Quality Control Guidelines for Susceptibility Testing of Retapamulin (SB-275833) by Reference and Standardized Methods

JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, Iowa, United States
Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.99). 01/2006; 43(12):6212-3. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.43.12.6212-6213.2005
Source: PubMed

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  • Article: Retapamulin

    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Drugs of the Future
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    ABSTRACT: The in vitro activity of retapamulin against 106 Staphylococcus aureus isolates and 109 Streptococcus pyogenes isolates was evaluated by the agar dilution, broth microdilution, E-test, and disk diffusion methodologies. Where possible, the tests were performed by using the CLSI methodology. The results of agar dilution, broth microdilution, and E-test (all with incubation in ambient air) for S. aureus yielded similar MICs, in the range of 0.03 to 0.25 μg/ml. These values corresponded to zone diameters between 25 and 33 mm by the use of a 2-μg retapamulin disk. Overall, 99% of the agar dilution results and 95% of E-test results for S. aureus were within ±1 dilution of the microdilution results. For S. pyogenes, the MICs obtained by the agar and broth microdilution methods (both after incubation in ambient air) were in the range of 0.008 to 0.03 μg/ml, and E-test MICs (with incubation in ambient air) were 0.016 to 0.06 μg/ml. For S. pyogenes, 100% of the agar dilution MIC results were within ±1 dilution of the broth microdilution results. E-test MICs (after incubation in ambient air) were within ±1 and ±2 dilutions of the broth microdilution results for 76% and 99% of the isolates, respectively. E-test MICs for S. pyogenes strains in CO2 were up to 4 dilutions higher than those in ambient air. Therefore, it is recommended that when retapamulin MICs are determined by E-test, incubation be done in ambient air and not in CO2, due to the adverse effect of CO2 on the activity of this compound. Diffusion zones (with incubation in CO2) for S. pyogenes were 18 to 24 mm. Retapamulin MICs for all strains by all methods (with incubation in ambient air) were ≤0.25 μg/ml. These results demonstrate that S. pyogenes (including macrolide-resistant strains) and S. aureus (including methicillin-resistant and vancomycin-nonsusceptible strains) are inhibited by very low concentrations of retapamulin and that all four testing methods are satisfactory for use for susceptibility testing.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Retapamulin (SB-275833), the first pleuromutilin to be developed for human topical use, was tested against a selected population of staphylococci and β-hemolytic streptococci. The MIC90 results for retapamulin were 0.12 μg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus and ≤0.03 μg/ml for Streptococcus pyogenes; no cross-resistance was observed for organism subsets resistant to oxacillin, erythromycin, or mupirocin.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2006 · Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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