Emotion and Cognition: Insights from Studies of the Human Amygdala

Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 21.81). 02/2006; 57(1):27-53. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070234
Source: PubMed


Traditional approaches to the study of cognition emphasize an information-processing view that has generally excluded emotion. In contrast, the recent emergence of cognitive neuroscience as an inspiration for understanding human cognition has highlighted its interaction with emotion. This review explores insights into the relations between emotion and cognition that have resulted from studies of the human amygdala. Five topics are explored: emotional learning, emotion and memory, emotion's influence on attention and perception, processing emotion in social stimuli, and changing emotional responses. Investigations into the neural systems underlying human behavior demonstrate that the mechanisms of emotion and cognition are intertwined from early perception to reasoning. These findings suggest that the classic division between the study of emotion and cognition may be unrealistic and that an understanding of human cognition requires the consideration of emotion.

Full-text preview

Available from:
  • Source
    • "Tabibnia, Satpute, andLieberman (2008)examined brain activities of managers in relation to perceptions of fairness versus unfairness. Below some common topics and related studies of the field, is listed: Many researchers studied the importance of trust (e.g.,Lewicki, McAllister, & Bies, 1998;McAllister, 1995) also Zak and friends (2007) studied on how people make decisions around trust.Walsh et al. (1988)examined how political influences in group decision making affected how a collective decision schema was constructed (i.e., negotiated) and employedPhelps (2006)shows the fear response linkages between the cortex or thalamus and the limbic areas, specifically the amygdala which can be considered under uncertainty responses at workplace studies. Moral judgment is also relevant to decision making at workplace. "

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016
  • Source
    • "This latter feature is arguably inspired by the human cognition. Indeed, human cognition and emotions are intimately mixed from birth and develop inseparably [28]. At the core of eBICA is the cognitive map component that is used to organize memories in an abstract space: this could be a map of the physical space, or an abstract semantic space model. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to develop an approach to evaluation of a biologically inspired, causal model of cognition that exposes the mechanistic requirements for achieving fluid intelligence and makes testable predictions of neurophysiological measures. In order to build human-level-efficient tools for data analysis, it is necessary to have a theory of how concepts are represented in the human brain. This theory should specify (a) the structure and semantics of concept representations in the human brain, and (b) types, formats and specific patterns of neuronal activity instantiating these representations. The key to a biologically-informed human brain model begins with the mapping of (a) to (b), i.e., of the emotional Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architecture (eBICA) to informative features and characteristics of brain activity. The result is a detailed description of the information processing level of the dynamics of emotional evaluation of other agents and relationships with them in the process of joint activities, and the role of this evaluation in decision-making and generation of behavior based on the selected emotional cognitive architecture.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Procedia Computer Science
  • Source
    • "Jarvis adds the possibility of learning not only through reflection (cognition), but also through practice (action) and emotion, to take into account the different results of learning. The interplay between affective states and cognition has been discussed by many authors (Dama'sio, 1996; Lazarus, 1991; Phelps, 2006; Schachter and Singer, 1962; Zajonc, 1980, 1984, 1998). Locus of Control of Reinforcement is related to expectation of success or failure in a judgmental task: judgments following earlier behavior. "

    Preview · Article · Dec 2015
Show more