Establishment of HPLC-DAD-MS fingerprint of fresh Houttuynia cordata

School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Special Administrative Region, PR China.
CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN (Impact Factor: 1.16). 01/2006; 53(12):1604-9. DOI: 10.1248/cpb.53.1604
Source: PubMed


A HPLC-DAD-MS fingerprint method of fresh Houttuynia cordata THUNB. was developed basing on the consistent chromatographic features among 11 batches of authentic samples. Major chemical components including phenolic compounds, flavones and alkaloids were simultaneously analyzed. Eleven common peaks in the fingerprint were chosen and identified by comparing their UV and ESI-MS data with the authentic compounds. The unique properties of this HPLC-DAD-MS fingerprint were successfully applied to analyze and differentiate samples from different geographical origins, processing methods and various medicinal parts of H. cordata. The results showed that these variations will give rise to differences in identities and/or abundance of chemical compounds, indicating that a comprehensive quality evaluation of those major ingredients in H. cordata is critical to assess and represent its overall quality.

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    • "To support these observations, we and others have demonstrated that the ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of H. cordata is effective in inhibiting the infectivity of enveloped viruses such as DENV [13] . Meng et al. discovered 11 common peaks in the HPLC-DAD MS fingerprint of fresh H. cordata [14] . In our previous project, we verified some of these peaks in the EA extract as polyphenols or flavonoids (chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, quercetin and quercetrin) and have investigated their antiviral efficacy against DENV [13]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the in vitro activities of the ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of Houttuynia cordata (H. cordata) Thunb. (Saururaceae) and three of its constituent flavonoids (quercetin, quercitrin and rutin) against murine coronavirus and dengue virus (DENV). Methods: The antiviral activities of various concentrations of the EA fraction of H. cordata and flavonoids were assessed using virus neutralization tests against mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) and DENV type 2 (DENV-2). Cinanserin hydrochloride was also tested against MHV. The EA fraction of H. cordata was tested for acute oral toxicity in C57BL/6 mice. Results: The EA fraction of H. cordata inhibited viral infectivity up to 6 d. Cinanserin hydrochloride was able to inhibit MHV for only 2 d. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of the EA fraction of H. cordata added before the viral adsorption stage were 0.98 μg/mL for MHV and 7.50 μg/mL for DENV-2 with absence of cytotoxicity. The mice fed with the EA fraction up to 2000 mg/kg did not induce any signs of acute toxicity, with normal histological features of major organs. Certain flavonoids exhibited comparatively weaker antiviral activity, notably quercetin which could inhibit both MHV and DENV-2. This was followed by quercitrin which could inhibit DENV-2 but not MHV, whereas rutin did not exert any inhibitory effect on either virus. When quercetin was combined with quercitrin, enhancement of anti-DENV-2 activity and reduced cytotoxicity were observed. However, the synergistic efficacy of the flavonoid combination was still less than that of the EA fraction. Conclusions: The compounds in H. cordata contribute to the superior antiviral efficacy of the EA fraction which lacked cytotoxicity in vitro and acute toxicity in vivo. H. cordata has much potential for the development of antiviral agents against coronavirus and dengue infections.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: An HPLC-DAD fingerprinting profile of Rhizoma Et Radix Polygoni Cuspidati was established basing on the consistent chromatographic features of 24 authentic herb samples. The major types of chemical constituents, stilbenes and anthraquinones, were analyzed and included in the fingerprint. Eight common peaks of Polygonum Cuspidatum were identified by using HPLC-MS. The developed fingerprint was applied to differentiate Rhizoma Et Radix Polygoni Cuspidati from Radix Polygoni Multiflori and Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei. Although the three herbs belong to the family of Polygonaceae, the results indicated that these could be differentiated by using the established method.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN
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    ABSTRACT: Melilotus suaveolens Ledeb (M. suaveolens Ledeb) has long been used as a folk medicine in inflammation-related therapy. This study was undertaken to determine the anti-inflammatory effect of the plant. Petroleum ether fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, n-butanol fraction, aqueous fraction were obtained from ethanol extract of M. suaveolens Ledeb and evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). While dexamethasone (DM) was used as a positive control, the effects of different solution fractions of ethanol extract on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) mRNA, COX-2 and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) of LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells were studied by real-time PCR, Western blot analysis and immunocytochemical assay, respectively. Coumarin was one of the main ingredients in different solution fractions of ethanol extract except the aqueous fraction with no inflammatory effect. The petroleum ether fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and n-butanol fraction of ethanol extract could inhibit the production of TNF-alpha mRNA, COX-2 mRNA and NF-kappaB to some extent. Different solution fractions of ethanol extract from M. suaveolens Ledeb had similar anti-inflammatory effect as did dexamethasone except the aqueous fraction. Coumarin was likely to be essential to the anti-inflammatory effect, and other ingredients might attribute to their different anti-inflammatory effects from the HPLC fingerprint.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Chinese medical journal
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