Adolescent Development in Interpersonal and Societal Contexts

Department of Clinical & Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 21.81). 02/2006; 57(1):255-84. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190124
Source: PubMed


In this chapter we review theoretical and empirical advances in research on adolescent development in interpersonal and societal contexts. First, we identify several trends in current research, including the current emphasis on ecological models and the focus on diversity in and relational models of adolescent development. Next, we discuss recent research on interpersonal relationships, with an eye toward identifying major research themes and findings. Research on adolescents' relationships with parents, siblings, other relatives, peers, and romantic partners, and adolescents' involvement in community and society is reviewed. Future directions in research on adolescent development are discussed.

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    • "Although most adolescents experience positive 35 relationships with their family (Smetana et al. 2006), 36 adolescents tend to report less family closeness and sup- 37 port, less communication with their parents, and increased 38 family conflict relative to children (Farrell and White 1998; 39 Laursen and Collins 2009; Mooney et al. 2006). These 40 relatively negative views of the family are believed to be in 41 part due to developmental changes that take place within 42 the adolescent, namely cognitive changes and the adoles- 43 cent's push for increased autonomy (Montemayor 1983; 44 Smetana et al. 2006; Spear 2000). Adolescents' perceived 45 views of the family often exhibit relatively little corre- 46 spondence with parental views of the family (De Los Reyes 47 et al. 2012; Ohannessian et al. 2000). "
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    ABSTRACT: Prior work indicates that adolescents perceive the family more negatively than do their parents. These discrepant views comprise some of the most robust observations in psychological science, and are observed on survey reports collected in vastly different cultures worldwide. Yet, whether developmental changes occur with these discrepant views remains unclear. In a sample of 141 adolescents and their mothers, we examined one-year developmental changes in discrepancies between parents’ and adolescents’ views of family functioning. We focused on discrepant views about a relatively covert domain of family functioning (i.e., internal views of open communication) and a relatively overt domain of such functioning (i.e., views about observable communication problems). We observed significant developmental changes in discrepant views for open communication, but not for communication problems. These findings have important implications for research examining links between discrepant views of family functioning and whether these discrepancies serve as risk or protective factors for adolescent psychosocial functioning.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2016 · Journal of Child and Family Studies
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    • "Also, the gender of both parent and child seems to influence the way parent-child relationships evolve. For example, adolescents discuss more emotional matters, such as romantic relationships, with mothers, and more instrumental matters, such as careers, with fathers (Smetana et al., 2006). Concurrently, adolescents perceive warmer and more instrumental aid from the parent of the same gender than from the different-gender parent (Lempers & Clark-Lempers, 1992; Shanahan, McHale, Crouter, & Osgood, 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates associations between mental health, perception of discrimination (unfair treatment and personal rejection), and family environment dimensions—satisfaction, intimacy, admiration, and conflict in the relationships with the mother and the father, and familial optimism—in a sample of 84 gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) Portuguese adolescents. Results show that participants with higher levels of mental health experience less discrimination, feel more respected by their fathers, have fewer conflicts with both parents, and belong to families with higher levels of optimism. No significant differences were found with regard to satisfaction and intimacy in the relationships with both parents and in the perception of admiration by the mothers. Conflict with parents moderated the relation between discrimination and mental health. Having frequent experiences of conflict with parents was found to exacerbate the negative impact of occasional acts of discrimination on mental health. Results highlight the relevance of a positive family environment as a protection mechanism in the face of discrimination, and the need to lower the levels of homophobia and heterosexism in social contexts in order to promote the well-being of GLB adolescents.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of GLBT Family Studies
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    • "Adelson and O'Neil (1966), for example, found there is an ongoing development among youth in their political thoughts and understanding such that older adolescents have more contextualized and nuanced political understanding than their younger counterparts (see also Owen & Dennis, 1987). These findings square nicely with scholars' observations that there are politically significant transitions from early to late adolescence in terms of identity formation, cognitive development, parental and peer relationships, school environment, and communication practices (Flanagan, 2004; Jennings & Stoker, 2001; Ruck, Peterson-Badali, & Day, 2002; Smetana et al., 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study uses national survey data from 1231 parent-children dyads to examine the socialization of political participation among adolescents (ages 12–17). In particular, we expand on existing models of political socialization to account for the incorporation of lifestyle practices into the political repertoires of today’s youth. We found in comparison to future voting intention, which is rooted largely in background characteristics and the direct influence of socialization agents, political consumerism is fostered more indirectly through communication practices. Moreover, we found some meaningful age differences in the associations among key variables in the model. In particular, we observed a shift from a greater emphasis of socialization agents among younger adolescents to a greater emphasis of communication practices, particularly online communication, among older adolescents. We argue, for older adolescents especially, the controllability afforded by interactive digital media plays a critical role in the cultivation of political behaviors that address individual lifestyle concerns.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
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