Feugier, P, Li, N, Jo, DY, Shieh, JH, MacKenzie, KL, Lesesve, JF et al. Osteopetrotic mouse stroma with thrombopoietin, c-kit ligand, and flk-2 ligand supports long-term mobilized CD34+ hematopoiesis in vitro. Stem Cells Dev 14: 505-516

James Ewing Laboratory of Developmental Hematopoiesis, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.
Stem Cells and Development (Impact Factor: 3.73). 11/2005; 14(5):505-16. DOI: 10.1089/scd.2005.14.505
Source: PubMed


OP-9 cells are stromal cells derived from macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)-deficient osteopetrotic mice. To evaluate the OP-9 capability to sustain long-term hematopoiesis, we reported the expansion of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized human peripheral blood (PB) CD34(+) cells in co-culture with murine OP-9 and MS-5 stromal cells, either transfected with various combinations of adenovectors (Ad) expressing c-kit ligand (KL) (either soluble or transmembrane form), thrombopoietin (TPO), flt-3/flk2 ligand (FL), and granulocyte-macrophage (GM)-CSF or with weekly addition of these cytokines. Expression of TPO as well as association of TPO, FL, and KL increased progenitor cell and week-6 cobblestone area forming cell (CAFC) production in all stromal co-cultures. Similar progenitor expansion was obtained by weekly addition of soluble cytokine. Five weeks of co-culture with OP9 and TPO, FL + KL resulted in the greatest expansion of progenitor cells and week-6 CAFC as measured by secondary assay on MS-5. In contrast to MS-5 and TPO or TPO + FL + KL cultures where hematopoiesis declined by week 4, progenitor as well as week-6 CAFC expansion continued for over 3 months in TPO + FL + KL OP9 cocultures. This was associated with decrease of CD14(+) macrophage production. The addition of human macrophage (M)-CSF or CD14(+) cells to the co-culture decrease progenitor and stem cell expansion; however, murine M-CSF to OP-9 co-cultures did not decrease progenitor expansion. High levels of stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) production by MS-5 and low or absent production by OP-9 may account for stem cell adhesion and CAFC formation in the former cultures and the predominance of stem and progenitor cells in the nonadherent fraction in the latter cultures.

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    • "For example, cytokines that activate STAT5 in the most immature human hematopoietic stem compartment include SCF7 and TPO.8 These cytokines have been shown to promote long-term hematopoiesis in vitro,9 and hypersensitivity to TPO in Lnk−/− mice resulted in elevated stem cell self-renewal, which coincided with increased levels of STAT5 activity.10 Within the erythroid compartment, STAT5 is activated by EPO,11 where STAT5 fulfills an important anti-apoptotic role by upregulating Bcl-Xl,12-15 although a more direct role in initiating erythroid commitment might exist as well.16-18 "
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    ABSTRACT: The level of transcription factor activity critically regulates cell fate decisions such as hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. The balance between hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation needs to be tightly controlled, as a shift toward differentiation might exhaust the stem cell pool, while a shift toward self-renewal might mark the onset of leukemic transformation. A number of transcription factors have been proposed to be critically involved in governing stem cell fate and lineage commitment, such as Hox transcription factors, c-Myc, Notch1, β-catenin, C/ebpα, Pu.1 and STAT5. It is therefore no surprise that dysregulation of these transcription factors can also contribute to the development of leukemias. This review will discuss the role of STAT5 in both normal and leukemic hematopoietic stem cells as well as mechanisms by which STAT5 might contribute to the development of human leukemias.
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