Article

Social disadvantage and adolescent stress

Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02453-9110, USA.
Journal of Adolescent Health (Impact Factor: 3.61). 01/2006; 37(6):484-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.11.126
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Low socioeconomic status (SES) and minority race/ethnicity are both associated with chronic stress and co-vary in American society. As such, these factors are often used synonymously, without clear theoretical conceptualization of their roles in the development of stress-related health disparities. This study theorized that race/ethnicity and SES reflect social disadvantage, which is the underlying factor in the development of stress-related illness, and examined how social disadvantage, defined in terms of both race/ethnicity and SES, influences adolescents’ stress.

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    • "Thus, following adjustment for objective SES, lower SSSsociety was associated with poorer self-rated health, both crosssectionally and longitudinally in US 12e19 year-olds (Goodman et al., 2007), with poorer self-rated health, increased health complaints , chronic illness and psychological distress in Finnish 15 year-olds (Karvonen and Rahkonen, 2011) and with presence of mood, anxiety, disruptive behaviour and substance disorders in US 13e18 year-olds (McLaughlin et al., 2012). However, in other studies, SSS-society was associated with health (stress) only among certain sub-groups of US 12e19 year-olds (Goodman et al., 2005) or with certain health measures (positive psychological characteristics ) but not others (physiological measures; negative psychological characteristics) among US 14e19 year-olds (Chen and Paterson, 2006). Significantly, none of these studies were conducted in the UK, a country characterised by large socio-economic inequalities compared with other industrialised nations (Hills, 2010). "
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