaine 1% plus 10 mg morphine or 20 mg morphine alone in PCIA, adding lidocaine 1% to 20 mg morphine decreases the pain score and opioid dose after orthopedic surgeries without having side effects.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014
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