Article

Neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of football (soccer) play and football heading: A preliminary analysis and report on school students (13-16 years)

School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
Child Neuropsychology (Impact Factor: 2.42). 01/2006; 11(6):513-26. DOI: 10.1080/092970490959629
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Footballers run the risk of incurring mild head injury from a variety of sources, including the intentional use of the head to play the ball, known as heading. This paper presents a preliminary exploratory analysis of data collected to examine whether cumulative incidence of mild head injury, or cumulative heading frequency, are related to neuropsychological functioning in male adolescent footballers. In a quasi-experimental cross-sectional design, neuropsychological test scores of school team footballers were compared with those of similarly aged rugby players and noncontact sport players. Cumulative mild head injury incidence was estimated using self-reports, and cumulative heading was estimated using a combination of observation and self-reports. No participants had sustained a head injury within 3 months of testing. There was no relationship between head injury and neuropsychological performance, and there were no decrements in either the footballers or the rugby players in comparison with the noncontact sport players. Within the footballers, cumulative heading did not predict any of the neuropsychological test scores. These findings indicate the absence of neuropsychological impairment arising due to cumulative mild head injury incidence, or cumulative heading. Although these null findings may be reassuring to players, parents, and football organizers, we stress that they are preliminary. Further data is being collected from the same populations to provide more reliable effect estimates.

0 Followers
 · 
6 Reads
  • Source
    • "(Ouellette, 2014). Stephens et al. (2005) studied if minor head injuries in football heading have connection to neuropsychological function of adolescent footballers. By means of neuropsychological tests they arrived at conclusion that heading does not have any influence on worsening these functions. "

    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: La relación entre factores psicológicos y lesiones deportivas ha sido objeto de estudio por los investigadores desde hace años, y aunque se pueden establecer líneas de investigación muy claras, sigue existiendo una gran dispersión de datos, teorías y conceptos. Partiendo de este estado de cosas, se ha considerado la necesidad de definir un modelo global psicológico de lesiones deportivas, que sea comprensivo, multi-conceptual, predictivo y demostrable empírica y/o experimentalmente. En este trabajo se presenta el Modelo Global Psicológico de las Lesiones Deportivas (MGPsLD), con los tres ejes que lo definen: un eje causal, un eje temporal y un eje conceptual. Asimismo, se revisan las variables psicológicas y situacionales del MGPsLD más relevantes aparecidas en la literatura científica; y, finalmente, se determinan las consecuencias metodológicas que se derivan del uso de este modelo. Por último, se discute la necesidad de la validación del modelo, en sus tres ejes, lo que implica el desarrollo de una estrategia global de estudios empíricos.
    Full-text · Article ·
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease of largely unknown cause, predominantly affecting upper and lower motor neurons. A recent study in Italy suggested an increased incidence of ALS among professional Italian soccer players. We report a cluster of three amateur league soccer players who were friends from the same part of southern England, and developed ALS simultaneously. This might suggest that keen amateur soccer players are also at risk.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2007 · Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: official publication of the World Federation of Neurology Research Group on Motor Neuron Diseases
Show more