The association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in non-referred boys and girls. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 23(6), 803-817

Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, LA 70148, USA.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law (Impact Factor: 0.96). 11/2005; 23(6):803-17. DOI: 10.1002/bsl.662
Source: PubMed


The current study investigated the association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in a non-referred sample of boys (n=86) and girls (n=114) in the fifth through ninth grades at two public schools in a large urban area. Psychopathic traits were measured by both teacher- and self-report ratings, whereas aggression and delinquency were assessed through self-report ratings. Self-reported psychopathic traits were associated with both aggression and delinquency and teacher-reported psychopathic traits were associated with higher levels of aggression. There were no clear differences for the callous-unemotional, narcissism, or impulsivity dimensions in their associations with aggression and delinquency. Also, psychopathic traits predicted aggression and delinquency for both boys and girls. The one clear gender difference was in the stronger associations between psychopathic traits and relational aggression for girls.

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    • "Child sex and psychopathic traits The current study's third goal was to determine whether associations between sensitivity, inhibitory control, attachment, and psychopathic traits vary by children's sex. Studies of youth psychopathic traits often have examined either males only or have not tested for sex differences (Marsee et al., 2005). It is reasonable to expect, however, that factors related to psychopathic traits may differ between males and females. "
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    ABSTRACT: Psychopathic traits reflect deficits in behavioral, affective, and interpersonal functioning (Cooke & Michie, 2001). Children with poor inhibitory control may display these traits. Maternal sensitivity and attachment have been implicated in psychopathic traits, but whether they may reduce the likelihood of psychopathic trait expression in adolescence for uninhibited children is largely unknown. The current study attempted to shed light on this issue. Data came from 957 adolescents, followed from 54 months through 15 years. Findings demonstrated that maternal sensitivity was associated with a reduced likelihood of psychopathic traits for males with low inhibitory control. For females, secure attachment mediated the interaction of sensitivity and inhibitory control to psychopathic traits. The current study offers insight into the temperamental traits, parenting, and relational processes involved in psychopathic trait expression during adolescence. Copyright © 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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    • "The influence of gender on antisocial behavior is also unclear (Fanti, Frick, & Georgiou, 2009); however, conduct disorders are more prevalent among males (APA, 2013). Marsee, Silverthorn, and Frick (2005) differen­ tiated between males and females on different aspects of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (Frick & Hare, 2001), and Fontaine, Barker, Salekin, and Viding (2008) found different developmental trajectories for young males and females on callous-unemotional traits. Generally, the manifestations of antiso­ cial behavior among males and females is different (Amitay & Gumpel, 2013), as is the tendency of the tw o groups to engage in direct physical (vs. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study had three primary goals: to explore the relationship between narcissism, participant roles, and aggression; to examine the role of gender as a moderating influence on narcissism-based aggression; and to examine how these variables work together to influence aggressive outcomes in a sample of aggressive middle and high school students. Narcissism and aggression appear to be similarly related for males and females; however, when examining high aggression males and high aggression females, we found that males were more influenced by leadership and authority aspects of narcissism and females were more influenced by self-absorption/self-admiration aspects of narcissism. Participants break down into three primary groups: perpetrators, helpers, and bystanders. For both genders, being a helper (either as a help-seeker or defender) is positively correlated with exploitiveness.
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    • "Evidence demonstrating that child CU traits may elicit parental distress, punitive parenting, and less parental involvement over time (Fanti and Centifanti 2014; Hawes et al. 2011), suggests that the characteristics of high CU youth may directly increase the likelihood of Fig. 3 Cross-lagged model (estimates (SE)) with parent-report of callous-unemotional (CU) traits, negative life events (LE; uncontrollable LE left of diagonal; controllable LE right of diagonal), and parent-report of conduct problems (CP) as a time-varying covariate Note: Bolded values denote significance at 0.05 J Abnorm Child Psychol negative life events (e.g., family conflict) or predispose youth to circumstances that increase the risk for negative life events (e.g., poor parental monitoring leading to increased likelihood of poor grades). This may extend to the peer domain given links between CU traits and bullying, proactive and relational aggression (Fanti and Kimonis 2012; Marsee et al. 2005), and propensity towards revenge, dominance, and forced respect during peer conflict (Pardini 2011; Pardini and Byrd 2012). In support, reciprocal effects were evident only for controllable life events such as school suspension/failure and arguments with others. "
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    ABSTRACT: Children with conduct problems and co-occurring callous-unemotional (CU) traits show more severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors than those without CU traits. Exposure to negative life events has been identified as an important contributing factor to the expression of CU traits across time, although the directionality of this effect has remained unknown due to a lack of longitudinal study. The present longitudinal study examined potential bidirectional effects of CU traits leading to experiencing more negative life events and negative life events leading to increases in CU traits across three years among a sample of community-based school-aged (M=10.9, SD=1.71 years) boys and girls (N = 98). Repeated rating measures of CU traits, negative life events and conduct problems completed by children and parents during annual assessments were moderately to highly stable across time. Cross-lagged models supported a reciprocal relationship of moderate magnitude between child-reported CU traits and “controllable” negative life events. Parent-reported CU traits predicted “uncontrollable” life events at the earlier time point and controllable life events at the later time point, but no reciprocal effect was evident. These findings have important implications for understanding developmental processes that contribute to the stability of CU traits in youth.
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